when keys that correspond to consecutive letter names are played sequentially they create a

# when keys that correspond to consecutive letter names are played sequentially they create a

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Timbre is often referred to as _________ color.tone
The English madrigal is characterized by:intensity and intimacy of the choral writing
The soprano register lies between the alto and tenor vocal ranges.False
Conductors interpretationWhether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton is not a decision related to interpretation.
What do you call a piece of music where a violin soloist plays with an orchestra?violin concerto.
The main orchestral string instruments are:Violin, viola, cello, and double bass
The sound of string instruments is produced by a ____ stretched between two points.string
How does a violinist control dynamics?control dynamics by applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings.
The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines __________.volume
single reedclarinet
double reedbassoon and oboe
Which of the following factors contribute to brass instruments having a "brassy" timbre?The instruments are made out of metal. The flared bell that all of them have at the end The vibration of the player's lips on the mouthpiece
Which of the following is a member of the brass family?bass trombones
The name trombone is derived from the Italian term for trumpet.true
Percussion instruments where two similar objects are clapped together to produce a sound can be further classified under the __ groupconcussion
Castanets are non-pitched instrumentstrue
Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:cymbals
The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.false
Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.false
The term controller refers to:The term controller refers to the device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument. Continue
When a harpsichordist depresses a key, a simple mechanism causes a __________ to __________ a stringquill;pluck
The harpsichord was used as an accompanying instrument in opera only in the 16th century.false
All harpsichords use one string per key to produce sound.false
The first known instance of a harpsichord dates from:1397
Upon its invention, the fortepiano eclipsed the popularity of the harpsichord:For the next 200 years
The one-piece cast-iron frame, a crucial development in the history of the piano, was invented by:Alpheus Babcock of Boston, USA in 1825
The upright piano was first developed in:Philadelphia, USA
When performing, pianists are in direct contact with the source of the sound.false
The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal:Moves the hammers closer to the strings
There are ____ keys in a full size piano keyboard.88
In the organ, pipe length determines:pitch
In the organ, volume is determined by:wind pressure
The first organ used water to control wind pressure.true
The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.keyboard;pipes
The function of the organ's stops is to:control the flow of air to the different pipes.
What is the function of the amplifier?amplifies loudness
Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.false
The sound source of a the synthesizer is an oscillator.true
The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.true
If the printed program at a concert indicated that the first movement of a symphony was titled Allegro and the second Andante, you would expect:The first movement to be fast, the second slower
FalseTempo and rhythm are interchangeable terms.
The Italian term for at ease is:Adagio
Rhythm is defined as:The organization of sound in time
A melody consists of a succession of:pitches
When a melody acquires significant importance within a given composition, it is called a:theme
The term harmony refers to the horizontal aspect of musicfalse
Although the violin is mostly a single melody instrument, violinists can also play chords using an instrumental technique known as:double stops
Which of the following terms does not refer to a basic musical texture?Cacophony
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of contrast?strophic
Anicius Boethius invented a system that made possible the memorization and written transmission of melodies.false
Which 8th- and 9th-century ruler had a profound influence on Church music?Charlemagne
Goliards are famous for their inspired performances during the services at the monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos in Spainf
Most of the notated music that survives from the Medieval period is secular in nature.f
Lonin and Protin were two composers associated with Notre Dame and the development of polyphony.t
The two most important French composers of organum and discant during the Medieval period were:Lonin and Protin
Guido d'Arezzo wrote The Fundamentals of Music, a very important medieval treatise (essay).f
Who is credited with the creation of plainsong?Pope Gregory I
The following example was composed by a musician whose career exemplifies the dominance of composers from Northern France and the Netherlands during the Renaissance.Josquin Desprez
One difference between a Renaissance Mass and a motet is:A Mass is always based on a specific text that is part of the liturgy of a given day.
Two important composers from the Renaissance period wereDesprez and Palestrina
The Renaissance period saw inventions and developments that:Changed the physical and intellectual landscape of Europe.
The Renaissance period was known as The Golden Age of Choral Music.t
Venit ad Petrum was often used as the cantus firmus for the mass.t
Despite advances in other areas, Renaissance harmony and polyphony remained restricted to the music rules that governed most of the Medieval period.f
What element of the musical style of the following piece indicates that it is from the Renaissance period rather than the Medieval period?The imitation going through all the voices indicates that it is from the Renaissance period rather than the Medieval period.
Which of the following events occurred in America during the time period known as the Renaissance?Columbus discovered "The New World.
Which of the following is not an overture by Beethoven:pastoral
Beethoven is sometimes referred to as "The Father of the Symphony."f
Sonata-allegro form was used mainly in works for solo piano and did not apply to works for larger ensembles.f
Art music is superior to folk or popular music.f
Form is a way of defining the organization of a piece of music.t
Deep River is a great example of a jazz piece.f
Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat"
The term timbre refers to the different sound sources used in a composition.t
Structure is not a crucial aspect of music.f
The performer acts as a bridge between the composer and the listener.t
According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music.f
Interpretation is one of the composer's most important tasks.f
An understanding of form enhances and improves one's appreciation of music.t
Understanding form is not necessary for enhancing the appreciation of music.f
Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.f
Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.f
The critical listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.f
A rest symbol indicates:A period of silence
In the Western music tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical __________.sound is represented in written form through musical notation.
The text states that __________ is the essential element in music.rhythm
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.f
The value of the _____ note serves as the basis for the relative value of all the other notes.whole
A note's duration is indicated byWhether the note head is filled or not and the number of flags on the stem
Just as there are quarter notes, there are quarter rests.t
Which of the two following statements is true?Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.
Time values in music are expressed in absolute termsf
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates pitch.f
Vibration may be represented in terms of frequency. The basic unit of frequency is called the Hertz. What does one Hertz represent?One cycle per second
The frequency of the lowest sound that the normal human ear can perceive ranges between 16 and 20 Hertz.t
It is very important to recognize that pitch is a relative concept.t
The audible frequency spectrum in humans ranges between:16 and 20,000 Hertz
A long string, if plucked really hard, will vibrate faster and thereby produce a higher pitch than a shorter string.f
The black key to the right of the A on this keyboard can be called A sharp or Bflat
We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names using the letters A through G.t
The pitch letter names correspond to:The white keys on a piano keyboard
The interval between any two adjacent C's on the keyboard is called a/anoctave
If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the right (up) will vibrate:Twice as fast
The black key to the right of G is called Gsharp
The name of the white key in between the group of two black keys on the keyboard is:d
If the frequency of the C in the middle is 256 Hz, the corresponding frequencies on either side of that C are:The correct answer is 512 Hz on the one to the right, and 128 Hz on the one to the left.
When keys that correspond to consecutive letter names are played sequentially they create ascale
The staff is a system of:Five lines and four spaces
Each line and space on the staff represents a different:pitch
The collection of parallel lines and spaces on which notes are written is called notation.f
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration.t
A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff.f
In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by:The position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff
This is the familiar image of a traditional drum set. According to instrument classification by sound source, which of the following groups are represented here?Idiophones and membranophones
The electric guitar can be considered as both a chordophone and a/an:Electrophone
The French technical term for "mouthpiece" is la bouche.f
The name of the composer pictured above, who wrote more than 600 art songs (lieder), is:Franz Schubert
According to the text, composers of the Romantic period were reluctant to stray from the seven tones of the traditional scale (i.e., A, B, C, D, E, F, G).f
According to the text, Romantic composers abandoned the principles of unity and variety in pursuit of more innovative and expressive sounds.f
Notes that don't belong to the traditional scale are known as ______________ alterations.chromatic
Which of the following was not a member of the Five?Pyotr Tchaikovksy
An important Romantic composer founded The New Journal of Music, an influential musical periodical in which this same composer frequently published his own musical criticism and promoted the works of other musicians. His name is:Schumann
The composer pictured above is best known for taking older forms and styles and redefining them in modern ways. Antonn Dvork was inspired by his Hungarian Dance No. 1. What is this composer's name?Brahms
The course places the Romantic period in music between the years:1820 - 1910
This composer pictured above wrote The Blue Danube, arguably the most famous waltz of all time. His name is:Johann Strauss Jr.
According to the text, which of the following are Post-Romantic composers?Rachmaninoff and Holst
From the following composers, select the one that best understood the intrinsic nature and potential of the piano as an expressive instrument:Frdric Chopin
The following difficult piece for the violin was written by one of the few musicians of the time who could play it. Identify this composer.Paganini
Changes in tempo were rarely found in music of the Romantic period, in keeping with Classical period values.f
Who was NOT a nationalist composer?Liszt
A musical genius, but also someone with strong anti-Semitic views, the man pictured above was one of the most influential composers of the Romantic Period. His name is:Richard Wagner
An important artistic product of the Romantic period was:Vincent van Gogh's painting
Who composed the groundbreaking piece The Rite of Spring?Igor Stravinsky
Which of the following movements is associated with Debussy and Ravel?Impressionism
The composers Samuel Barber, Thea Musgrave, and Ned Rorem resisted the 20th-century trend of serialism.t
Which of the following statements best describes the role of technology with regard to art music in the Contemporary period?Technology has enabled art music composers to experiment with and change the way that they create music.
Which of the following was not a French composer?orff
The following piece was written by a leading figure of the post-WWII German avant-garde. Identify this composerKarlheinz Stockhausen
Which of the following composers developed the concept of total theater?orff
Which of the following composers most heavily influenced the music of the French post-WWI school of musicians known as Les Six?Erik Satie
Which of the following composers catapulted to the top of the 20th-century avant-garde after composing Firebird, Petrushka, and Le Sacre du Printemps?Igor Stravinsky
Which of the following best describes aleatory music?Music that allows for an element of chance to enter the performance
Many composers in the contemporary period sought alternatives to tonality, or key-centered music. Which of the following is one such alternative?Serialism
Which characteristic of texture in this example is most closely associated with music of the Contemporary period?Thick texture with full and frequently dissonant chords
Which of the following were important composers in the Contemporary period?Stravinsky and Schoenberg
Given the atonal nature of this example, which of the following is the most likely composer?Schoenberg
Which one of these composers wrote music for prepared piano?John Cage
Which of the following composers was known for using folk-based fiddle tunes like the one in the following example?Aaron Copland
The factor that most clearly distinguishes this example from music of earlier periods is the use of:Extended dissonance that doesn't resolve directly to consonance
Which of the following excerpts is atonal music?b crazy piano
What compositional technique is illustrated by the following excerpt?new ways to manipulate a traditional instrument
The melody of this example suggest that it is from sacred music of the Medieval period because...Major and minor tonalities did not exist in the Medieval period. The melody of this example suggest that it is from sacred music of the Medieval period because it mostly moves stepwise and has a small range.
This excerpt is an example of a medieval religious type of composition known asgregorian chant
A characteristic of this excerpt that suggests it is from a medieval Mass is:The smooth melodic lines and unstressed rhythm
Which of the following factors most strongly suggests that this piece is an example of secular music?irregular rhythms
Guido d'Arezzo wrote The Fundamentals of Music, a very important medieval treatise (essay).f
In the early days of the church, the only music allowed during the service was:vocal
During the Renaissance, what was the name composers gave to the original chant used as the basis for the main melody in a composition?Cantus firmus
Which time period is generally considered the Renaissance period?1450 - 1600
The Renaissance madrigal was a sacred music form used to convey the meanings behind the poems on which they were based.f
Which of the following excerpts exhibits Baroque rhythmic characteristics?not the chanty one
The earliest surviving operathen called dramma per musicawas written by a member of the Florentine Camerata named:Jacopo Peri
Listen to this music example and answer the following question: Who would be a likely composer for this work?bach or handel
In the Baroque period, music for keyboard...was created mainly for use in instrumental genres such as sonatas, suites, and concertos.
The sacred text and overall musical style of this example suggests that it is part of a/an:Oratorio
A Baroque sonata is...piece for solo instrument or a small group of instruments.
The Baroque concerto is...a piece that contrasts a solo instrument with an ensemble.
Early baroque music is characterized by frequent use of polyphonic texture.f
Which group was credited with inventing the recitative?The Florentine Camerata
Which of the following is NOT a Baroque composer?dufay
A Baroque suite is...a multi-movement instrumental work based on rhythms of popular dances.
This is an example of a new style of opera called opera buffa that emerged during the Classical period. It differed from opera in previous periods because...opera buffa were based on Stories of "real people," and the music was light and humorous.
During the Baroque period, the term sonata was used for musical works __________.to be played
From the Classical period onwards, sonata-allegro form was replaced by other forms as the basis for most instrumental music.f
Suppose you are listening to the first movement of a symphony written in the Classical period. You have heard the first section, in which two themes were introduced, and a second section, in which segments of those themes were expanded and developed. What would you expect next?you would expect a varied repeat of the first section with a return of the two original themes.
Which of the following characteristics are associated with the rococo style?Elegance, delicacy, softness, and playfulness
We can say that the melody in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it is:Angular, jagged, and atonal
We can say that the harmony in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it features:chord accompaniment and clear, strong cadences
when keys
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