in which of the following cases did the supreme court first claim the right of judicial review?

in which of the following cases did the supreme court first claim the right of judicial review?

Asked by 2 years ago
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Through 2012, only __________ African Americans and four women have served on the Supreme Court.eight
How many tiers does the federal judiciary have?three
A(n) __________ brief is submitted by someone who is not a party to the case.amicus curiae
Which Article of the Constitution created the federal judiciary?Article III
Which of the following was appointed by President George W. Bush?Justice Alito
Which of the following is the authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the issues in a particular case?jurisdiction
All federal judicial nominations are first referred to which of the following for a hearing?Senate Judiciary Committee
In which courts are the vast majority of all cases tried?state
According to the box "Who Are Federal Judges?", recent presidents have used judicial appointments to increase the __________ of individuals serving at the highest levels of the U.S. government and to curry favor with traditionally underrepresented groups.diversity
How many courts of appeals are in the federal system?thirteen
__________, President Nixon, and President Reagan achieved success in molding the federal judiciary to their own political beliefs.President Roosevelt
Which current justice on the Supreme Court is known for writing particularly stinging dissenting opinions?Antonin Scalia
In 1987, the Senate refused to confirm the nomination of which of the following to the Supreme Court?Robert Bork
What type of law governs relationships between individuals and defines their legal rights?civil
The conference of the U.S. Supreme Court is to the justices themselves
Proponents of which of the following believe that judges should use their power broadly to further justicejudicial activism
In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court first claim the right of judicial review?Marbury v. Madison
In which court do cases generally begin?trial
Which of the following can modify a decision of the Supreme Court?constitutional amendment
The U.S. courts of appeals are divided into __________ numbered circuits and two unnumbered circuits.eleven
Federal judges are appointed to __________ termslife
Only a(n) __________ court can review the decisions of a lower court.appellate
When the U.S. Supreme Court agrees to hear a case appealed to it from a circuit court, it is exercising its __________ jurisdiction.appellate
According to Article II, which of the following must confirm all federal judges?Senate
According to Marbury v. Madison, which clause implies the power of judicial review?supremacy
Which type of case concerns the violation of the legal rights of one individual toward another?civil
How and whether judicial decisions are translated into actual policy is known as which of the following?judicial implementation
Which of the following limits judicial power?stare decisis/precedent
Who presides over trials for presidential impeachment?chief justice of the Supreme Court
According to Figure 9.1, How Is the American Judicial System Structured?, there are currently how many U.S. district courts?94
According to Figure 9.1, How Is the American Judicial System Structured?, which of the following has no original jurisdiction?U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Which of the following is an opinion written by a justice in the majority that outlines additional considerations he or she thinks are important?concuring
Following oral arguments, the justices gather for a __________, during which they discuss the case and cast preliminary votes.conference
A writ of __________ is a request submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court to review a lower court decision.certiorari
A case is much more likely to be accepted for review by the Supreme Court if it is backed by a significant __________ group.interest
Which of the following represents the federal government in the Supreme Court?solicitor general
In a process known as __________, presidents generally allow senators from the state in which a judicial vacancy occurs to block the nomination.senatorial courtesy
What is the name given to the power of the courts to interpret, and overturn, the actions of the executive and legislative branches?judicial review
In which federal courts are trials conducted?district
For a case to be heard in the Supreme Court, a minimum of how many justices must vote to hear the case?four
According to Table 9.2, How Does a President Affect the Federal Judiciary?, which of the following presidents had the greatest influence on the composition of the federal judiciary?Clinton
As of 2012, how many African Americans have served on the U.S. Supreme Court?two
If a judge believes that she should only strike down laws that clearly violate the Constitution, she likely believes in which of the following?judicial restraint
Which of the following nominates U.S. federal judges?president
In court rulings, reliance on past decisions to formulate decisions in new cases is known as which of the following?stare decisis
Courts provide a statement of the legal reasoning behind their decisions in written __________.opinions
The authority to be the first court to hear a case is which type of jurisdiction?original
Courts established by Congress for specialized purposes, such as the Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims Law, are known as __________ courts.legislative
According to the doctrine of __________, a court should not overturn precedent unless it is absolutely necessary.stare decisis
Which of the following is within the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?controversies between the states
Of the 112 justices who have served on the U.S. Supreme Court, the overwhelming majority have been of which faith?Protestant
When a case is granted review in an appellate court, the parties submit written __________ presenting their arguments.briefs
Who heads the entire federal judiciary?the chief justice of the Supreme Court
What are the two types of jurisdiction courts can have?original ad appellate
The U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims is an example of which type of court?legislative
The ruling in which of the following cases struck down statemandated segregation in public schools?Brown v. Board of Education
A court that hears and weighs evidence in order to reach the first decision in a civil or criminal case is a court of __________ jurisdiction.original
How many justices currently serve on the Supreme Court?nine
The __________ Act of 1789 established the basic three-tiered structure of the federal court system.Judiciary
To which of the following does Article III give the power to create inferior federal courts?Congress
in which

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Views: 36
Asked: 2 years ago