lines that create a sense of movement and direction are called

lines that create a sense of movement and direction are called


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A "sequence" in film is:A series of shots edited together that all relate within a specific scene
A color's brightness or dullness is called itsintensity or saturation.
A friend of Claude Monet described his great paintings of Water Lilies, Morning: Willows in the Muse de l'Orangerie as demonstratingBrownian motion
A picture drawn in perspective that employs a single point of vision is called...
A popular drawing medium during the Renaissance consisted of a stylus of gold, silver, or other metal that was dragged across a prepared ground of lead white, bone, and water. This process was calledmetalpoint.
A sculptural space that you can actually enter is referred to asAn environment
A sculptural space that you can actually enter is referred to as _.An environment or installation
A traditional ground for tempera paintings, which consists of a mixture of glue and plaster of Paris or chalk, isgesso.
A woodcut print such as Emile Nolde's Prophet is an example ofa relief print.
A work in which weft yarns of several different colors are manipulated to make a design is calledWeaving
According to Sayre, Jean Dubuffet's Corps de Dame can be read asan attack on academic figure drawing
According to Sayre, our notion of space has changed abruptly and even become "fluid" since the beginning of the twentieth century due to:Einstein's theories.
According to the artist, Nam June Paik's TV Bra for Living Sculpture attempted toHumanize technology
According to the text, lithography was almost dead as an art medium in the 1960s until which person almost single-handedly saved it?June Wayne
According to the text, with which of these artistic movements does Jerry N. Uelsmann's Untitled have the most in common?Surrealism
Alexander Calder's "mobiles," like Untitled, move when air currents move through them, making themkinetic
All fiber arts evolved fromWeaving
All of the following describe Annie Leibovitz's photograph of Karen Finley except which?Its composition is intentionally misleading to the viewer
Allan Kaprow created "assemblages of events performed or perceived in more than one time and place." He called theseHappenings
Although created for different purposes, Barbara Hepworth's Two Figures and the African feast-making spoon share a similar trait. What is it?They are both positive forms that contain negative space.
American glassmaker Louis Comfort Tiffany inspired which design movement?Art Nouveau
Ancient Egyptian stone funerary figures, such as King Menkaure, were carved to bear the spirit of the deceased into the eternity of the afterlife, known as theKa
Another word for a wood-firing kiln, which was a traditional Japanese invention and first used in the U.S. in 1976, isAnagama
Antonio Lopez Garcia's New Refrigerator may seem like odd subject matter for a painting, but it actually falls within a long line of which of these artistic traditions?still-life
Artists can create a sense of luminous materiality in oil painting by brushing thin films of transparent color onto the surface, a process calledglazing.
Artists sometimes choose to paint objects using colors that are not "true" to their optical or local colors. This is an example of the expressive use ofarbitrary color.
As a thrown ceramic vessel, Rose Cabat's Onion Feelie is unique becauseOf its limited functionality
As is common in Japanese art, the Kumano mandala creates the illusion of space by utilizing:oblique projection.
Auguste Rodin's The Burghers of Calais is a remarkable example of which type of sculpture?In-the-round
Backs in Landscape is by which artist that helped transform the craft medium of fiber into a fine art?Magdalena Abakanowicz
Because Gianlorenzo Bernini's David tells a story-of David slaying Goliath-it is said to have a _______ sequence.narrative
Because Gianlorenzo Bernini's David tells a storyof David slaying Goliathit is said to have a _______ sequence.narrative
Because in lithography the printing surface is completely flat, it is referred to asplanographic.
Buon fresco painting can be described asworking with pigment directly into fresh plaster.
By the 19th century, the type of perspective used in paintings such as J.M.W. Turner's Rain, Steam, and Speed-The Great Western Railway had come to dominate the thinking of landscape painters. What type is it?aerial or atmospheric perspective
By the end of the 15th century, artists and collectors such as Vasari had come to recognize that drawings could...
By the late fourteenth century, the African kingdom of Benin had developed tremendous refinement in the art ofBrass casting
Caf Concert is a work by what artist?Georges Seurat.
Case of Bottles by the California Funk artist Robert Arneson illustrates the modeling sculptural process in which medium?Clay
Cassandre's Dubonnet advertisement is a good example ofConstructivist design
Charles and Ray Eames' Side chair, model DCM demonstrates which feature of design in the 1940s and 1950s?Curvilinear Design
Chartres Cathedral's rose window best illustratesradial balance.
Contingent is a typical work by the artistEva Hesse
D. W. Griffith was the first great master of what film process?Editing
DaVinci is largely responsible for formulating the rules of the effects of light and air in the landscape, calledatmospheric perspective.
Despite the success of the daguerreotype, the process had its drawbacks, primarilyThat the image could not be reproduced
Dodging and burning are darkroom processes by which the photographer can manipulate which aspect of a photo?Value
Dry drawing media consists of coloring agents, which are mixed with what to hold them together?binders
Eadward Muybridge's photographs, like Annie G., Cantering, Saddled, are early examples of artistsCapturing an object in motion
Figure of a Woman by Paul Colin probably derives from his____________.association with Josephine Baker and La Revue Ngre
Frank Gehry has been called a postmodern architect, primarily becausehe purposely creates a sense of discontinuity by employing variety over unity.
Frank Lloyd Wright designed several houses that were based on the "vastness of the western landscape" and were "of the land, not just on the land." What did he call this style of house?The Prairie House
Frederick Olmsted conceived of what common architectural concept?The suburb
Gerrit Rietveld's famous Red and Blue Chair is a summation of which principle of design?De Stijl
Gothic cathedrals, such Amiens, shared many characteristics with which earlier style of architecture?Romanesque
Greek figurative sculpture was greatly influenced by Egyptian sculpture. What did the Greeks add?Naturalism
Gustave Caillebotte's Place de l'Europe on a Rainy Day is based on what specific type of perspective?two-point linear perspective
Hans Namuth's photos teach us that Jackson Pollock longed to be involved inthe process of painting.
hat is the binder in "encaustic" pagesso.
Hatching and cross-hatching are ways of turning line into what?volume
Historically, architectural styles and building techniques have been dependent uponEnvironment (the lay of the land and climate) and technology (available materials and the ability to manipulate them)
Hokusai's The Great Wave makes a statement about scale, in part becauseeveryone in Japan knows the scale of Mount Fuji.
Hon'ami Koetsu's Amagumo tea bowl was perfectly made to fit the hand and was made in the early seventeenth century at one of the "Six Ancient Kilns," the traditional centers of what kind of ceramics in Japan?Wood-fired
How can we describe Sol LeWitt's use of line in Wall Drawing No. 681 C?controlled
How did Gothic architects compensate for the lateral thrust of the cathedrals?With flying buttresses
How did Xu Wei, with paintings like Grapes, change traditional Chinese watercolor painting?He introduced a more free-form and expressive style.
How does "assemblage" primarily differ from other sculptural processes?It utilizes "found" objects
How does the use of the "camera obscura" differ from contemporary photography?It reflected but did not "capture" the image
How is performance art different from traditional sculpture?The artist often uses his or her own body in the execution of the piece
How is Sol LeWitt's line best described in his work, Wall Drawing No. 681 C?analytic
Hung Liu studied and taught to paint with a strict classical line that is associated with the style ofRussian Social Realism.
Hung Liu's paintings, such as Three Fujins, rely on contrasts between two very important elementscarefully drawn structural lines and uncontrolled drip lines
If an artist pushes the point of a burin across a metal plate, forcing the metal up in slivers in front of the burin, the process is calledengraving.
Illuminated manuscripts, such as the Lindisfarne Gospels, are described as such because theyare elaborately illustrated and decorated.
Illusionism in fresco painting arguably reached its apogee in which work?Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel ceiling
In 1919, in Weimar, Germany, who founded the influential design school Bauhaus?Walter Gropius
In any type of printmaking, after an initial set of prints is made and the block or plate is destroyed, the set of prints is referred to asan edition.
In Enguerrand Quarton's Coronation of the Virgin, the artist has organized the design of the composition to emphasize the most important part of the composition, which is thecrucifix.
In European fresco painting from the early-Renaissance to the late Baroque, the goal of artists was tocreate the illusion of real space and realistic figures.
In filmmaking, each unbroken, continuous sequence of movie frames with the camera still rolling is called aShot
In Giacometti's Man Pointing, our eye is directed down his right arm and past his pointed finger to some imagined point of interest beyond. This is an example of which formal element?implied line
In Harmony in Red (The Red Room), Henri Matisse deliberately intended to violate the laws of perspective. Why?His interests were in things other than pure verisimilitude.
In her painting, Still Life with Lobster, Anna Vallayer-Coster establishes emphasis throughthe manipulation of light and color.
In House, how does Jaune Quick-to-See Smith evoke the simplicity of traditional Native American lifestyles that have disappeared?simple black outlines and ironic messages
In Kthe Kollwitz's Self-Portrait, Drawing, the artist has revealed the expressive capabilities of what medium?charcoal
In Sky Cathedral the artist Louise Nevelson has combined found materials to create a sculpture. What is this process called?Assemblage
In Steve DiBenedetto's Deliverance, the artist uses what to create a sense of space?overlapping images
In the 15th century in Italy there was a profound redefinition of space with the codification and usage of linear perspective. Some see the same thing happening today withthe increased usage and manipulation of cyberspace and virtual realities.
In the 1660s, who discovered that color is a direct function of light by passing sunlight through a prism and observing the bands of spectrum of colors?Isaac Newton
In the 1940s and 1950s streamlining gave way to a more organic style. What was one of the first examples of this new direction?Russel Wright's American Modern dinnerware
In The Dead Christ, Andrea Mantegna utilizes what technique in order to adjust the distortion created by the point of view?foreshortening
In the Gothic period, when Notre Dame de Paris was built, architects preferred to usePointed arches
In the history of art, the association of good with light and evil with dark was first fully-developed byJohann Wolfgang von Goethe.
In the Rubin vase illustration, the black shape can be seen alternately as a foreground object resembling a vase, or as a background space between two white profiled faces. What is this relationship called?figure-ground reversal
In what way can a large-scale work be considered a "temporal" art form?The spectator moves through time and space to view it.
Is Jane Hammond's Fallen an overall warm or cool "composition"?warm
It is thought that the sloping sides of the pyramids in Egypt were intended to mimicThe rays of the sun
J.M.W. Turner uses two types of perspective in Rain, Steam, and Speed-The Great Western Railway. What are they?atmospheric and one-point
Jacques-Louis David's The Death of Socrates is set up in a system of right angles on a grid structure. How does this affect the content of the piece?it reiterates the rationality of Socrates' actions
Jan Vermeer's Woman Holding a Balance is a perfect example of ____________.an asymmetrically balanced composition
Jane Dickson's Stairwell illustrates which printmaking process, which relies for its effect not on line but on tonal areas of light and dark?aquatint
Jane Hammond's Fallen is made of many pieces, sewn together as a whole. What is it made of?digitally scanned and printed images of a leaf
Johnson and Burgee's University of Houston, College of Architecture is said to be a postmodern building because it:Borrows from many different styles and time periods
June Wayne's Knockout can be interpreted primarily as afeminist artwork whose content references male violence and genetics
Known primarily for color photographs of the natural environment, who is the artist of Porch, Provincetown?Joel Meyerowitz
Le Corbusier was an architect and designer who prioritizedThe manufactured and modular
Leonardo da Vinci made a drawing, Madonna and Child with St. Anne and Infant St. John the Baptist, for a fresco of the same title. This type of drawing is calleda cartoon
Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper is based on what specific type of perspective?one-point linear perspective
Leonardo da Vinci's The Vitruvian Man embodies all of these dualistic relationships exceptthe temporary and the eternal.
Line can be used to delineate edges of form in space, imply movement, and...
Lines that create a sense of movement and direction are calledimplied lines.
Louis Sullivan utilized which type of construction in the late 19th century in Chicago to build increasingly tall buildings?Steel and reinforced concrete
Maidens and Stewards, a Parthenon fragment of the Panathenaic Procession, illustrates what ancient sculptural convention?Frieze
Marilyn Monroe, by Andy Warhol, is an example of what kind of printmaking?silkscreen
Mary Cassatt has manipulated light and color in In the Loge to emphasize thedivision between male and female spaces.
Michelangelo's Head of a Satyr shows the use ofcross-hatching.
Mixed media artists have achieved what important innovation in art?the extension of a painting's "space" from two dimensions to three
Monotype is unique among printmaking processes because it producesonly one print from the plate.
Most ceramic objects are created by one of which three methods?slab construction, coiling, and throwing
Mummy Portrait of a Man was created using what medium?encaustic
Nam June Paik was an innovator in which of these media?Video sculpture
Nancy Holt's Sun Tunnels are generally referred to asEarthworks
Nancy Holt's Sun Tunnels, has much in common with in general.Landscape design
Native Americans used a traditional method for producing pots that did not involve the potter's wheel. What was it?Coiling
Nikolai Buglaj's "Race"ing Sideways is a commentary on the Western convention ofassociating blackness with negative qualities
Notre Dame Cathedral, in Paris, is an example of which architectural style?Gothic
Objects formed out of clay and then hardened by firing are referred to asCeramics
Oil paint is exception in that it allows the user to do all of the following except towork more quickly than in other media.
On axonometric projection, all lines indicating height, width, and depth remainparallel.
On Newton's color wheel, colors that lie directly between a secondary and primary are calledintermediate colors.
On the color wheel, blues and greens are usually thought of ascool colors
One of the chief tools employed by artists of the Renaissance to show the effects of light ischiaroscuro.
One of the complex aspects of wood carving that a sculptor must pay attention to isThe wood's grain
One of the greatest of the early masters of the intaglio process was the artistAlbrecht Drer.
One of the greatest of the early masters of the intaglio process was the artistAlbrecht Drer
Originally, when an artist worked in "the crafts," it meant that theyProduced functional objects
Painter Helen Frankenthaler moved from staining her canvases with oil to using which painting medium?acrylic
Painting was largely considered a craft, lesser than other "arts" like poetry and music, untilthe Renaissance.
Paintings that consist of three painted panels, such as The Annunciation [Mrode Altarpiece] by Robert Campin, are calledtriptychs.
Pat Steir's series The Drawing Lesson Part 1, Line # 1 is about various artists'unique expressive lines
Paul Strand's Abstraction, Porch Shadows reflects a 20th century effort to challenge the viewer' perspective withodd or distorted perspective.
Perfecting the photographic process, Louis Daguerre, in Le Boulevard du Temple, was able to include what in his photographs?People
Peter Halley's Exploding Cell is an example of what kind of printmaking?silkscreen
Pliable clay is made to hold its form permanently through the process ofFiring it
Proportion is defined asthe relationship between the parts to each other and the whole in a composition.
Proportion is defined asthe relationship between the parts to each other and the whole in a composition
Repetition often implies monotony, yet it also creates a sense ofrhythm.
Richard Serra's The Matter of Time isA series of installations
Robert Rauschenberg's performance art can be said to be disjunctive and almost random. Which of these best describes the real value in his performances?They challenge our senses and our expectations about the nature of art itself
Robie House is a typical work by the architectFrank Lloyd Wright
Romans first invented _ by manipulating hot liquid, made of silica and soda ash, into forms.Glassblowing
Silkscreen printing, previously used in commercial packaging, was first used as an art medium inmid-20th century in the United States.
Silkscreen printing, previously used in commercial packaging, was first used as an art medium inmid-20th century in United States
Since the late 1960s, one of the focuses of modern sculpture has been the creation of large out-of-doors environments, constructed from natural materials...generally referred to as-Earthworks
Some works of art are created precisely to give us the illusion or sensation of movement. This style of art is calledOp Art.
Sound was introduced into film in what year?1927
Stained glass was first developedIn the 12th century, commissioned by Abbot Suger for Saint-Denis
Still images from the film Battleship Potemkin demonstrate the montage technique of which filmmaker?Sergei Eisenstein
The Anasazi cliffside caves at Mesa Verde show the roofs of what elements which are the underground spaces for ceremonial life?Kivas
The artist Artemisia Gentileschi heightens the drama of Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes by using a technique that comes from an Italian word meaning "murky." This technique is calledtenebrism.
The artist often credited with inventing collage is?Pablo Picasso
The artist that painted Le Chahut (The Can-Can) was interested in harmonizing complementary colors. The resulting process came to be known aspointillism.
The artist who felt that a cut line made with scissors could acquire more feeling than a pencil or charcoal was...
The Arts and Crafts Movement was started in England byWilliam Morris
The author describes Chuck Close's painting Stanley as"layered" pointillism.
The background mountains in DaVinci's Madonna of the Rocks provide a perfect example of...
The background mountains in DaVinci's Madonna of the Rocks provide a perfect example of...
The BauhausWas an influential design school in Germany
The Bent-Corner Chest is carved from cedar, a wood that is native to which region and favored by Native American artists there?The Northwest American Coast
The Bodhisattva, painted with the technique of fresco secco, is remarkable becauseit is so well-preserved since it was painted in such a dry environment.
The city of Chamba, India is famous for its embroidered muslin textiles calledRumals
The designer of Does It Make Sense?, April Greiman, is a pioneer in the field ofDigital technology in advertising
The device invented in the sixteenth century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world is calledCamera obscura
The Diamond Sutra is remarkable becauseit is the frontispiece for the earliest known printed book.
The dimensions of an object, in relation to some constant, such as the human figure, are known as its...
The dimensions of an object, in relation to some constant, such as the human figure, are known as itsproportions
The drawings by William Cameron Menzies are examples of a vital part of the film-making process calledStoryboards
The Egyptian limestone carving, Senwosret I led by Atum to AmunRe, is an example ofLow relief sculpture
The first American film to fully utilize "every known trick of the filmmaker's trade," resulting in a masterful work, wasCitizen Kane
The first fins to appear on an automobile were on the 1959 Cadillac Fleetwood. Its designer, Harley Earl, was inspired byThe design of the P-38 "Lightning" fighter plane
The Futurists were interested in many new aspects of the twentieth century including:The fast moving pace of civilization
The Greek Kouros illustrates the idea of shifting or counter positioning weight around the axis of the spine in figurative sculpture. This pose is calledContrapposto
The idea of film as art flourished after World War 2 with the likes of auteurs such asFederico Fellini and Ingmar Bergman
The International Style is a type of architecture marked byAustere geometric simplicity
The Japanese print by Utamaro, titled The Fickle Type, represents what type of printmaking?ukiyo-e
The Japanese Tea Ceremony is a ritual that encourages the adherent to "leave the concerns of the daily world behind and enter a timeless world of ease, harmony, and mutual respect." Which of these ceramic pieces would be used in such a practice?Hon'ami Koetsu's Amagumo
The Kente cloths of the Asante and Ewe societies of Ghana provide a perfect example of which art element?pattern
The longest continuously practiced (from 40,000 years ago to present) artistic tradition in the world comes fromAustralian Aborigines
The material most often associated with the process of "casting" isBronze
The organization of visual elements in an artwork is calleda composition.
The page opening of The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer Newly Augmented was designed byWilliam Morris
The painting process that allows for a continuous blending of tones and hues on the painting surface is calledoil painting.
The Pont du Gard, in Nmes, France, is an excellent example of which element of architecture?Arch
The range of colors that an artist has preferred to use in a work is referred to as thepalette.
The Romans created larger interior spaces in architecture than the Greeks becauseThey combined the use of the arch with the use of concrete
The Romans perfected which architectural innovation by the end of the first century bce?The dome
The sculptural material most commonly associated with "modeling" or additive processes isClay
The Seagram Building, designed by Philip Johnson and Mies van der Rohe, is a perfect example of __________The international style
The Starry Night, by Vincent van Gogh, indicates the power of the artist'sexpressive line.
The streamlined car that was inspired by Norman Bel Geddes, received much acclaim, and ultimately flopped was:The Chrysler Airflow
The subject matter of An-My L's Small Wars (ambushI) involves a group of men who meet regularly meet to re-enact the Vietnam War. What is the content?Calling into question the legacy of the conflict
The systematic and repetitive use of the same motif or design creates a pattern on the pages of the Lindisfarne Gospels, illustrates that pattern is an especially importantdecorative tool.
The systematic and repetitive use of the same motif or design creates a pattern on the pages of the Lindisfarne Gospels, illustrates that pattern is an especially importantdecorative tool
The Taj Mahal is a perfect example ofsymmetry.
The Taj Mahal is a perfect example ofsymmetry
The Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahanas a mausoleum for his favorite wife.
The technique of sewing buttons on to linen, used by Marilyn Lanfear in Aunt Billie, is most closely related to which of these traditional techniques?Mosaic
The techniques employed by Jerry N. Uelsmann's in photographs like Untitled can best be described asCollage
The textile design by Anni Albers found in the text was inspired by which source?Wolfgang von Goethe's Metamorphosis of Plants
The Tomb of Emperor Qin Shihuangdi shows an extraordinary grouping of what type of work?Ceramics
The wet-plate collodion photographic process was introduced byFrederick Archer
The word paper is derived fromEgyptian papyrus
The World of Tomorrow, the 1939 New York Worlds Fair, presented an optimistic view of the future immediately following what devastating event?The Great Depression
The Yoruba Display Piece produced for an oba, or king, is meant to reflect the king's power andThe power of the community's women
There is a contradiction in the appearance of Martin Puryear's Self. What is it?It is much lighter than it appears, because it is hollow.
Thick paint applied to a canvas, like on Robert Ryman's Long, creates actual texture known asimpasto
This artist created a functional salt cellar of gold and enamel depicting the gods Neptune and TellusBenvenuto Cellini
Thomas Coram's View of Mulberry House and Street is a good example ofArchitecture conforming to its local environment and available technology
Titian's Assumption and Consecration of the Virgin demonstrates the power of:lines of sight.
To Walter Gropius, the founder of the Bauhaus school, what was the ultimate creative activity?Architecture
Two artists who worked together to promote the style called Cubism were:Braque and Picasso
Two Courtesans, Inside and Outside the Display Window by Suzuki Harunobu is an example of what kind of art?Japanese nikishi-e
Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus design school, believed that "the ultimate aim of all creative activity isThe building
Watercolor painting is such a spontaneous process that many people think of it asa tool for sketching.
We can trace the earliest distinction between the crafts and fine arts to...
What 19th century photographer is responsible for developing the "calotype" process, which is the basis for modern photography?William Henry Fox Talbot
What advantage does the "arch" have over "post and lintel" construction?Greater distances could be spanned between posts
What building method was used for the construction of the Egyptian pyramids?Load bearing
What cultural conventions did Robert Mapplethorpe challenge in his photographic portrait of female bodybuilder, Lisa Lyon?the traditional representation of the female nude
What do Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty and the Great Serpent Mound have in common?They are both earthworks
What is a term that describes an artist's attempt to draw our eyes to one area of a composition?emphasis
What is associated with the beautifying of utilitarian objects due to its application to crafts, folk art, and women's work?femmage
What is defined as the size of the opening in the lens when exposing a photograph to light?Aperture
What is generally the preferred medium of Andy Goldsworthy?natural materials found on-site
What is the binder in "encaustic" painting?wax
What is the chief advantage of acrylic paint over oil paint?It is longer-lasting.
What is the chief advantage of oilstick over pastels?more gestural freedom
What is the chief advantage of printmaking over other media?the artist can make multiple copies of a single image
What is the chosen medium of the sculptor Dan Flavin?fluorescent lighting
What is the main advantage of linocut over woodcut printmaking?it is easier to cut into linoleum than wood
What is the main advantage of using oil paint over other paint media?It dries slower allowing for more naturalistic development.
What is the metaphorical significance of the carved sculpture, Feast Making Spoon, from the Ivory Coast?It represents the power of the imagination to transform an everyday object into a symbolically charged container of social good.
What is the most obvious visual element in Matisse's Harmony in Red (The Red Room)?its lack of special depth
What is the narrative related by Marjane Satrapi in the graphic novel Persepolis?it is the author's story of growing up in Iran and the difficulties she faced as Western and Eastern cultures collided
What is the primary subject matter of sculptor Dan Flavin?light and color
What is the process that assures that the colors of a linocut or other relief print will align perfectly?Registration
What is the subject matter of Isidro Escamilla's Virgin of Guadalupe?It depicts the Virgin Mary at Tepayac.
What is the substance in paint that holds the particles of pigment together and often defines the characteristics of the various painting media?binder
What is unique about the 1960-70s performances of Trisha Brown's dance company?They danced on walls while suspended from the ceiling
What printmaking technique was used in The Nuremberg Chronicle?woodcut
What technique was used in creating Tutankhamun Hunting Ostriches from His Chariot?Repousse and embossing
What was early paper in the West made of?cloth rags
What was made famous by the ancient Greeks as a model of architectural proportion?...
What was made famous by the ancient Greeks as a model of architectural proportion?...
What was the earliest printmaking technique used in the West?woodcut
What was the inspiration for Grace Ndiritu's Still Life: White Textiles?an exhibition of work by Henri Matisse in 2005 in London
What were the visual characteristics of art and design produced by the Dutch art group known as De Stijl?They eliminated all colors except primaries and black and white
When a sculpture is created by building up the form with a material such as clay, the process is calledAdditive
When a style of line becomes associated as an artist's work, we say it isautographic.
When an artist deliberately avoids emphasis, we say that the work isafocal.
When an artist paints with a mixture of watercolor pigment and Chinese white chalk, the process is calledgouache.
When and where was linear perspective first codified (studied, organized, and written down)?during the Renaissance in Italy
When and where was porcelain developed?In 7th century China
When and where was printmaking first developed?in the 9th century in China
When and where were the earliest photographs developed?In the 19th century in France and England
When dealing with balance in a composition, an artist or designer is actually dealing withvisual weight.
When did artists in the Western world first have ready access to paper?in Italy in the early Renaissance
When each side of a composition is exactly the same, it showsabsolute symmetry.
When each side of a composition is exactly the same, it showsabsolute symmetry
When ink is diluted with water and applied in broad flat areas, the result is called awash
When was the The Nuremberg Chronicle printed and what is its subject matter?in the 15th century and it is a history of the world to that point
Where did Marjane Satrapi draw the title of her graphic novel Persepolis?from the comic book name for New York City
Where does that author say that the focal point in Larry Poons's Orange Crush is?there is no focal point
Where is the focal point in Giotto's Lamentation?Jesus' head
Where is the focal point in the Baroque painting, Joseph the Carpenter by Georges de La Tour?In the child's (Jesus's) face
Where is the negative space in the Rubin vase?in both, depending on how you look at it
Where is the vanishing point in Duccio's Perspective Analysis of Annunciation of the Death of the Virgin, from the Maest Altarpiece?at several points in the composition
Where is the vanishing point in The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci?at Jesus' head
Where was constructivism developed?Russia
Which artist, best known for expanding the traditional limitations of artistic media, created TV Bra for Living Sculpture?Nam June Paik
Which designer was influential in making streamlining a national obsession?Norman Bel Geddes
Which famous French illustrator created Rue Transnonain?Honor Daumier
Which is the most obvious difference between Bernini and Michelangelo's David?Bernini's David is caught in the midst of action.
Which is the most obvious difference between Bernini and Michelangelo's David?Bernini's David is caught in the midst of action
Which nineteenth-century building by Joseph Paxton could be considered an early example of the relationship between new technology and architecture?The Crystal Palace
Which of the artists below created a work titled Piet?Michelangelo
Which of the following is a form of soft carbon discovered in England in 1564?Graphite
Which of the following is an example of relief printmaking?woodcut
Which of the following is not an aspect of texture?content
Which of these best describes Frank Gehry's design process?It is fluid and experimental
Which of these best describes the Australian Mimis and kangaroo rock art?they are layered images, done many years apart, with the kangaroos on the top layer executed in the X-ray style.
Which of these is not a basic principle of "green architecture"?Buildings that make maximum use of energy supplies like coal and nuclear power
Which of these is not a component of painting?vanitas
Which of these pieces best illustrates the use of "variety" over "unity"?Louise Lawler's Pollock and Tureen
Which of these pieces illustrates the use of "expressive" line?Van Gogh's The Starry Night
Which of these previous architectural styles does Emilio Ambasz's ACROS building most resemble?Mesopotamian ziggurats
Which of these processes best describes the one used by Rodin in sculpting The Burghers of Calais?It was cast in several pieces and then welded together.
Which of these statements about drawing is not true?It is now, and always has been, exclusively, a means of pure representation.
Which of these statements is NOT true about the Qing Dynasty masterpiece Yu the Great Taming the Waters?It is carved into the largest piece of marble ever quarried
Which of these visual elements is most obvious in Andy Goldsworthy's Hazel Leaves?line
Which of these was normal subject matter and ukiyo-e or nishiki-e prints?women engaged in everyday activities
Which work was the centerpiece for the 1889 Paris Exposition?The Eiffel Tower
Whitfield Lovell's Whispers from the Walls is an example ofinstallation art.
Who developed the "zone system" in photography?Ansel Adams and Fred Archer
Who drew Banana Flower?Georgia O'Keeffe
Who painted The Glorification of Saint Ignatius for the Church of Sant' Ignazio in Rome?Fra Andrea Pozzo
Winslow Homer's A Wall, Nassau was made usingArtists can create a sense of luminous materiality in oil paintin
Winslow Homer's A Wall, Nassau was made usingat is the chief advantage of acrylic
Winslow Homer's A Wall, Nassau was made usingwatercolor washes.
Wood and stone carvings are examples ofSubtractive sculpture
...Japanese nikishi-e
Renzo Piano's Jean-Marie Tjibaou Cultural Center is an example of "green architecture." Such buildings are praised for their:Self-Sufficient
Jasper Johns chose to paint his image of the American flag to express:his proclivity for things seen but not examined
The imagery in Faith Ringgold's God Bless America was inspired by the:Civil Rights movement in the 1960s.
What is the function of the nsiki nkonde figure?it pursued wrongdoers at night and punished them when nails were driven into it
According to Sayre what are the three steps in the process of "seeing"?reception, extraction, inference
What might have affected Pablo Picasso's severe style of representation seen in The Women of Avignon?African masks he saw at a Paris museum
Objects that are intended to stimulate a sense of beauty in the viewer are thought to be _______ rather than functional.aesthetic
We can clearly see the artistic impulse to "give form to the immaterial," to represent hidden or universal truths, spiritual forces, and personal feelings in:religious art
Sayre states that he believes that all people are creative, but artists possess qualities that most don't. Which of the following best describes these qualities?artist are critical thinkers, meaning they question assumptions and explore new directions
Which of these is not a principle of "green architecture"?architects look to continue to use building techniques and materials that have been in use since the Industrial Revolution in the West
Jan van Eyck's Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife Giovanna Cenami depicts many objects that have symbolic meaning. The use or study of these symbols is called:iconography.
While in prison, Howling Wolf made many drawings calledledger drawings.
Beatriz Milhazes' Carambola is based onthe shapes, forms, and bright colors of Brazilian culture
Which of these statements best defines visual literacy?the ability to recognize, understand, and communicate the meaning of visual images
The symbolic hand gestures that refer to specific states of mind or events in the life of Buddha are calledMundra
The terms naturalistic or realistic art are sometimes used to describeRepresentational Art
Why are images of humans traditionally banned in Islamic art?Depicting a human is thought to be competing with the "creator
In a work of art, "content" refers towhat the work expresses or means.
What is the subject matter of Shirin Neshat's Rebellious Silence?it depicts a Muslim woman in a black chador, a rifle dividing, and Farsi text inscribed over her face
What is the content of Albert Bierstadt's Rocky Mountains?It is a sublime representation of the mountain range that can be seen to encompass the spirit and character of the American West
In 1863, Edouard Manet's Djeuner sur l'herbe was rejected by the public due to itsmodernity
Maya Ying Lin's Memorial in Washington, D.C.was controversial at first because of its non-traditional style.
Considered a masterpiece of Renaissance art, Michelangelo's David came under attack upon first viewing due to itspolitical symbolism.
According to the National Endowment for the Arts what activist role should artists take?They should educate the public about the value of art.
Which artwork was described as "an explosion in a shingle factory"?Marcel Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase
Historically, why do many people receive new and innovative work with reservation?They have little context in which to view the work.
How is Maya Ying Lin's Vietnam Memorial similar to works by Edouard Manet and Marcel Duchamp?All were initially misunderstood by the public.
Which sculptor eventually saw his controversial work destroyed?Richard Serra
Etienne-Jules Marey was a pioneer in the then burgeoning art of what?Motion Pictures
What motivates artists like Krzysztof Wodiczko, Guillermo Gmez-Pea, and Suzanne Lacy?socio-cultural issues
The Starry Night, by Vincent van Gogh, indicates the power of the artist'sExpressive line
Pat Steir's series The Drawing Lesson Part 1, Line # 1 is about various artists'Unique expressives lines
Hung Liu's paintings, such as Three Fujins, rely on contrasts between two very important elementsdrawn structural lines and uncontrolled drip lines
The organization of visual elements in an artwork is calleda composition
In House, how does Jaune Quick-to-See Smith evoke the simplicity of traditional Native American lifestyles that have disappeared?simple black outlines and ironic messages
What is generally the preferred medium of Andy GoldsworthyNatural materials found on site
In Giacometti's Man Pointing, our eye is directed down his right arm and past his pointed finger to some imagined point of interest beyond. This is an example of which formal element?implied line
Line can be used to delineate edges of form in space, imply movement, andcreate value by hatching and cross-hatching
How can we describe Sol LeWitt's use of line in Wall Drawing No. 681 C?controlled
Jacques-Louis David's The Death of Socrates is set up in a system of right angles on a grid structure. How does this affect the content of the piece?it reiterates the rationality of Socrates' actions
Although created for different purposes, Barbara Hepworth's Two Figures and the African feast-making spoon share a similar trait. What is it?They are both positive forms that contain negative space.
In Harmony in Red (The Red Room), Henri Matisse deliberately intended to violate the laws of perspective. Why?His interests were in things other than pure verisimilitude.
In The Dead Christ, Andrea Mantegna utilizes what technique in order to adjust the distortion created by the point of view?foreshortening
Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper is based on what specific type of perspective?one point linear perspectives
What is the metaphorical significance of the carved sculpture, Feast Making Spoon, from the Ivory CoastIt represents the power of the imagination to transform an everyday object into a symbolically charged container of social good.
When and where was linear perspective first codified (studied, organized, and written down)?during the Renaissance in Italy
Where is the negative space in the Rubin vase?in both depending on how you look at it
Where is the vanishing point in The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci?At Jesus's Head
Why is the stereoscope such an effective means of describing "real" space?It mimics binocular visions
According to Sayre, our notion of space has changed abruptly and even become "fluid" since the beginning of the twentieth century due toEinsteins Theories
Renzo Piano's Jean-Marie Tjibaou Cultural Center is an example of "green architecture." Such buildings are praised for their:Sel-Sufficiency
Jasper Johns chose to paint his image of the American flag to express:His proclivity for things seen bu not examined
The imagery in Faith Ringgold's God Bless America was inspired by the:Civil Rights Movement in the 1960's
What is the function of the nsiki nkonde figure?It pursued wrongdoers at night and punished them when nails were driven into it
According to Sayre, what are the steps in the process of "Seeing"?Reception, Extraction, Inference
Portraiture, such as John Ahearn and Rigoberto Torres' Pat is an example of what?Artists making a visual record of the people, places, and events in their time and place
Jan and Hubert van Eyck's The Ghent Altarpiece is an example of what?Artists giving form to the immaterial; hidden or universal truths, spiritual forces, personal feelings
Kane Kwei's Coffin Orrange in the Shape of a Cocoa Pod is an example of what?Artists making functional objects and structures more pleasurable and elevating them or imbuing them with meaning
Where does Japanese artist Yayoi Kusama draw inspiration for her work?From the very personal visual and existential experiences of her surroundings
Where did Picasso draw inspiration for the faces of the female figures on the right side of the composition of Les Demoiselles d'Avignon?African ritual masks
Jan van Eyck's Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife Giovanna Cenami depicts may objects that have symbolic meaning. The use or study of these symbols is called what?Iconography
While in prison, Howling Wolf made many drawings called what?Ledger drawings
Beatriz Milhazez' Carambola is based on what?The shapes, forms, and bright colors of Brazillian culture
When a work of art such as Kasimir Malevich's Suprematist Painting, Black Rectangle, Blue Triangle (p. 29) shows no reference to the natural world of images, it is usually called:Nonrepresentational
Which of these statements best defines visual literacy?The ability to recognize, understand, and communicate the meaning of visual images
Rene Magritte's The Treason of Images asks us to consider__________.that images and words refer to things that we see, but are not the things themselves
The terms naturalistic or realistic art are sometimes used to describe what?Representational Art
In a work of art, "form" refers to what?The way it looks
In a work of art, "content" refers to what?What the work expresses or means
What is the content of Albert Bierstadt's Rocky Mountains?It is a sublime representation of the mountain range that can be seen to encompass the spirit and character of the American West
In 1863, Edouard Manet's Dejeuner su l'herbe was rejected by the public due to its what?Modernity
Maya Lin's Memorial in Washington, DC:Was controversial at first because of its non-traditional style
Considered a masterpiece of Renaissance art, Michaelangelo's David came under attack upon first viewing due to its what?Political Symbolism
Chris Ofili's The Holy Virgin Mary displays two aspects of the artist's life - his African heritage and what else?His catholic upbringing
Guillermo Gomez-Penas's The Temple of Confessions can be defined as what kind of art?Performance and installation
Which artwork was described as "an explosion in a shingle factory"?Marcel Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase
Historically, why do many people receive new and innovative work with reservation?They have little context in which to view the work
Which sculptor eventually saw his controversial work destroyed?Richard Serra
In chapter three, Sayre discusses two ways of valuing art. What are they?Monetary and Intrinsic
What is it that motivates most collectors to buy contemporary art?The pleasure of owning art and the prestige it confers upon them
The organization of visual elements in an artwork is called what?A Composition
In Giacometti's Man Pointing, our eye is directed down his right arm and past his pointed finger to some imagined point of interest beyond. This is an example of which formal element?Implied Line
Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper is based on what specific type of perspective?One-Point Linear Perspective
In Steve DiBenedetto's Deliverance, the artist uses what to create a sense of space?Overlapping images
In the Rubin vase illustration, the black shape can be seen alternately as a foreground object resembling a vase, or as a background space between two white profiled faces. What is this relationship called?Figure-ground reversal
A color's brightness or dullness is called it's what?Intensity or saturation
With atmospheric perspective, objects further from the viewer appear what?Cooler and less distinct
What is yellow's complementary color?Violet
Alexander Calder's "mobiles," like Untitled, move when air currents move through them making them what?Kinetic
Which of the following is not an aspect of texture?Content
The process of organizing the formal elements of art into a unified composition is called what?Design
Jan Vermeer's Woman Holding a Balance is a perfect example of what?An asymmetrically balanced composition
In her painting, Still Life with Lobster, Anna Vallayer-Coster establishes emphasis through what?The manipulation of light and color
When dealing with balance in a composition, an artist or designer is actually dealing with what?Visual weight
What is the term that describes an artist's attempt to draw our eyes to one area of a composition?Emphasis
Repetition often implies monotony, yet it also creates a sense of what?Rhythm
When each side of a composition is exactly the same, it shows what?Absolute symmetry
The dimensions of an object, in relation to some constant, such as the human figure are known as its what?Scale
Proportion is defined as what?The relationship between the parts to each other and the whole in a composition
Where is the focal point in the Baroque painting, Joseph the Carpenter by Georges de La Tour?In the child's (Jesus's) face
To abstract means to extract _______ of an idea or an objectthe essence
Works of art that represent everyday life, such as Pierre Augusta Renoir's Luncheon of the Boating Party are called _______.Genre
Historically, why has the public received new and innovative work with such reservation?there is little historical context to judge against
Many kinetic works of art utilize movement to create what type of line?contour line
When an artist deliberately avoids emphasis, we say that it is:afocal
There are two basic processes to seeing. The first is _______, the second is psychological.physiological
The less a work of art resembles things in the real world, the more ________ it is said to be.nonobjective
When we refer to a work of arts _______, we mean everything from the materials used to make it, to the way its elements are organizedcomposition
The gradual transition from light to dark in a painting was referred to by Renaissance artists as ________.chiaroscuro
is a painting technique where each brushstroke is so heavy that it seems to have a body of its own.impasto
Repetition often implies monotony, yet it can create a sense of __________.rhythm
____________ can be actual, visual or a patterned surface quality.texture
What term is used when someone imposes his or her own meanings and prejudices onto the art of another culture?ethnocentric
From the Italian word meaning murky, a heightened form of chiaroscuro.tenebrism
A form of representation that attempts to depict the object as if it were actually present before the eye in three dimensional space; literally "eye fooling"trompe I'oeil
List 5 functions of line.outline, form, movement, emphasis, direction, pattern, texture, modeling
List 5 varieties or kinds of linethick, thinstraight, longshort, smoothatigated, freeformdivisonal, connectingmovement, directional
______ is a term that describes an artist's attempt to draw our eyes to one area of a composition.emphasis
The dimensions of an object, in relation to some constant, such as the human figure, is called:scale
Types of line include:contour, actual, implied, etc.
The visual element of shape is defined by:geometric and organic forms
One of the chief tools employed by artists of the Renaissance to render the effects of light is:chiaroscuro
Lines that are suggested but not literally visible are called: a. contour lines b. chiaroscuro linesimplied lines
On the color wheel, blues and greens are usually thought of as:cool colors
Who introduced a bill to Congress prohibiting the use of NEA funds for "dissemination, promotion, or production of obscene or indecent materials, or materials denigrating a particular religion?Jesse Helms
According to psychologists the average person can distinguish _____ steps of gray from white to black9
any hue plus white is a colors:Hue
any hue plus black is a colors:Shade
relative value of a color in gray scale is:tone
the relative lightness or darkness of a color is its:Value
relative purity, chroma, or saturation of a color is its:Intenisty
the standard name of a color is:Hue
The basic principles of design are:unity, variety, balance, emphasis, focal point, proportion, scale, rhythm
The visual elements that artists use to make any work of art are:line, shape, light, value, texture, space, color
Themes are:religion, birth, death, marriage, etc.
To evaluate a work of art properly we must deal with it in the context of:the society that produced it
According to Sayre, what are the three steps in the process of "seeing"?reception, extration, inference
Aesthetics is defined as an urge to respond:to that which we find beautiful
Naturalistic or figurative art is sometimes used to describe:representational art
To abstract means to extract _______ of an idea or an object.the essence
In a work of art "content refers to the:way the work looks
Objects which are intended to stimulate a sense of beauty in the viewer are thought to be _______ rather than functionalaesthetic
The artist's relation to the public often depends upon how it viewswhat the artist is trying to say.
When artist are interested in harmonizing complementary colors by painting with dots of pure color it is known as:pointillism
On an RYB circle, colors that lie directly between a secondary and primary are called:tertiary or intermidiate
What happens when all the different spectrum colors of Light are mixed together?white
The human eye can distinguish up to how many colors?10 million
Additive colors are?green, blue, and red
_____ refers to the characteristic ways in which artist express themselves.style
NY cartoonist and invented what we think of Santa Claus?Thomas Nass
Art that depicts little moments of everyday life and its surroundings is?genre
The color in paint derives from its?pigment
Which painting medium is similar to watercolor, but mixed with an opaque ingredient such as chalk?gouache
Which medium can capture the most intricate details because of its pliable nature?oil
In which painting technique is paint applied to damp plaster?fresco
When using which technique is the pigment in a wax vehicle and heated to a liquid state?encaustic
Which painting technique offers many of the advantages of oil paint but "without the mess"?acrylic
Visual balance is achieved by:canons
Another name for visual elements is:plastic elements
is people or events that have a consistent symbolic meaning.allegory
As in Suney, Olafur Eliasson is known for mainly using what "materials" in his work?light
1. With the technique of fresco secco, as illustrated in the Ajanta Buddhist caves, the artistapplies the paint into fresh plaster making the painting very durable.
lines that
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