federalism quizlet

# federalism quizlet

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Federalisma form of government in which power is divided between the federal government and the states
Sixteenth AmendmentThe constitutional amendment adopted in 1913 that explicitly permitted Congress to levy an income tax.
Federal systema system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states
Seventeenth Amendmentallowed americans to vote directly for U.S senators
Unitary systema government that gives all key powers to the national or central government
Confederate system (Confederation)a government that gives all key powers to the states
cooperative federalismCooperation among federal, state, &local govts; "marble cake" federalism
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederationvery weak federal gov't, no power to tax,
land grantsfirst form of grants-in-aid to the states by the federal govenrment were in this form
National powerscontrolling trade between states; creating army; coin and printing money; admiting new states; declaring war and peace; making laws for immagration
categorical grantsFederal grants that can be used only for specific purposes or "categories," of state and local spending. They come with strings attached, such as nondiscrimination provisions.
Concurrent powersPowers for both the national and state governments, such as the power to levy taxes.
Great Society1964, LBJ's policies of fighting poverty and racial injustice
State powersControl public schools,Control local elections,Set up governments, Control trade in states, provide laws for safety,health, and welfare.
Revenue sharingGiving money back to the state and local government with no strings attached
Enumerated powers17 powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution
New Federalismsystem in which the national government restores greater authority back to the states
Implied powerspowers that congress has that are not stated explicitly in the constitution
block grantsMoney from the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines
Reserve powerspowers granted ONLY to the states
intergovernmental lobbyAn interest group made up of mayors, governors, and other state and local officials who depend on federal funds
Bill of attainderA legislative act that inflicts punishment without a court trial
Ex post facto lawsA law which punishes people for a crime that was not a crime when it was committed. Congress cannot pass these laws.
devolutionThe effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states.
"Full faith and credit" clauseConstitution's requirement that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
preemptionthe judicial principle asserting the supremacy of federal over state legislation on the same subject
interstate compactsAgreements btwn states to work together on common issues
Contract with Americarepublican plan for political reform [devolution]
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)states did not have power to tax the national bank, reinforces supremacy clause
Necessary and proper clauseConstitutional clause that gives congress the power to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its powers
mandatesterms set by the national government that states must meet whether or not they accept federal grants
Supremacy clauseThe constitutional provision that makes the Constitution and federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws.
US v. LopezThe Court held that Congress had exceeded its commerce clause power by prohibiting guns in a school zone.
Gibbons v. OgdenRegulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Commerce clauseThe section of the Constitution in which Congress is given the power to regulate trade among the states and with foreign countries.
Dual federalismA system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
Dred Scott v. SandfordSupreme Court case that supported slavery by saying slaves are property not citizens. (1857)
Tenth AmendmentAmendment stating that the powers not delegated to the federal gov. are reserved to the states
federalism quizlet
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