CJ 115 Quiz 5

CJ 115 Quiz 5


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Asked by 2 years ago
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CJ 115 Quiz 5

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Question 1

Which stage in juvenile court corresponds to the bail hearing in adult court?

detention hearing

intake

adjudication

disposition

Question 2

Which stage in juvenile court corresponds to sentencing in adult court?

detention hearing

intake

adjudication

disposition

Question 3

According to the text, when police take a youth into custody, the most likely outcome is:

release

referral to juvenile court

referral to adult court

none of the above

Question 4

According to the text, in recent years, juvenile courts processed about _________ delinquency cases.

one-half million

one million

  1. 6 million

  2. 1 million

Question 5

In a recent study cited in the text, _____________ of the youths did not meet their public defender prior to the detention hearing.

20 percent

33 percent

more than one-half

two-thirds

Question 6

Locked detention facilities are called __________ facilities.

jails

secure

alternative

institutional

Question 7

All detention centers are locked.

True

False

Question 8

Bail is not universally available in juvenile court.

True

False

Question 9

According to the text, approximately 75 percent of delinquency cases brought to the attention of juvenile court result in a delinquency petition.

True

False

Question 10

According to the text, which of the following can be a factor in intake decisions?

seriousness of the offense

prior record

demeanor

all of the above

Question 11

According to the text, what has been the traditional procedure for switching juvenile cases to adult court?

direct file

statutory exclusion

transfer or waiver

lowering the age limit of adult court

Question 12

In a study of Florida transfers by Bishop and her colleagues, which of the following was not found?

Transfers received longer sentences in adult courts.

Transfers did not actually serve longer sentences than non-transferred youths.

No matter what follow-up period was used, transfers had lower recidivism than nontransferred youths.

Time to arrest was shorter for transfers.

Question 13

According to the text, which of the following is/are problems with attorneys in juvenile court?

high caseloads

lack of training

confusion about what role to play

all of the above

Question 14

Courts that use teenagers as decision makers (e. g. , the jury) and deal with minor offenses such as shoplifting are called _________ courts.

informal

drug

teen

community

Question 15

According to the text, which of the following is probably the most likely8explanation for the fact that youths with attorneys often fare worse (e. g. , get placed) than unrepresented juveniles?

A number of attorneys in juvenile court are inexperienced.

Judges are probably more careful to make sure that the worst cases get representation.

high caseloads

all of the above

Question 16

Drug testing in detention centers has found that 20 to 25 percent of detained youths test positive for marijuana.

True

False

Question 17

According to the text, it is unclear whether teen courts reduce recidivism.

True

False

Question 18

The new diversion programs (e. g. , teen courts) have more emphasis on accountability than on rehabilitation.

True

False

Question 19

Which of the following are the two major models for juvenile court attorneys?Question

zealous advocate and concerned adult

zealous advocate and plea bargain architect

concerned adult and instructor

instructor and zealous advocate

Question 20

If state law stipulates that certain offenses (e. g. , murder) automatically go to adult criminal court, that is called:

transfer

statutory exclusion

prosecutorial waiver

reverse waiver

Question 21

Sentences that can involve both the juvenile and adult court and correctional systems are examples of __________ sentencing.

hybrid

dual

blended

combined

Question 22

If police arrest a youth due to his or her race and then a judge later sentences that youth more severely because of a lengthy prior record, that is an example of:

racial prejudice

bias amplification

inadvertent error

none of the above

Question 23

Waiver (transfer) is decreasing in frequency because other methods of prosecuting juveniles as adults are now available.

True

False

Question 24

Demeanor can influence decisions such as intake, although it is not necessarily recorded in the case file.

True

False

Question 25

Which Supreme Court case ruled that juveniles should have the right to an attorney at adjudication hearings?

Kent v. United States

In re Gault

In re Winship

McKeiver v. Pennsylvania

Question 26

Which Supreme Court case granted due process rights to juveniles at waiver (transfer) hearings?

Kent v. United States

In re Gault

In re Winship

McKeiver v. Pennsylvania

Question 27

Which Supreme Court case made the reasonable doubt standard constitutional?

Kent v. United States

In re Gault

In re Winship

McKeiver v. Pennsylvania

Question 28

Which Supreme Court case declined to go so far as to give juveniles the right to a jury trial?

Kent v. United States

In re Gault

In re Winship

McKeiver v. Pennsylvania

Question 29

A juvenile may waive his or her privilege against self-incrimination and consent to police interrogation if he or she:

consults an attorney first

does so voluntarily in light of the totality of the circumstances

consults with her parents first

consults with any interested adult first

Question 30

Which Supreme Court case has ruled on the admissibility of juvenile confessions to police?

Breed v. Jones

Schall v. Martin

In re Winship

Fare v. Michael C

Question 31

Juveniles share all the same due process rights as adults.

True

False

Question 32

Technically, the Gault decision applies only where there is possibility of incarceration.

True

False

Question 33

Research indicates that once a teen is 13 years old, he or she is able to understand Miranda warnings completely.

True

False

Question 34

Which Supreme Court case has rule on preventive detention?

Breed v. Jones

Schall v. Martin

In re Winship

Fare v. Michael C

Question 35

Which of the following is false concerning students right to free speech in school?

Students have a limited right to free speech in schools.

Students have no free speech rights in the school setting.

Students have the right to free speech that does not interfere materially with discipline or educational interests.

Students can protest certain issues by wearing things such as armbands.

Question 36

In New Jersey v. T. L. O. , the Supreme Court ruled that school officials may search students

if the students consent to a search.

based on probable cause.

based on reasonable suspicion.

none of the above

Question 37

According to the text, which of the following is false concerning the drinking age?

Drinking age laws deter the majority of teenagers from drinking.

Research indicates that drinking laws have saved thousands of lives.

Drinking laws are somewhat unfair in that 18 is the age for other legal matters.

The reasoning behind drinking laws is teenager inexperience with both drinking and driving.

Question 38

Concerning corporal punishment in school (e. g. , paddling), the Supreme Court has ruled that corporal punishment is:

completely permissible

unconstitutional

permissible so long as it is reasonable

none of the above

Question 39

Which of the following would probably be permitted under a constitutional curfew law?

an emergency errand for a parent

an organized sporting event such as participation in an organized midnight basketball league at the Boys Club

playing on the sidewalk in front of ones own house

all of the above

Question 40

A few states have mandated that police electronically record all juvenile interrogations in order to assure the voluntariness of confessions.

True

False

Question 41

The Supreme Court has ruled that law enforcement officers can search probationers without a warrant based on reasonable suspicion and on a condition of probation stipulating the possibility of searches.

True

False

Question 42

In McKeiver v. Pennsylvania, the Supreme Court ruled that juveniles have the right to a jury trial.

True

False

Question 43

In a recent decision (Good News Club v. Milford Central School), the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that:

private religious groups can be allowed to hold after-school meetings in school

schools can endorse a particular religion

the First Amendment prohibits schools from endorsing a religion and therefore they cannot allow such meetings in school facilities even after school hours

none of the above

Question 44

As in the case of police interrogation, in search situations, the police must first advise the suspect that he or she has the right to refuse a consent search request.

True

False

Question 45

The American Bar Association agrees with the Supreme Court that juveniles should be treated just like adults in consent search situations.

True

False

Question 46

Corporal punishment in schools is constitutional.

True

False

Question 47

The Supreme Court has ruled that public schools can force student athletes to undergo random drug testing as a condition for playing on school sports teams.

True

False

Question 48

The courts have upheld some, but not all, juvenile curfew laws.

True

False

Question 49

Token economy systems use which type of psychological program?

cognitive

behavior modification

psychodynamic

humanistic

Question 50

What percentage of girls in the juvenile justice system have histories of physical abuse?

25 percent

33 percent

50 percent

70 percent

CJ 115
theMind

1 Answer

T
Answered by 2 years ago
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Oh Snap! This Answer is Locked

CJ 115 Quiz 5

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Asked: 2 years ago

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