which of the following landmarks found on the proximal end of the humerus?

which of the following landmarks found on the proximal end of the humerus?

Asked by 1 year ago
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Functions of the skeletal system1. Support= soft tissues and muscles attach to the skeleton 2. Protection= ribs protect underlying organs; skull protects the brain 3. Movement= attachment for muscles allows for movement 4. Hemopoiesis= the production of blood cells in the bone marrow 5. Mineral Storage= bone tissue contains large quantities of calcium, phosphate; can release calcium salts
Osteologystudy of bones
Axialbony and cartilaginous parts that support and protect the organs of the head, neck and trunk; includes skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, sternum, ribs.
Appendicularbones of the limbs and associated bones that anchor the limbs and skeleton; includes pectoral girdle (scapula, clavicle), arms and hands, pelvic girdle, legs and feet.
Long Boneslonger than they are wide; function as levers (arm and leg bones)
Short Bonescube shaped; found in confined spaces; function to transfer forces (wrist and ankle bones)
Flat Bonesbroad, dense surface for muscle attachment or protection of underlying organs (ribs, scapula, skull)
Irregular Bonesvaried shaped for muscle attachment or articulation (vertebrae, facial bones)
Anatomical Positionstanding or lying flat, palms out (up); can be used to determine relative bone position.
(joint) Planeintervertebral, intertarsal, intercarpal
(joint) Hingeelbow, interphalangeal
(joint) Pivotatlas/odontoid process of axis
(joint) Ball-and-Sockethip, shoulder
suturean interlocking line of union between bones
Processany prominent projection on a bone
Fossaa flattened or shallow surface or depression
Condylea large, round articulating knob
Foramena rounded opening through a bone (usually for the passage of nerves, blood vessels or ligaments.)
Headprominent, rounded enlargement on the end of a bone
Epicondyleusually rounded knob above a condyle
Sinusan air-filled space within a bone (in 4 bones: frontal, maxillary, sphenoid, ethmoid)
Proximalcloser to the midpoint of the body
Distalfarther from the midpoint of the body
Superiorcloser to the head
Inferiorfarther from the head
Medialcloser to the midline of the body
Lateralfarther from the midline of the body
ScapulaLATERAL: glenoid fossa (glenoid cavity) POSTERIOR: spine
HunerusMEDIAL: head POSTERIOR: "big notch" olecranon fossa
RadiusLATERAL: styloid process ANTERIOR: radial tuberosity
UnlaLATERAL: radial notch ANTERIOR: trochlear notch
Os CoxaLATERAL: acetabulum ANTERIOR: pubic symphysis
FemurMEDIAL: head POSTERIOR: "big notch"
TibiaMEDIAL: medial malleolus ANTERIOR: tibial tuberosity
FibulaLATERAL: lateral malleolus ANTERIOR: "flattened end of triangular cross-section
How do you differentiate a cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae?Cervical= neck; 7 (transverse; holes on side) Thoracic= ribs; 12 (giraffe head) Vertebrae= lower back; 5 (moose)
What bones make up the cheek bone?zygomatic bone andtemporal bone
What bones make up the nasal septum?maxilla, volmer, perpendicular plate of ethnoid bone
What is the common name for C-1? How can you remember that?Atlis; sense C-1 rotates on top of C-2
What is the common name for C-2? How can you remember that?Axis
These bones form the pelvic girdlecoxal bones
Name the bone or bones of the forearmradius and ulna
Name the bone or bones of the thighfemur
The glenoid cavity of the scapula receives the ______humerus
This bone bears the medial malleolustibia
These are the ankle bonestarsals
little bones of the fingers and toes are called the _______phalanges
Identify the common name for the claviclecollarbone
identify the bone that articulates with the clavicle mediallysternum
identify the bone that articulates with the clavicle laterallyscapula
identify the bone that makes up the pectoral girdle with the claviclescapula
identify the specific process by which the clavicle developsineramembranous ossification
the clavicle belongs to which of the following areas?appendicular skeleton
identify the bone that articulates with the distal end of the femurtibia
identify the region of the femur that forms part of the hip jointhead
The condition known as a "fractured hip" is most often a break in the femur. Where is the femur particularly susceptible to a fracture?neck
Identify the landmark that is unique to the femurtrochanter
identify the landmark found on the diaphysis of the femurlinea aspera
identify the best description for the location of the head of the femurmedial and proximal
identify the non-weight bearing bone of the lower limbfibula
identify the type of joint found between the distal end of the tibia and fibula (distal tibiofibular joint)syndemosis
name the nonnoticeable bump on the outside of the anklelateral malleolus
identify the two bones that the fibula articulates with in the skeletontibia and talus
what type of bone is the fibula?long
the adult hip bone consists of _____ regions3
which region of the hip bone articulates with the sacrum?ilium
which landmark of the hip bone can be felt on a hard chair?ischial tuberosity
what regions of the hip bones articulate to form a symphysis?right and left pubic bodies
which of the following is the largest region of the hip bone?ilium
identify the articulation site for the femuracetabulum
identify the large hole found in this boneobturator foramen
the ridge like superior edge of the ilium is known as the ____iliac crest
what region of the vertebral column does the hip bone articulate with?sacral region
which bone articulates in the acetabulum?femur
the palpable hip bone projections in the front of the body felt when you put your hands on your hips are the posterior inferior iliac spines. (T/F)False; the anterior superior iliac spines can be palpable with the hands on the hips
the projection at the inferior end of the greater sciatic notch is the ischial spine (T/F)true
the hip bones make up the pelvic girdle (T/F)true
the hip bone is part of the axial skeleton (T/F)false; the axial skeleton consists of the skull, the vertebral column, and the rib cage
which of the following landmarks found on the proximal end of the humerus?greater tubercle
identify the depression found on the posterior surface of the humerusolecranon fossa
identify the region of the humerus that articulates with the ulnatrochlea
which of the following landmarks is found on the distal end of the humerus?lateral epicondyle
what part of the humerus articulates with the scapula to form the shoulder joint?head
which region of the skeleton contains the humerus?appendicular
where is the radius located in reference to the ulna?lateral
identify the region oof the radius that articulates with the ulnahead
which of the following regions of the radius help form the wrist joint?styloid process
which digit is the radius closest to?1
what type of joint is formed between the radius and ulna?pivot
identify the type of movement enabled by the articulation between the radius and ulna at the elbowsupination
identify the bony posterior wall of the pelvissacrum
name the number of vertebrae that fuse together to form the sacrum5
identify the region of the coxal bone that articulates with the sacrumilium
identify the tailbonecoccyx
identify the typical number of vertebrae that fuse during development t form the coccyx3-5
which of the following landmarks is found on the posterior surface of the scapula?spine
identify the socket of the shoulder jointglenoid cavity
identify the region of the scapula that articulates with the clavicleacromion process
which region of the scapula does articulate with another bone?acromion process
the scapula is the site of the origin of a group of muscles that stabilize the shoulder joint. identify this muscle grouprotator cuff
identify the process on the scapula that does not articulate with another bonecoracoid process
identify the bones that make up the wristcarpals
how many carpals make up the wrist8
identify the bones that make up the palm of the handmetacarpals
what type of bones are the phalanges?long
how many phalanges are located in the hand?14
what type of joint is formed between the wrist and the first metacarpal?saddle
the flat surface of the tibia that articulates with the femur is the superior surface of which landmark?medial and lateral condyles
identify the bone found lateral to the tibiafibula
identify the anatomical landmark resulting in a noticeable bump found on the medial surface of the anklemedial malleolus
name the bone that articulates with the distal end of the femurtibia
identify the blunt elevation found on the anterior surface of the tibia between the lateral and medial condylestibial tuberosity
which off the following landmarks can be found on both the tibia and fibula?malleoli
where in the skeleton is the ulna located in reference to the humerusdistal
identify the primary region of the ulna that forms the hinge joint with the humerustrochlear notch
identify the true statement about the head of the ulnafound at the distal end of the bone
identify the projection found on the distal end of the ulnastyloid process
identify the region of the ulna that articulates with the humerus when the forearm is in full extensionolecranon process
the acromial end of the clavicle articulates with the _____scapula
this bone articulates with the acetabulumfemur
the head of the fibula articulates with the ______tibia
muscles are strung across joints and can therefore move them. the insertion of a muscle _________________moves toward the origin during contraction
you are asked to demonstrate plantar flexion. to do this, you must move yourankle
this joint of the body has the greatest range of movementshoulder
which of the following will reduce friction in synovial joints?articular cartilage, bursae, and synovial fluid
ligaments reinforce joints by holding the bones together. what tissue type are the ligaments?dense regular connective tissue
the biceps brachii muscle flexes the elbow. what could you do to make the elbow extend?contract a muscle on the posterior side of the elbow
bones of the skeleton are connected at junctions called_______articulations
a trochanter is a __________________large, irregularly-shaped projection
a condyle differs from a epicondyle in that the condyle ________helps form a joint
frontal bonesanterior portion of cranium; forms the forehead, superior part of the orbit, and floor of anterior cranial fossa
parietal boneposterolateral to the frontal bone, forming sides of cranium
saggital suturemidline articulation point of the two parietal bones
coronal suturepoint of articulation of parietals with frontal bone
temperal boneinferior to parietal bone on lateral skull.
squamous suturepoint of articulation of the temporal bone with the parietal bone
zygomatic processa bridgelike projection joining the zygomatic bones (cheekbone) anteriorly. together these two bones form the zygomatic arch
mandibular fossarounded depression on the inferior surface of the zygomatic process (anterior to the ear); forms the socket for the condylar process of the mandible, where the mandible (lower jaw) joins the cranium
styloid processneedlelike projection inferior to external acoustic meatus; attachment point for muscles and ligament of the neck
mastoid processrouch projection inferior and posterior to external acoustic meatus; attachment site for muscles
occipital bonemost posterior bone of the cranium- forms floor and back wall. joins sphenoid bone anteriorly via its narrow basilar part
lambdoid suturesite of articulation of occipital bone and parietal bones
foramen magnumlarge opening in base of occipital, which allows the spinal cord to join with the brain
occipital condylesrounded prjections lateral to the foramen magnum that articulate with the first cervical vertabra (atlas)
sphenoid bonebat-shaped bone forming the anterior plateau of the middle cranial fossa across the width of the skull. it is the keystone of the cranium because it articulates with all other cranial bones
greater wingsportions of the sphenoid seen exteriorly anterior to the temporal and forming a part of the eye orbits
sella turcicaa saddle-shaped region in the sphnoid midline
ethmoid boneirregularly shaped bone anterior to the sphenoid. forms the rood of the nasal cavity, upper nasal septum, and part of the medial orbit walls
perpendicular plateinferior projections of the ethmoid that forms the superior part of the nasal septum
mandiblethe lower jawbone, which articulates with the temporal bones in the only freely moveable joints of the skull
coronoid processjutting anterior portion of the ramus; site of muscle attachement
mandibular symphysisanterior median depression indicating point of mandibular fusion
maxillaetwo bones fused in a median suture; form the upper jawbone and part of the orbits. all facial bones, except the mandible, join the maxillae. thus they are the main, or keystone, bones of the face
palatine processesform the anterior hard plate; meet medially in the intermaxillary suture
lacrimal bonefingernail-sized bones forming a part of the medial orbit walls between the maxilla and the ethmoid
zygomatic bonelateral to the maxilla; forms the portion of the face commonly called the cheekbone, and forms part of the later orbit.
nasal bonesmall rectangular bones forming the bridge of the nose
vomerblade-shaped bone in the median plane of nasal cavity that forms the posterior and inferior nasal septum
hyoid bonelocated in the throat above the larynx. serves as a point of attachment for many tongue and neck muscles. it does not articulate with any other bone and is thus unique. horsehoe shaped with two horms
mandibular synthesismidline of the chin
nasal boneswhen you run you index finger and thumb along opposite sides of the bridge of your nose until they "slip" medially at the inferior end of the nasal bone
vertebral columnextending from the skull to the pelvis, forms the body's major axial support; 7, 12, 5 -- 24 single bones called vertebrae and two composite, or fused, bones (the sacrum and coccyx)
body (centrum)rounded central portion of ther vertabra, which faces anteriorly in the human vertebral column
spinous processsingle medial and posterior projection from the vertebral arch
superior and inferior articular processespaired projections lateral to the vertebral foramen that enable articulation with adjacent vertebrae
atlasC1; lacks a body; enables you to nod "yes"
axisC2; acts as a pivot for rotation of the atlas
dens/ odontoid processserves as the pivot point
sacruma compostion bone formed from the fusion of five vertabrae
coccyxformed from the fusion of three to five small irregularly shaped vertebrae; tailbone
sternumbreastbone; result of fusion of manubrium, body, and xiphoid process; attached to the first seven pairs of ribs
manubriumarticulates with the clavicle
bodyforms the bulk of the sternum
xiphoid processconstructs the inferior end of the sternum and lies at the level of the fifth intercostal space
true ribsfirst 7; attach directly to the sternum by their 'own' costal cartilages
false ribs5; attach indirectly to the sternum or entirely lack a sternal attachment
pectoral/shoulder girdlesconsist of 2 bones- anterior clavicle and the posterior scapula; provide attachment points for many trunk and neck muscles
claviclecollarbone; its medial end attaches with the manubrium; the lateral end is flattened and articulates with the scapula to form part of the shoulder joint
scapulashoulder blades; "wings" of humans
glenoid cavitya shallow socket that receives the head of the arm bone (humerus); is located in the blunted lateral angle
trochleaarticulates with the ulna
capitulumarticulates with the radius of the forearm
ulnathe medial bone of the forearm
which of

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Views: 164
Asked: 1 year ago