CJ 115 Quiz 3

# CJ 115 Quiz 3

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CJ 115 Quiz 3

Question 1

Which of the following is not included in all definitions of gangs?

a group phenomenon

participation in delinquent activity

common symbols (e.g., colors)

violence

Question 2

In statutory definitions of gang, the only true common feature is:

criminal activity

number of participants

none of the above are common

Question 3

The group hazard hypothesis holds that:

certain groups (for example, inner-city males) are more likely to commit delinquent acts than other groups

delinquency committed in groups has a greater chance of being detected and acted upon by the juvenile justice system

gang delinquency results in greater violence than does individual delinquency

none of the above

Question 4

Early literature about gangs located most gangs in __________ areas.

lower-class

middle-class

upper-class

mixed socioeconomic

Question 5

According to the text, the pioneer of gang research is:

Thrasher

Sutherland

Klein

Yablonsky

Question 6

The term near group is simply a synonym for gang. It does not signify anything different about gangs.

True

False

Question 7

Thrashers definition of a gang is universally accepted as the one correct definition.

True

False

Question 8

All states have passed laws defining gang behavior as illegal.

True

False

Question 9

Those states that statutorily define a gang member provide very similar definitions.

True

False

Question 10

Recent National Youth Gang Surveys show about ___________ gang members

540,000

785,000

1 million

1.5 million

Question 11

According to the most recent studies, ________ constituted the largest portion of gang membership.

African Americans

Anglos

Hispanics

Asians

Question 12

Gangs with mixed ethnic/racial membership are called ________ gangs.

mixed

hybrid

multi-ethnic

rainbow

Question 13

Wilding gangs typically belong to the:

lower class

middle class

upper class

mixed socioeconomic strata

Question 14

According to National Youth Gang Survey data, about ____ percent of all gang members are female.

10

20

25

33

Question 15

According to the text, which of the following probably accounts for much gang migration?

gangs setting up branches in other cities

gangs in cities such as Los Angeles franchising new gangs in small cities

family relocation or visits to family members

none of the above

Question 16

According to Thrasher, gangs arose out of spontaneous play groups.

True

False

Question 17

The term near group is associated with which gang researcher?

Thrasher

Sutherland

Klein

Yablonsky

Question 18

Violence is included as a critical element in all definitions of gangs.

True

False

Question 19

According to the text, _______ gangs appear to be very profit-oriented and focus on monetary return.

Chicano

African-American

Asian

Tagger

Question 20

Which of the following is/are characteristic of modern gang violence?

It is more random than violence of gangs of the past.

It is marked by constant forays rather than infrequent rumbles.

Lethal weapons are used more frequently than they were in the past.

all of the above

Question 21

According to the text, which of the following is/are reasons for gang behavior?

the need for status

control of turf or territory

financial gain

all of the above

Question 22

In the National Youth Gang Survey, respondents list ______ as their most common intervention strategy.

community organization

suppression

social interventions

organizational change and development.

Question 23

Social workers who work with gangs on the street are called:

street workers

gang workers

detached workers

turf workers

Question 24

When police strictly enforce all laws against gang members in an effort to get them to stop their criminal activity (e.g., the Boston Gun Project), the strategy is called:

community policing

pulling levers

omnibus enforcement

gang targeting

Question 25

The view that gangs recruit or attract already delinquent youths is called the __________ model.

selection

social facilitation

enhancement

none of the above

Question 26

According to the text, which of the following is/are components of drug addiction?

chronic use

the individual develops a need to use the drug continually

psychological or physical dependence

all of the above

Question 27

According to the text, the primary source of information on drug use (e.g., extent of use) is:

UCR arrest statistics

victim reports

self-reports

none of the above

Question 28

According to the Monitoring the Future Survey, which of the following statements is false

Drug use varies greatly by type of drug.

falseMuch drug use is experimental.

Overall, illegal drug use among high school seniors increased between 1975 and 2010.

Only a small fraction of respondents use any drug other than alcohol, tobacco, or marijuana on a regular basis.

Question 29

Which group of youths is most likely to be left out of studies such as Monitoring the Future?

girls

suburban youths

school dropouts

all of the above

Question 30

According to the text, which of the following statements is the most accurate assessment of the drugscrime connection?

Drug use causes delinquency.

Delinquency causes drug use.

The relationship between drug use and delinquency is reciprocal.

There is a correlation between drug use and delinquency.

Question 31

Which of the following contends that common factors cause both drug use and delinquency?

Drug use causes delinquency.

Delinquency causes drug use.

The relationship between drug use and delinquency is reciprocal.

The relationship between drug use and delinquency is spurious.

Question 32

For adults, drug abuse refers to the use of any drug beyond that legally prescribed for a medical condition.

True

False

Question 33

For juveniles, most writers consider drug use and abuse synonymous.

True

False

Question 34

Prevalence of drug use refers to how many times a drug is used in a given year.

True

False

Question 35

According to the text, which of the following is not a principle of effective drug treatment programs?

Treatment needs to be voluntary to be effective.

No single program is appropriate for all individuals

Effective treatment attends to multiple needs of the individual.

Recovery from drug addiction is a long-term process and frequently requires multiple episodes of treatment.

Question 36

Which drug treatment method involves the use of a supportive, highly structured, family-like atmosphere?

therapeutic community

detoxification

out-patient drug-free programs

Question 37

The Just Say No approach to drug prevention is a type of ________ program.

peer

affective

knowledge/education

life skill training.

Question 38

The Big Brothers/Big Sisters drug prevention program is a form of _________ program.

peer

affective

knowledge/education

life-skills training

Question 39

Programs that encourage parents to use strong measures against their children who use drugs are called ____________ programs.

PET (Parent Effectiveness Training)

Back to Basics Parenting

tough love

none of the above

Question 40

If a survey asks how many times a person has used drugs in the last 30 days (or a another time period), that is a measure of:

prevalence

incidence

none of the above

Question 41

Examination of Monitoring the Future data shows that much drug use for drugs such as cocaine and heroin is experimental.

True

False

Question 42

According to the text, the most commonly used substance for teenagers is tobacco.

True

False

Question 43

Inspection of self-report data such as that found in the Monitoring the Future reports indicate that teen drug use is indeed rampant, as suggested by the media.

True

False

Question 44

cocaine

heroin

methamphetamine

none of the above

Question 45

According to the text, schizophrenia in American drug policy refers to the fact that:

schizophrenia is a leading cause of drug use

schizophrenia results from drug use

American culture is ambivalent about drug usage (e.g., some drugs are promoted while others are prohibited)

the response to drugs is split between treatment and enforcement efforts

Question 46

In most cities more than one-half of juvenile arrestees test positive for recent use of marijuana.

True

False

Question 47

Marijuana use by 12th graders increased between 2005 and 2010.

True

False

Question 48

Surveys about the availability of illicit drugs show that such drugs are relatively easy to obtain.

True

False

Question 49

Much of the information about drug treatment program effectiveness actually comes from research on adult treatment programs.

True

False

Question 50

According to the text, in order to be effective, drug treatment needs to be voluntary.

True

False

CJ 115
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