CJ 115 Quiz 1

CJ 115 Quiz 1


T
Asked by 2 years ago
0 points

Question 1

A youth who commits armed robbery falls most directly under which definition of delinquent?

A youth who commits armed robbery falls most directly under which definition of delinquent?

criminal law

status offense

criminological

any two of the above

Question 2

A youth who frequently skips school falls most directly under which definition of delinquent?

A youth who frequently skips school falls most directly under which definition of delinquent?

criminal law

status offense

criminological

any two of the above

Question 3

One mechanism for processing youths in adult court even though they have not reached the normal age for adult court eligibility is:

transformation

transfer

adjudication

termination

Question 4

A separate system for dealing with juveniles, juvenile court, actually dates back to colonial timesabout 1650.

True

False

Question 5

Traditionally, juvenile court has handled both delinquents and youths who misbehave (skip school or run away from home).

True

False

Question 6

Which of the following is not a major source of data on the extent of delinquency?

Uniform Crime Reports

self-report surveys

juvenile court statistics

public opinion polls

Question 7

Which of the following is most likely to suggest that nearly all youths are delinquent, that everybody does it?

some official statistics

some self-report surveys

victimization surveys

none of the above

Question 8

Approximately _______ percent of all crimes are cleared by an arrest.

10

20

25

50

Question 9

A status offender is any youth who commits an offense because the youth is in a certain status or category, namely, the status of being a youth.

True

False

Question 10

In all states, age 18 is the age at which juvenile court jurisdiction ends.

True

False

Question 11

The term official delinquency statistics refers to the Uniform Crime Reports and court and correctional statistics.

True

False

Question 12

Juveniles account for approximately _______ percent of property crime arrests reported to the FBI.

5

10

25

35

Question 13

The dark figure of crime means that:

police try to keep accurate crime counts hidden from the public

crime statistics show the negative aspects of American society

not all crime is reported

none of the above

Question 14

Which of the following is not a problem with the Uniform Crime Reports?

Not all crimes are reported to the police.

Youths sometimes exaggerate how much crime they commit.

Police are not always accurate in reporting their data to the FBI.

They do not give complete information on offenders.

Question 15

In 2007, approximately ________ youths reached juvenile court for a delinquency offense.

500,000

1 million

1.7 million

  1. 6 million

Question 16

Approximately ________ percent of the youths in public correctional facilities are male.

50

60

75

85

Question 17

About ________ percent of the youths in public correctional facilities are female.

14

24

34

44

Question 18

Which of the following statements is the most accurate description of the extent of delinquency?

Almost every youth is a delinquent.

Almost every minority youth is a delinquent.

Almost every male is a delinquent.

Almost every youth reports some misbehavior.

Question 19

Because of corporate crime scandals such as Enron, fraud is now a Part I crime.

True

False

Question 20

African-American youths represent more than 50 percent of youths arrested for violent crimes in the United States.

True

False

Question 21

White youths make up the vast majority of all juvenile arrestees, about 67 percent.

True

False

Question 22

Certainty that the offender was in fact a juvenile (under 18 at the time of the offense) is most problematic with _________ data.

Uniform Crime Reports

juvenile corrections

self-report

victim survey

Question 23

In 2007, juveniles accounted for about ________ percent of all arrests for violent crimes (murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault).

10

15

25

33

Question 24

Which of the following is/are problematic with self-report surveys?

Some self-report surveys overemphasize status and minor offenses.

Some self-report surveys make it look like every juvenile is a delinquent.

Many are one-shot surveys; they are not repeated every year.

all of the above

Question 25

As in Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) data, males dominate throughout juvenile court statistics.

True

False

Question 26

Killing of female children was most closely related to which practice?

chivalry

serfdom

dowry

agriculture

Question 27

The killing of unwanted children is called:

mercy killing

infanticide

euthanasia

youthanasia

Question 28

In pre-modern times, laws allowed for harsh penalties for youths, including death, and these laws were generally carried out in practice.

True

False

Question 29

Historically, families would hire surrogate mothers called __________ to care for their children.

nannies

guardians

home teachers

wet nurses

Question 30

Due to lack of penalties geared specifically for juvenile offenders, often the laws were not enforced against youths. This is called:

selective enforcement

nullification

discrimination

none of the above

Question 31

In England the ages of _____ and _____ became critical markers of differential treatment.

7; 14

10; 18

12; 16

13; 18

Question 32

Throughout most of history there has always existed such status as child.

True

False

Question 33

Infanticide and abandonment were both ways to deal with unwanted children.

True

False

Question 34

The view that children were just little adults helped to justify both servitude and apprenticeship.

True

False

Question 35

One of the first English institutions to handle problem youths was the ____________.

Tower of London

Bridewell

Buckingham Palace

none of the above

Question 36

The earliest youth institutions in the United States were started in such cities as New York and Boston in about 1825. They were known as:

training schools

houses of refuge

reformatories

youth prisons

Question 37

The model for the new reformatories was the ________ system.

domicile

cottage

family

household

Question 38

In actual practice, the houses of refuge were:

sanctuaries that protected children from the corrupting influences of cities and ineffective parents

military atmosphere facilities

centers of labor exploitation

2 and 3

Question 39

Which of the following was not characteristic of the first juvenile court?

paternalistic judges

an emphasis on assistance

jurisdiction limited to criminal offenses only

extensive use of probation

Question 40

The philosophy of juvenile court was based on the English _________ court.

Chancery

criminal

juvenile

tort

Question 41

The juvenile court had which of the following problems?

lack of personnel

overreliance on volunteers

expanded jurisdiction

all of the above

Question 42

In pre-modern times, which of the following was not a way to deal with the difficulty of supporting unwanted children?

infanticide

abandonment

welfare

apprenticeships

Question 43

England was one of the last countries to develop the notion of childhood.

True

False

Question 44

John Augustus is often credited as the founder of probation.

True

False

Question 45

According to the text, in calling the people who dealt with juveniles and children in the late 1800s and the early 1900s child savers, Platt meant that:

they were sincere reformers

they should be praised for their efforts

they were capitalists trying to mold workers for factory jobs

all of the above

Question 46

The most recent trend in juvenile justice appears to be:

punitive

paternalistic

rehabilitative

none of the above

Question 47

In the nineteenth century, a successful outcome for a problem girl was considered to be marriage and a family.

True

False

Question 48

CJ 115 Quiz 1

I received an A in this class

According to the text, a general assessment of many of the institutions for juveniles in the nineteenth century is that in practice they were little more than prisons.

True

False

Question 49

New York City is credited with the founding of the first juvenile court.

True

False

Question 50

Wet nurses were often surrogate mothers for children.

True

False

CJ 115
theMind

1 Answer

T
Answered by 2 years ago
0 points

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CJ 115 Quiz 1

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Asked: 2 years ago

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