table class="table table-hover">Higdon chose the title blue cathedral as a tribute to:her brother.Of the following, which is not used as a source for Doctor Atomic's libretto?William Shakespeare's sonnetsJohn Adams can be considered a post-minamalist.TrueOf the following, which would be considered as a Neoromantic work?Barber's Adagio for StringsWhich of the following composers is NOT a minimalist?Thea MusgraveThe music of John Adams reflects the influence of:rockMusic that features the repetition, with little variation, of melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic patterns is known as:minimalistJennifer Higdon's performance background is as a flutist.TrueOf the following, what best describes today's opera subjects?They explore the supernaturalRepetition is an important element of minimalism.True"At the sight of this," from Doctor Atomic, includes electronic sonorities.TrueWho wrote the opera Nixon in China?John AdamsPrt's Cantate Domino canticum novum evokes the sound of medieval music because it has no harmony.FalseSpiritual minimalism is characterized by its strong rhythmic pulse.FalseThe postmodern approach that mixes styles from the past with contemporary ones is called:NeoromanticismRecent music has continued its avoidance of emotional appeal.FalseCorigliano's Mr. Tambourine Man is based on the texts of:Bob Dylan.After Prt's emigration to the West, he devoted his compositional output to:religious choral music.Prt's Cantate Domino canticum novum is composed in his ____________ style.tintinnabularWhat is the genre of Corigliano's Mr. Tambourine Man?song cycleCorigliano's Prelude, from Mr. Tambourine Man, has a modified verse-chorus structure.TrueOf the following, what does NOT characterize the career of Jennifer Higdon?She was a child prodigy on the piano.Jennifer Higdon's blue cathedral uses major triads with no strong sense of tonal center.TrueThe librettist for Doctor Atomic is:Peter Sellars.Corigliano's The Ghosts of Versailles, which features the spirit of Marie Antoinette upset over being beheaded, is based on a true story.TrueJohn Adam's opera Doctor Atomic is based on the life of:J. Robert Oppenheimer.Of the following compositional styles, which has Corigliano drawn upon?all of the aboveOf the following, which is NOT used in "At the sight of this," from Doctor Atomic?pianoOf the following, which composer is NOT associated with spiritual minimalism?Paul LanskyAnton Webern served as a model for Neoromanticism.FalseTintinnabulation is associated with the music of John Corigliano.FalseHidgon's blue cathedral was written for a performance by:a full symphony orchestra.Of the following, which award did Corigliano NOT receive?a Tony for The Naked CarmenAlthough educated at Harvard, John Adams has made most of his career in:San Francisco, California.Neoromanticism evolved from the feeling that the abstract, atonal music of the twentieth century had created a gap between composers and their audience.TrueNixon in China is an opera by Philip Glass.FalsePrt's Cantate Domino canticum novum uses a psalm for its text.TrueThe salient feature of minimalism is contrast.FalseJohn Corigliano is primarily known as an opera composer and has written few orchestral works.FalseThe first elaborate electronic synthesizer was:the RCA music synthesizer.Which of the following composers has extensively explored the combination of electronic sounds with live music?DavidovskyA hyperinstrument does away with any human control of the music and turns it over to the computer.FalseMilton Babbitt wanted to replace the live performer with synthesizers.FalseElectronic music and synthesizers have little influence on the commercial world of music.FalseOne of the most important musical developments of the 1950s and 1960s was the emergence of electronic music.TrueThe concept of a hyperinstruments was developed by Pierre Boulez.FalseWhich literary classic inspired Machover's Begin Again Again . . . ?Dante's Divine ComedyVarse's Pome electronique was produced by electronically manipulating recorded sounds.TrueWhat San Francisco-based composer has experimented with mixed media and multichannel tape interacting with live musicians in performance?Pauline OliverosPauline Oliveros is a noted female composer of electronic music.TrueA new musical instrument developed in the second half of the twentieth century that combines sound generators with sound modifiers is called:a synthesizer.Varse composed Pome electronique for:the World's Fair.Music made up of natural sounds that are recorded and then altered is called:musique concrte.Which composer developed an electronic glove for playing the cello?Tod MachoverThe most important development in art music in the 1950s and 1960s was the increasing importance of:electronic music.Synthesizers are devices that combine sound generators and sound modifiers in one package with a unified control system.TrueRecording short digital audio clips on a synthesizer allows musicians to recreate realistic sounds of musical instruments electronically. This is called:samplingWhich of the following was NOT one of the stages in the development of electronic music?the invention of micropolyphonyThe standardized communications protocol that allows synthesizers to "talk" to computers is:MIDIVarse's Pome electronique combines acoustic and electronic instruments.FalseComputer sound generation is the least flexible of all electronic media.FalseTod Machover worked as the director of IRCAM in Paris.TrueMIDI technology allows electronic musical instruments and computers to be linked.TrueElectronically generated music can be heard today:all of the aboveBegin Again Again . . . , by Tod Machover, is scored for:hypercello and computer.Which of the following best describes the life of Abing?He was a blind street musician.Composers Henry Cowell and Harry Partch were highly influenced by a variety of non-Western musics.TrueNon-Western sounds influenced American jazz and rock music.TrueA ____________ is a plucked string instrument from India.sitarThe gamelan is an important musical ensemble in:JavaDuring the Chinese Cultural Revolution, Bright Sheng was allowed to compose patriotic music for the Communist regime.FalseWhich of the following composers combined Asian instruments with traditional Western ensembles and experimented with exotic scales?Henry CowellThe form of Cage's Sonata V, from Sonatas and Interludes, is:binaryWhich of the following does NOT characterize Abing's The Moon Reflected on the Second Springs?unchanging tempoWith what tuning system did Harry Partch experiment?microtonalJohn Cage's 4'33" questions the distinction between music and noise.TrueBright Sheng was born in which city?ShanghaiThe music of Abing was largely created through improvisation.TrueCage's Sonatas and Interludes evoke the sounds of:the Javanese gamelan.The overall form of Cage's Sonatas and Interludes is four groups of four sonatas, with interludes between the groups.TrueThe Moon Reflected on the Second Springs is best considered as Chinese traditional music.TrueThe medieval epic Tristan and Isolde is the basis for the Javanese shadow puppet drama.FalseWhich of the following musical concepts is NOT associated with John Cage?serial musicA raga is the starting point for music in:IndiaWhat is the name of the two-stringed fiddle from China?the erhuCage's Sonatas and Interludes are traditional works for the standard grand piano.FalseWhich technique in Prelude, from Sheng's China Dreams, does NOT suggest a Chinese style?dissonant harmoniesSome Asian composers have merged music of their heritage with Western traditions.TrueOf the following, which does NOT characterize John Cage's Sonatas and Interludes?lyrical melodiesJohn Cage's prepared piano was carefully tuned prior to each performance.FalseThe Javanese shadow-puppet theater is based on the Ramayana:a Hindu epic.Who invented the prepared piano?CageSonatas and Interludes by John Cage is a work for:prepared piano.Of the following, which American composer was NOT greatly affected by the philosophy of the Far East?Aaron CoplandThe erhu is a hammered dulcimer with metal strings.FalseIn Iran, there is a clear division between performer and composer.FalseWhich work by John Cage has no musical content and can be performed by anyone on any instrument?4'33"The gamelan performance of the Patalon serves as a closing for the puppet drama.TrueBright Sheng often combines Western instruments with those from China.TrueThe standard gamelan tuning for shadow-puppet dramas is:pentatonicWhich innovative composer constructed a scale of forty-three microtones to the octave and built instruments to play with this tuning?Harry PartchHow many movements are in Sheng's China Dreams?fourBright Sheng's integration of national styles is influenced by the works of:Bla Bartk.Gamelan music is generally played in Indonesia for ritual and court ceremonies and to accompany theatrical performances.TrueWhich of the following does NOT characterize Persian music?emphasis on harmonyWhich singer premiered George Crumb's Ancient Voices of Children?Jan DeGaetaniOf the following, which is NOT used in Crumb's Caballito negro?pianoThe music of George Crumb includes many settings of the poetry of:Federico Garca Lorca.Contemporary music has made fewer and fewer technical demands on performers.FalseWhich of the following techniques is used by modern performers?all of the aboveCrumb's Caballito negro is published in a book of:madrigalsJan DeGaetani sang the premiere of Crumb's song cycle Ancient Voices of Children.TrueThe mood of Crumb's Caballito negro can be described as grimly playful.TrueWhat do Cathy Berberian and Jan DeGaetani have in common?Both are virtuoso singers.Of the following, which is NOT a subcategory of postmodern art?abstract expressionismAleatoric music represents a move toward greater complexity.FalseOf the following, which does NOT describe postmodernism?It is a more radical form of modernism.What art movement drew themes from modern urban life, including machines, comic strips, and commercial advertisements?pop artPostmodernism embraces a pluralistic approach to gender, sexual orientation, and ethnicity in art.TrueA technique used by Lukas Foss in which composers incorporate music from the past is called:collageWhich of the following films is a non-narrative visual collage with music by Philip Glass?KoyaanisqatsiAndy Warhol's style of art is best described as:pop art.Environmental art is best associated with:minimalismWhat artist is most associated with abstract expressionism?Jackson PollockThe motto of architect Frank Gehry is "less is more."FalseWith which contemporary movement can the composer John Cage be linked?aleatoric musicThe second half of the twentieth century saw only minimal stylistic changes in music.FalseWhich of the following directors is NOT associated with new-wave cinema?SpielbergPostmodernism has a clear and simple definition.FalseWhat performance artist mixes popular music, comic routines, and high-tech equipment to address social issues?Laurie AndersonOf the following, which is NOT a characteristic of postmodern music?a turn to more complex serial techniquesOf the following, who is NOT a distinguished novelist of our time?Laurie AndersonPostmodern music rejected the use of electronic instruments.FalseThe globalization of society has had a large impact on music.TrueA semi-improvised multimedia event in the 1960s was called a "happening."TrueThe African-American artist noted for "storybook" quilts is:Faith Ringgold.Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg owe some of their inspiration to the Dadaists.TrueNew-wave cinema exhibits postmodern ideas.TrueRap is exclusively an African-American style.FalseGangsta rap texts concern issues of inner-city life.TrueIn what year did the Beatles first perform in the United States?1964One of the foremost groups in the genre of Latin rock is:SantanaAn Irish rock group of the late 1980s interested in political activism was:U2The title of the 1989 rap album All Hail the Queen refers to Queen Elizabeth II of England.FalseOver 300,000 music fans attended the Woodstock Festival held in upstate New York in August:1969Bob Marley and the Wailers are representative of punk rock.FalseWho first merged folk music with rock?the ByrdsMotown was a sophisticated style of rock that was created in Billings, Montana.FalseEnglish rock singer Elvis Costello helped usher in a simpler, 1950s style known as:new wave.Woodstock was a peaceful a rock festival.TrueOf the following, who was NOT introduced through American Idol?Justin TimberlakeThe text and music of Mr. Tambourine Man was written by Janis Joplin.FalseReggae is a dance style of Argentinean origin.FalseThe groups Soundgarden and Nirvana are representative of:grunge rock.Which of the following was NOT a member of the Beatles?Roger McGuinnLed Zeppelin and Black Sabbath play in the ____________ style.heavy metalWhat city is credited with the rise of the grunge rock style of the late 1980s and early 1990s?SeattleRock and roll emerged as a union of which two styles?rhythm and blues, and country-westernThe style of Latin rock added ____________ to the blues band.Latin and African percussion instrumentsAll of the following popular singers died from alcohol and/or drug abuse EXCEPT:John Lennon.Rock is characterized by a strong, steady beat in a triple meter.FalseTupac Shakur and Notorious B. I. G. were representative of:gangsta rap.Who is considered by many to be "the father of soul"?Ray CharlesThe popular style that is characterized by a vocal patter against syncopated rhythmic accompaniment is:rapDavid Bowie and Elton John are representatives of the ____________ style.glitter rockThe single most important development in popular music of the 1980s was:the music video.All of the following are representatives of the British rock invasion EXCEPT:the Beach Boys.What instrument did George Harrison of the Beatles take up that brought a more international sound to rock?Indian sitarJefferson Airplane and The Grateful Dead are groups that played in the ____________ style.acid rockBob Dylan's use of a rock group was greeted enthusiastically by folk music purists.FalseThe Sex Pistols and The Clash play in the ____________ style.punk rockArt rock or progressive rock was largely a British style.TrueWhich of the following was NOT a superstar of the 1980s?Elvis PresleyCarlos Santana is a popular Latin-rock and jazz musician.TrueAcid rock was originally a Japanese style that was adopted in the United States.FalseRock and roll emerged during the 1950s as a union of African-American rhythm and blues, and country-western music.TrueWhich of the following was NOT an album by the Beatles?Good VibrationsMusic by Lady Gaga borrows heavily from other styles and has little originality.FalseOf the following, who was NOT a pioneer of the new rock and roll style of the 1950s?Neil SedakaThe most important function of music in film is to establish a mood.TrueThe principal themes of Williams's Raiders March are leitmotifs in Star Wars.FalseThe use of leitmotifs in the Star Wars films mirrors that in Wagner's Ring cycle.TrueMusic that is performed on screen and is part of the drama itself is called:source music.Which of the following best describes the music at the climax of The Godfather?The mood runs counter to the action.Of the following, which characterizes the career of John Williams?all of the aboveWhy is music important to film?all of the aboveOf the following, which does NOT characterize the Raiders March?It uses standard march harmonies.Which of the following film scores was NOT composed by John Williams?TitanicMost films from Hollywood use music to establish an overall mood, not to reflect the emotional content of a given scene.FalseUnity in film music through the use of leitmotifs was inspired by which nineteenth-century composer?WagnerSummertime is a lively song that suggests the excitement of summer.FalseWho wrote the lyrics for West Side Story?Stephen SondheimWhich of the following musicals was written and produced by the Disney studios?The Lion KingVictor Herbert revamped the operetta to American tastes with works like:Babes in ToylandThe plot of Porgy and Bess takes place in Chicago.FalseOf the following, which does NOT describe Gershwin's Porgy and Bess?The music combines jazz with the modern techniques of Schoenberg.Bernstein's West Side Story deals with rival youth gangs in Los Angeles.FalseWhich of the following was NOT a composer of American musicals?Jacques OffenbachThe form of Gershwin's Summertime is:strophicWhich of the following is NOT true of Bernstein's West Side Story?It has a happy ending.Leonard Bernstein has written both popular and art music.TrueWhich of the following musicals was NOT a collaboration of Rodgers and Hammerstein?Phantom of the OperaWhat are the ethnic origins of the mambo?Afro-CubanOf the following, who did not write operetta?Georges BizetWhat American folk opera by George Gershwin was far ahead of its time?Porgy and BessOf the following, which work is NOT by Gershwin?Afro-American SymphonyWhich of the following is NOT a musical by the British composer Andrew Lloyd Webber?Les MisrablesWhat is considered to be America's unique contribution to theater?the musicalWest Side Story is a modern-day musical setting of Shakespeare's:Romeo and Juliet.Bernstein's West Side Story draws on Afro-Cuban dance rhythms.TrueRodgers and Hart helped to elevate the level of lyrics in musical comedy from clichs to serious poetry.TrueJonathan Larsen's rock opera Rent is inspired by which opera?La BohmeThe musical has remained exclusively an American art form, not attempted by composers from other countries.FalseThe recent "jukebox" musical based on songs of ABBA is:Mamma Mia!Which of the following is an example of a rock musical?HairGeorge Gershwin is recognized as being one of the first American composers to:incorporate African-American blues and jazz styles into his compositions.Bernstein's West Side Story updates the feud of the Capulets and the Montagues to that between:the Jets and the Sharks.Leonard Bernstein was the first American-born musician to be appointed conductor of the New York Philharmonic.TrueThe American musical theater developed out of the European comic opera or operetta tradition.TrueOf the following, which is NOT composed by Leonard Bernstein?An American in ParisGershwin's Summertime suggests:an African-American spiritual.Summertime is sung multiple times during Porgy and Bess.TrueThe use of preexisting literary sources such as books and plays for the plots of musicals helped the new genre to gain maturity and permanence.TrueWhat American composer is known as the king of ragtime?JoplinBebop jazz was a complex new style that developed after World War II, built on small groups in which each player has an equal voice in the improvisation.TrueTake the A Train was composed by:Billy Strayhorn.Which of the following is NOT a musical trait of African origin?major-minor tonalityWhat was the trademark of bebop?a two-note phraseLouis Armstrong was an important force in the development of early jazz styles.TrueA combination of jazz and classical idioms is called:third stream.Jazz is an art form created mainly by African Americans in the early twentieth century that blended elements from African music with traditions of the West.TrueNew Orleans jazz depended on simultaneous improvisations by the players, which created a polyphonic texture.TrueLouis Armstrong was also known as:SatchmoWhich of the following best describes the form of a blues text?A-A-BWhich instrument did Louis Armstrong play?trumpetBillie Holiday's song Billie's Blues demonstrates ____________ form.twelve-bar bluesAfrican-American music forms the roots of which of the following popular American musical styles?all of the aboveDuring the 1940s, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, and Thelonious Monk developed:bebopRagtime was named for its ragged, highly syncopated rhythms and melodies.TrueScott Joplin's Maple Leaf Rag was initially little known, but it became a big hit after its use in the film The Sting.FalseWhat is the principal musical characteristic of ragtime?syncopationBig-band swing represented the dominant form of American popular music in the 1930s and 1940s.TrueWhat is the African-American music that developed around the turn of the twentieth century and incorporates elements of African music and Western popular and art music called?jazzGunther Schuller coined the term third stream to describe a combination of blues and jazz styles.FalseWho was the creator of the Modern Jazz Quartet?John LewisDuke Ellington's great musical collaborator in the 1940s was:Billy Strayhorn.A style of jazz singing that sets syllables without meaning to an improvised vocal line is known as:scat singing.New Orleans jazz often features a heterophonic texture.TrueThe musical style of the 1960s that combines jazz improvisation with amplified instruments and a rock beat is called:fusionBillie Holiday was the first African-American singer to:break the color barrier by recording and performing with white musicians.Take the A Train is a song that refers to:a New York City subway line.What is a bent, or "blue," note?a note in which the pitch drops slightlyScott Joplin was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his opera:TreemonishaWhich of the following does NOT characterize blues?It is a form of African folk music.The principal exponent of cool jazz was trumpeter:Miles Davis.The term bebop describes the combination of classical and jazz styles.FalseWhich American jazz composer was also a pianist and a master of big-band orchestration?Duke EllingtonWhat kind of jazz is Duke Ellington known for?big bandThe Gerry Mulligan Quartet is associated with West Coast jazz.TrueDuke Ellington is associated with New Orleans-style jazz.FalseThe term third stream was coined by:Gunther Schuller.Scott Joplin is best known for his blues melodies.FalseIn New Orleans jazz, which instrument usually played the melody?trumpetWhich of the following is NOT true of New Orleans jazz?There were no set forms or harmonic progressions.Billie Holiday's singing style:has been imitated by many later singers.Miles Davis is known for:all of the aboveOf the following, who was NOT a contributor to the 1940s style known as bebop?Louis ArmstrongWhat American city is considered the birthplace of jazz?New OrleansWhich of the following was NOT an innovation introduced to jazz by Louis Armstrong?three-line blues textsWho won the 1996 Pulitzer Prize for the jazz oratorio Blood on the Fields?Wynton MarsalisThe American musical theater developed out of the European comic opera or operetta tradition.TrueWhat folksinger is known for his protest songs from the 1960s?Bob DylanOf the following, which is considered an operetta?H. M. S. PinaforeMinstrel shows continued to be popular well into the twentieth century.FalseOf the following, what did not take place during the 1980s?WoodstockPolitical issues have seldom had an impact on popular music.FalseIrving Berlin was a successful Tin Pan Alley composer.TrueRadio underwent enormous growth during the 1920s.TrueAfter World War II, which emerging technology introduced new acts to the American public?televisionAmerican musical theater developed from ____________, whose repertory includes the works of Gilbert and Sullivan.operettaOf the following, which artist was NOT impacted by the "red scare"?George GershwinIrving Berlin's first hit song was:Alexander's Ragtime Band.What is vaudeville?a type of comedic musical sketch by immigrant composersThe center of music publishing in New York was called:Tin Pan Alley.Which early-twentieth-century songwriter composed the wartime hit Over There?George M. CohanThe depression had little impact on the performing arts.FalseIn which country did the Expressionist movement originate?GermanyImpressionism takes its name from a painting by Claude Monet.TrueHow did non-Western arts influence twentieth-century Western arts?all of the aboveThe Impressionist artists abandoned the grandiose subjects of Romanticism.TrueDadaists influenced:Les Six.Which of the following best describes the effect achieved by Impressionist painting?luminous, shimmering colorsWhich of the following was NOT associated with Expressionism?DebussyThe concept of art was rejected by:DadaismThe artistic trends of the early twentieth century can best be characterized as:a reaction against Romanticism.The earliest harbingers of modernism were artists and writers from:FranceWhich of the following composers would NOT have been emulated during the Neoclassical era?WagnerWhich early-twentieth-century style dealt with the realm of the unconscious, distorted images, and the inner self?ExpressionismWhich of the following genres was NOT favored by the Neoclassicists of the early twentieth century?the symphonic poemWhich of the following painters was NOT associated with the Impressionist school?GoyaThe early twentieth century was impelled by the desire to throw off the oppressive style of the nineteenth century and to capture the spontaneity of primitive life.TrueImpressionism was a style cultivated principally in:ParisThe post-Romantic movement in poetry that revolted against traditional modes of expression is called:SymbolismThe early-twentieth-century style that sought to revive certain principles and forms of earlier music was:NeoclassicismWho is considered to have been the leader of the Impressionist painters?Claude Monet.Mallarm and Verlaine are:Symbolist poets.Expressionism was the German equivalent of French Impressionism and had the same goals and artistic qualities.FalseNeoclassical composers preferred absolute music and forms to program music.TrueSalvador Dali and Joan Mir are associated with:SurrealismThe Symbolist poets were strongly influenced by the works of:Edgar Allan Poe.Which of the following best describes the works of the Impressionist painters?They attempted to capture the freshness of first impressions.Expressionism in music took its impulse from painters whose canvases delved into the realm of the subconscious.TrueTchaikovsky's fanciful ballet about a child's Christmas gift and dreams of exotic people and places is:The Nutcracker.In her aria "Un bel d," from Madame Butterfly, Cio-Cio-San sings of:her wish for her husband to return.What name is given to the twentieth-century composers who continued the Romantic tradition?post-RomanticThe pas de deux is a Western-style two-step dance.FalseOf the following, who did NOT make a major contribution to choral literature?Frdric ChopinOf the following, which characterizes Verdi's Requiem Mass?The Requiem was dedicated to the memory of the poet Manzoni.Nineteenth-century Masses were intended for concert as well as church performance.TrueA Japanese geisha is best compared in Western culture with:a courtesan.Which of the following descriptions best characterizes a part song?a short, secular song for three or four voice partsSinging in a chorus is restricted to professionals only.FalseWhich of the following composers does NOT represent the Italian verismo style?VerdiVerismo was a late-Romantic movement in opera which sought to:pick subjects from everyday life and treat them realistically.Which of the following choral forms was NOT originally intended for performance in church?part songWhich of the following operas is NOT by Puccini?PagliacciWhich of the following is NOT a ballet by Tchaikovsky?Eugene OneginThe movement that, along with post-Romanticism, ushered in the twentieth century was known as:ImpressionismWhich great Russian choreographer wrote the scenario for The Nutcracker?PetipaThe music for Puccini's Madame Butterfly is entirely European in conception, despite the setting in Japan.FalseThe Japanese shamisen is:a plucked string instrument.Tchaikovsky suffered from depression and guilt over his homosexuality.TruePuccini's operas are associated with the verismo movement.TruePuccini's Madame Butterfly ends:tragicallyThe keyboard instrument featured in the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy, from The Nutcracker, is:the celesta.Cio-Cio-San, in Puccini's Madame Butterfly, worked as a geisha prior to her marriage.TrueThe Nutcracker is a real-life story set at Christmastime.FalseTchaikovsky was known for his symphonies and operas as well as for his ballets.TrueAt the close of the opera Madame Butterfly, the title character:kills herself with a samurai dagger.The late-Romantic Italian opera tradition was characterized by a movement toward realism called:verismoThe post-Romantic era lasted from approximately:1890-1910.Choral music offered the public an outlet for its creative energies.TrueBallet became an independent art form in the nineteenth century.TrueWho was Tchaikovsky's principal patron?Nadezhda von MeckThe solo voice begging for deliverance in the Libera me: Requiem aeternam section of Verdi's Requiem is:a soprano.The two principal centers of nineteenth-century ballet were France and:RussiaWhich of the following statements about Romantic choral music is NOT true?Only professional singers participated in nineteenth-century choruses.The libretto for Madame Butterfly represents Western fascination with geisha culture in the late nineteenth century.TrueThe development of Russian ballet was stimulated by the great choreographer ____________ in 1847.Marius PetipaPuccini's Madame Butterfly is:a tragic tale of a Japanese geisha and a U.S. naval officer.What Russian figure played a crucial role in the development of twentieth-century ballet?DiaghilevThe leading composer of Italian opera in the late-Romantic era was:PucciniWhich of the following does NOT characterize the Libera me: Dies irae section of Verdi's Requiem?understated emotionsIn the last decades of the nineteenth century, composers fell under the influence of or reacted against:WagnerPuccini's opera Madame Butterfly, with its Japanese melodies and pentatonic and whole-tone scales, is an example of exoticism.TrueWhich of the following Russian composers was famous for his ballets?TchaikovskyWhich of the following exotic elements can be heard in the opera Madame Butterfly?all of the aboveTchaikovsky's Nutcracker is based on a story by:E. T. A. Hoffmann.Verdi's Requiem Mass was intended for performances in church.FalseThe ____________ is the most powerful part of the Requiem Mass.Dies iraeThe Nutcracker is based on a story by E. T. A. Hoffmann.TrueVerdi's Requiem Mass was performed at a notorious Nazi concentration camp.TrueThe trepak is a folk dance from:RussiaWagner pushed major-minor tonality to extreme limits with his style of chromatic harmony.TrueWagner strived for a continuous flow of melody unlike the divisions of aria and recitative in Italian opera.TrueIn the orchestral prelude to Act III of Wagner's Die Walkre, the Ride theme is primarily played by:brassWagner chose to base his stories on:idealized folk legends.Of the following, which woman was a successful composer as well as a successful opera singer?Louise BertinOperas with exotic plots:look to far-away lands for inspiration.La Scala, the famous opera house where Verdi's operas were performed, is in:MilanOpera provided composers with a good outlet for their interest in far-off lands.TrueWagner's cycle of four music dramas is called:The Ring of the Nibelung.The opera Carmen is set in Cuba.FalseWho was the source of Verdi's inspiration for Rigoletto?Victor HugoOf the following, which does NOT characterize Verdi's "La donna mobile" from Rigoletto?It has contrapuntal orchestral accompaniment.Richard Wagner composed the first Singspiel.FalseBecause of his dominating personality, Wagner frequently changed librettists while composing his music dramas.FalseWagner's first operatic success was a grand opera entitled:RienziWhich characteristic of traditional opera did Wagner eliminate?separate ariasThe aria "La donna mobile" from Verdi's Rigoletto, is set in a simple, strophic form with a refrain.TrueWhat nineteenth-century opera singer was known as the Swedish Nightingale?Jenny LindThe librettist for Verdi's Rigoletto was:PiaveOne of the leitmotifs from Wagner's Die Walkre is the magic fire music.TrueWomen achieved prominence in the Romantic era as opera singers.TrueA special theater was built at ____________ for the presentation of Wagner's music dramas.BayreuthWhich Verdi opera was commissioned for performance in Cairo to mark the opening of the Suez Canal?AidaThe nineteenth century saw the quick development of an international opera style that replaced the national schools of the eighteenth century.FalseWagner's operas employ the supernatural as an element of drama and glorify the German land and people.TrueThe concept of a total artwork in which all the artsmusic, poetry, drama, visual spectacleare fused together is called:GesamtkunstwerkWagner's recurring themes that represent specific characters, emotions, or ideas are called leitmotifs.TrueVerdi's opera Nabucco was hugely popular in Italy because it:was interpreted as a symbol of Italian independence.The term bel canto refers to:a style of singing that features agility and purity of tone.Verdi's operas stirred a revolutionary spirit within the Italian people.TrueOf the following, which does NOT characterize Singspiel?It featured elaborate recitatives and arias.Opera singers Maria Malibran and Pauline Viardot were both daughters of the famous singer and teacher Manuel Garca.TrueWhich of the following operas is NOT an example of exoticism?Mozart's The Marriage of FigaroWhich of the following does NOT characterize the music for Act III, Scene 1 of Die Walkre?The orchestra plays a subordinate role.The focal point of Wagnerian music drama is the voice.FalseWhat composer created the music drama?WagnerNational styles of opera developed in:all of the aboveWhich composer has been considered to be the single most important phenomenon in the artistic life of the latter half of the nineteenth century?WagnerWho are the Valkyries in Wagner's Ring of the Nibelung?the nine daughters of WotanWhat composer's musical language was based on chromatic harmony?TrueWhat composer's musical language was based on chromatic harmony?WagnerWho dies at the end of Rigoletto?Gilda, Rigoletto's daughterWhich of the following was a widely loved nationalist opera composer?VerdiThe ensemble that follows "La donna mobile" in Act III of Rigoletto is a:quartetAfter Italian independence, Verdi was ignored by the Italian public.FalseWagner did not wish to change the prevailing form of opera in the nineteenth century.FalseIn addition to composing music, Wagner was an important:writerIn Act III, Scene 1 of Die Walkre, what are the Valkyries carrying on their horses?fallen heroesWagner eventually married Cosima, the daughter of his good friend Franz Liszt.TrueLouise Bertin wrote an opera based on Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame.TrueIn Rigoletto, Verdi turns away from tuneful melodies to heighten the dramatic action.FalseWhich of the following was NOT a prominent female opera singer in the nineteenth century?Clara SchumannWho composed The Barber of Seville and the overture to William Tell?RossiniItalian comic opera is called:opera buffa.Which of the following countries was NOT a leading opera center in the nineteenth century?EnglandWhy did Wotan deprive Brnnhilde of her immortality and leave her sleeping inside a ring of fire?because she, overcome with compassion, attempted to save Siegmund's life in battleWhat was Verdi's last opera, completed at age eighty?FalstaffThe librettist for Wagner's music dramas was:the composer himself.Of the following, which opera is NOT by Verdi?CarmenIn the Ring cycle, who is the father of the gods?WotanWagner called his operas:music dramas.The principal themes in Wagner's operas, which recur throughout a work and carry specific meanings, are called:leitmotifsThe emotional quality of Wagner's music is heightened by the use of:chromatic dissonance.The structure of the third movement of Brahms's Symphony No. 3 is:ternaryThe origins of the Romantic concerto reach back to the Renaissance.FalseWhich young composer did Robert and Clara Schumann take into their home?BrahmsThe scherzo is a lively, dancelike movement in duple meter.FalseThe opening theme of the third movement of Brahms's Symphony No. 3 is first played by the:cellosWhat is the typical number of movements found in a concerto?threeRomantic composers wrote concertos only for their own performance.FalseBrahms wrote no symphonies until he was past the age of forty, in part because he was in awe of the symphonies of:BeethovenOf the following, which is NOT a type of absolute music?the symphonic poemBrahms's symphonies use a Romantic harmonic idiom but are Classical in form.TrueBrahms is often described as a(n) ____________, because of his use of forms of the Classical masters.traditionalistHow many movements are in a typical symphony?fourThe typical Romantic symphony has four movements.TrueThe first movement of a symphony is usually in ____________ form.sonata-allegroA fanciful solo passage in an improvisational style that is interpolated into a concerto movement is called:a cadenza.Of the following interests, which did Brahms pursue in his younger years?all of the aboveBrahms wrote ____________ symphonies.4The Harlem Renaissance was an early twentieth-century movement that promoted the creative efforts of African Americans.TrueDvorak wrote his New World Symphony while living in:the United States.Brahms was described as a "young eagle" by:Robert Schumann.The scheme of a traditional symphony is:fast-slow-dance-fast.Which form found in symphonies is most likely to be strongly rhythmic and dancelike?scherzoThe subtitle From the New World of Dvorak's Symphony No. 9 refers to a visit the composer made to South America.FalseDvorak sought to immigrate to America and become an American citizen.FalseThe symphony was a new genre in the Romantic era.FalseConcertos in the nineteenth century often emphasized virtuosity.TrueOf the following, who was a prolific composer of Lieder?BrahmsOf the following, who wrote more than seven symphonies?HaydnDvorak's Symphony No. 9 was inspired by Goethe's Faust.FalseA large-scale work in several movements for solo instrument(s) and orchestra is called:a concerto.Which of the following does NOT characterize Brahms's Symphony No. 3?programmatic imagesOf which national school of composition is Dvorak a representative?CzechWhich movement of a symphony is traditionally the slowest?the second movementWhich of the following best describes the style of the third movement of Brahms's Symphony No. 3?a melancholic waltzNineteenth-century symphonic composers were more prolific than their forebears because their works grew steadily shorter.FalseOf the following, which does NOT describe symphony composition in the Romantic era?Composers wrote more symphonies than their Classical counterparts.Brahms maintained a lifelong close relationship with:Clara Schumann.Dvorak's Symphony No. 9 is subtitled:From the New World.Dvorak was little known as a composer during his lifetime and achieved great fame only after his death.FalseOf the following, who was NOT an African-American composer?Antonn DvorakThe Afro-American Symphony was written by:William Grant Still.While teaching in America, the Bohemian composer Antonn Dvorak developed a particular fondness for:spiritualsDvorak believed that American composers should throw off the influence of Europe and seek inspiration in African-American, Native American, and other traditional American musics.TrueThe third movement of Brahms's Symphony No. 3 in F major is a rollicking scherzo.FalseThe first movement of the Romantic concerto often omitted the orchestral exposition.TrueThe purity of Brahms's Classical style and his mastery of musical architecture brought him closer to the spirit of Beethoven than any of his contemporaries.TrueWilliam Grant Still was an African-American composer who sought musical inspiration from his native heritage.TrueDvorak's Symphony No. 9 was inspired by:Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Song of Hiawatha.Classical forms were abandoned during the Romantic era.FalseOf the following, who did NOT write a major concerto in the Romantic era?SchubertWhich position did Dvorak hold during his years in America?director of the National Conservatory of Music in New York CityBrahms's Symphony No. 3 is a program symphony.FalseDvorak set actual Native American tunes in his New World Symphony.FalseIn absolute music, musical ideas are organized without the aid of external images provided by a program.TrueThe true love of Brahms's life was Clara Schumann.TrueBy the Romantic era, concerts had moved from:the aristocratic palace to the public concert hall.Instrumental music endowed with literary, philosophical, or pictorial associations is called:program music.Grieg was a Finnish nationalist composer who wrote the much-loved symphonic poem Finlandia.FalseA multimovement programmatic work for orchestra is called:a program symphony.Baba Yaga was the witch in Grimm's tale "Hansel and Gretel."False"The Mighty Five" were composers from:RussiaA piece of program music for orchestra in one movement that, through several contrasting sections, develops a poetic idea or suggests a scene or mood is called:a symphonic poem.Grieg's music for Peer Gynt was published as a suite.TrueBerlioz was one of the boldest musical innovators of the nineteenth century.TrueSmetana's My Country is:a set of six symphonic poems.Who was the first composer to use the term symphonic poem?LisztIn Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique, what is the ide fixe?the basic theme of the symphony, heard in all movementsWho was the first Bohemian composer to achieve international prominence?SmetanaThe Dies irae is:a chant from the Mass for the Dead.Who composed the opera The Bartered Bride?SmetanaThe symphonic poem was created in the nineteenth century.TrueA symphonic poem is a multimovement programmatic work for orchestra.FalseIn the play Peer Gynt, Peer accomplishes several heroic deeds.FalseBerlioz's Symphonie fantastique is an example of:a program symphony.Which of the following is NOT a famous Russian ballet based on folklore?Prokofiev's Romeo and JulietWhat scene is depicted in Smetana's The Moldau?all of the aboveEdvard Grieg was an important representative of the Czech school of composition.FalseWhich of the following compositions is LEAST likely to be an example of program music?String Quartet in B-flat majorWhich composer is considered the first great exponent of musical Romanticism in France?BerliozEdvard Grieg is a composer from:NorwayWhich of the following is NOT characteristic of the music of Berlioz?It relies on traditional forms.The growth of nationalism became a decisive force within the Romantic movement.TrueNineteenth-century Russian composers had a strong tradition of utilizing folk tales as the basis of their compositions.TrueNationalistic composers expressed their nationalism by:employing native songs and dances in their works.Which of the following is a Finnish nationalist composer?Jean SibeliusHow many movements are in Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique?fiveAlthough a musical nationalist, Smetana avoided getting involved with political revolution.FalseMusic endowed with literary or pictorial associations is called absolute music.FalseRussia represented one of the major nationalist schools of composition in the Romantic era.TrueOf the following, which is NOT an orchestral work by Berlioz?Italian SymphonyThe Moldau represents:all of the aboveIn his Symphonie fantastique, Berlioz used a recurrent theme, which he called the ide fixe, symbolizing the beloved.TrueWhich of the following inspired Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique?the actress Harriet SmithsonNationalism can be seen in all of the following EXCEPT:Chopin's waltzes.Brahms's Symphony No. 2 in D major is a good example of a program symphony.FalseHector Berlioz was born and spent most of his career in:FranceHad movies been invented in the nineteenth century, to which genre of program music would film soundtracks be most similar?incidental musicWhich of the following is NOT a type of orchestral program music?concertoIn Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique, the ide fixe:all of the aboveFolk tales have had little influence on composers of Western classical music.FalseIncidental music to a play is generally considered to be absolute music.FalseMusorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition is an example of:program music.Smetana's The Moldau is a musical painting of a river.TrueGrieg's In the Hall of the Mountain King from Peer Gynt is unified by a recurring:themeNationalism found natural expression in music, among other arts.TrueMusic written for plays, generally consisting of an overture and a series of pieces to be performed between acts, is called:incidental music.Of the following, which does NOT characterize Grieg's Morning Mood from Peer Gynt?prominent roles for a solo trumpet and tromboneWhich of the following is NOT true of Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique?The program deals entirely with nature.The finale to Symphonie fantastique projects a satanic character.TrueExpressions of nationalism were more prevalent in Romantic music than in works of the Classical period.TrueIn Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique, the ide fixe melody appears only at the very end of the fourth movement, March to the Scaffold.FalseBerlioz was awarded the Prix de Rome in the year that he wrote his Symphonie fantastique.TrueGrieg's incidental music for Peer Gynt was written for a play by:Henrik Ibsen.Berlioz, who excelled in composing orchestral works, wrote no operas.FalseWho was the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?Louis Moreau GottschalkWhich of the following characterizes the published devotional music in America during the nineteenth century?simpler notation for people lacking music literacyFoster's Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair has an active piano accompaniment suggesting flowing water.FalseLouis Moreau Gottschalk is primarily remembered for composing parlor songs in the style of spirituals.FalseFoster's Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair contains a cadenza in every strophe.TrueHymns from eighteenth-century America survived only through oral traditions.FalseWhich of the following describes the music in America during the early nineteenth century?Music was largely imported from Europe.Which nineteenth-century American composer is best remembered for his popular ballads and minstrel show tunes?Stephen FosterThe form of Foster's Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is:strophicShape-note notation was used to help the general public read music.TrueFoster's Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is a:love song.Which of the following was NOT composed by Stephen Foster?When Johnny Comes Marching HomeChopin is credited with creating:the modern piano style.Chopin spent most of his productive life in:ParisChopin contributed much to the establishment of a modern piano style.TrueFanny Mendelssohn Hensel's The Year is her only symphonic poem.FalseFanny Mendelssohn Hensel's The Year is a cycle for:pianoWhat nineteenth-century composer's entire output centered around the piano?ChopinWhich of the following does NOT characterize the music of Chopin?reserved emotionsTitles such as Prelude, Impromptu, and Intermezzo are used for:short, lyric piano pieces.The mazurka is a Hungarian folk dance.FalseThe manuscript for Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel's September: At the River, from The Year, has poetic lines by:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.Chopin wrote in all genres of music, including opera and symphony.FalseNineteenth-century composers of the short, lyric piano piece included:all of the aboveWhat is the origin of the mazurka?a stately processional dance for nobilityThe form of Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel's September: At the River, from The Year, is:A-B-A'.Chopin primarily composed for which type of venue?salon or drawing roomFanny Mendelssohn Hensel was discouraged from pursuing a career as a composer because:she was a woman.Which composer is known as "the poet of the piano"?Frdric ChopinAs in the eighteenth century, nineteenth-century virtuoso pianists were almost always prominent composers as well.FalseThe short, lyric piano piece is the instrumental equivalent of:the song.How does Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel's The Year reach a level of achievement beyond her brother Felix?It is a large-scale work unified by musical and extra-musical links.Of the following, which type of piano work has a spacious form?balladePiano manufacturing remained unchanged until the technical advances of the early twentieth century.FalseAn tude is a short but highly technical study piece for piano.TrueSalon performances were usually open to the general public.FalseThe term tempo rubato means:borrowed time.With which famous novelist did Chopin become romantically involved?George SandThe term tempo rubato, associated with Chopin's music, means that the performer should:take liberties with the tempo.The rise in popularity of the piano was an important factor in shaping the musical culture of the Romantic era.TrueWhich of the following does NOT characterize Chopin's Mazurka in B-flat Minor, Op. 24, No. 4?standard A-B-A formFanny Mendelssohn Hensel's The Year has extra-musical connections.TrueChopin had a long relationship with the female writer George Sand.TrueMany Romantic piano works are in short, free forms.TrueFanny Mendelssohn Hensel is known for her large-scale orchestral compositions.FalseChopin is considered to be the national composer of:PolandWhich of the following did NOT characterize salons?They were generally hosted by wealthy male aristocrats.Which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the nineteenth-century piano?A second keyboard was added.Despite her gender, Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was encouraged by her family to pursue a career in music.FalseWhich of the following was NOT a genre of music written by Chopin?symphoniesFanny Mendelssohn Hensel's output is dominated by:Lieder and piano music.The most important keyboard instrument of the Romantic period was:the piano.Chopin's Mazurka in B-flat minor, Op. 24, No. 4, is in duple meter.FalseWho composed the piano cycle entitled The Year?Fanny Mendelssohn HenselSchumann wrote his song cycle A Poet's Love during his "year of song," in which he wrote hundreds of Lieder and also married Clara Schumann.TrueThe form of Schubert's Lied Elfking is through-composed.TrueThe song form that combines features of strophic and through-composed forms is called modified strophic.True____________ is NOT an important composer of nineteenth-century Lieder.Heinrich HeineThe favorite subjects for the Romantic poets were:love, longing, and nature.Schubert composed over six hundred Lieder.TrueSchubert was born in:ViennaFranz Schubert was a thoroughly Romantic composer whose music abandoned the forms and stylistic principles of Classicism.FalseSchubert lived a tragically short life but was a remarkably prolific composer of:all of the aboveSchumann's A Poet's Love is a:song cycle.Robert Schumann ended his career and life:in an asylum, the result of mental illness.The favorite Romantic poets for the composers of Lieder were:Goethe and Heine.In which form is the Lied Elfking?through-composedA song form in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of text is called:strophicGoethe and Heine were two of the leading nineteenth-century writers whose poetry was set by Lieder composers.TrueSchubert organized evening gatherings of artists, writers, and musicians, called:Schubertiads.Which of the following does NOT describe Schumann's "In the lovely month of May"?It ends with harmonic resolution.Robert Schumann's wife, Clara, was:all of the aboveA group of Lieder unified by some narrative thread or a descriptive or expressive theme is called:a song cycle.Which of the following was NOT a typical theme of the Romantic Lied?praise of the Virgin MarySchumann concentrated on intimate piano and vocal works and wrote no symphonies.FalseA German-texted song with piano accompaniment that sets a short lyric poem is called:a Lied.The rise of the piano as a household instrument influenced the popularity of the Lied.TrueA song structure that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections is called:through-composed.A song in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of the text is in strophic form.TrueSchumann's "In the lovely month of May" is from which song cycle?A Poet's LoveIn Schubert's Elfking, the obsessive triplet rhythm of the piano accompaniment represents:the galloping of the horse.Approximately how many songs did Schubert compose?more than 600The composer who founded the New Journal of Music was:Robert Schumann.Robert Schumann's A Poet's Love is set to texts by:Heinrich Heine.A song that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is in strophic form.FalseWhat is the form of "In the lovely month of May"?strophicWhich musical devices help to portray the child's terror in Elfking?high range and dissonanceThe mood of Schumann's "In the lovely month of May" is joyful and exuberant.FalseRobert Schumann was married to the gifted pianist and composer Clara Wieck.TrueWhich of the following does NOT describe Schumann's A Poet's Love?It tells a detailed story of a lost love.A song form where the main melody is repeated for two or three stanzas but has new or significantly varied material introduced when the text requires it is called:modified strophic.Schubert's prolific output includes works of every major genre.TrueSchubert wrote several song cycles, including:Winter's Journey.In which genre is Schubert NOT indebted to Classical traditions?LiedSchubert's song Elfking was a setting of the ballad written by:GoetheThe German term for the art song is:LiedSchumann was a carefree spirit with a happy disposition who lived a long, productive life as a composer.FalseThe poem Elfking was written by Heinrich Heine.FalseWhich of the following is true of Schubert's Elfking?all of the aboveWhich of the following is true of Romantic poets?all of the aboveThe society of the nineteenth century saw a few women make careers as professional musicians.TrueA Romantic symphony is generally longer than a Classical symphony.TrueSolo musicians became stars in the Romantic era, idolized by the public.TrueOne of the prime traits of Romantic artists was their emphasis on intense emotional expression.TrueAn interest in folklore and folk music resulted from the rise of nationalism.TrueOf the following, who is a noted woman composer of the Romantic era?Clara SchumannRomantic composers sought to make instruments sing. This statement best describes the element of:melodyWhich of the following women organized concerts featuring music by her brother?Fanny Mendelssohn HenselThe nineteenth century saw the rise of a new social order shaped by:the technological advances of the Industrial Revolution.Of the following, which does NOT describe Romantic orchestral music?Composers produced more symphonies than their Classical-era counterparts.Exoticism was expressed by incorporating folk music of one's own country within a composition.FalseThe Romantic orchestra was the same size as the Classical orchestra.FalseThe dynamic range of nineteenth-century orchestras was far greater than orchestras of the previous century.TrueIn the nineteenth century, women's talents were encouraged on the opera stage.TrueThe Romantics embraced conventional forms.FalseBrass instruments became more flexible due to the invention of:valvesOf the following instruments, which first appeared in the Romantic era?saxophoneWhat trend inspired composers to write music evoking scenes or sounds of far-off lands?exoticismThe desire for increased expressiveness in nineteenth-century music is communicated by the composer to the performer through new descriptive terms.TrueThe French Revolution signaled:the transfer of power from the aristocracy to the middle class.The Industrial Revolution produced less expensive musical instruments but with no technical improvements.FalseThe French Revolution did not affect the Romantic movement.FalseThe nineteenth-century novel found its great theme in the conflict between the individual and society.TrueWhich does NOT characterize Romantic music?reserved emotionsRomantic music is characterized by relatively less expression than music of earlier periods.FalseWhich of the following best describes the role of women in nineteenth-century music?The piano provided women with a socially acceptable performance outlet.The democratic character of the Romantic movement is illustrated by:all of the aboveOf the following, which does NOT describe orchestras of the nineteenth century?The size of orchestras decreased, making for more compact ensembles.The Leipzig Conservatory was founded by:Felix Mendelssohn.Mendelssohn's Italian Symphony, Bizet's Carmen, and Ravel's Spanish Rhapsody are examples of:exoticismOf the following, which was NOT a major theme of Romantic writers?idealized heroes of Greece and RomeNineteenth-century musicians continued to be viewed by society as glorified servants.FalseIn the Romantic era, skilled musicians were trained at:conservatoriesDuring the nineteenth century, concert life began to center in the:public concert hall.In the latter part of the eighteenth century, new opera types were devised that featured naturalness and simplicity.TrueDon Giovanni is Mozart's only major opera.FalseMozart's librettist for Don Giovanni was:Lorenzo da Ponte.Which of the following descriptions characterizes the story of Don Giovanni?It mixes elements of opera seria and opera buffa.The Requiem was Mozart's first major composition in Vienna.FalseWhich composer was born in Vienna and bridged the Classical and Romantic eras?SchubertIn the nineteenth century, the Mass was performed only in church.FalseThe rigid conventions of opera seria were shaped largely by:MetastasioDuring the Classical era, the prevalent form of opera, which occupied itself mainly with the affairs of nobility and Greek legends, was called:opera seria.What Mozart opera is based on controversial play by Beaumarchais?The Marriage of FigaroThe overture of Don Giovanni is in what form?sonata-allegroDon Giovanni is a comic opera about a legendary lover.TrueA musical setting of the Mass for the Dead is called:a Requiem.Which of the following composers is not a member of the Viennese School?LisztThe tone of the Catalog aria, from Don Giovanni, is:comicHow did comic opera differ from opera seria?all of the aboveDon Giovanni attempts to console Donna Elvira, who has been betrayed by:Don Giovanni.Comic opera was generally in the language of the audience, or the vernacular.TrueWhich of the following is NOT a characteristic of opera seria?a middle-class appealWhich of the following was NOT a new opera type that sought to reflect simplicity and real human emotions?opera seriaMozart's Don Giovanni is an example of opera seria.FalseThe catalog aria lists:Don Giovanni's conquests.Opera buffa was typically serious in tone, with plots dealing with historical or legendary figures.FalseBeethoven's Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2, was subtitled Moonlight by:the poet Rellstab shortly after the composer's death.Beethoven gave his Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2, the designation:quasi una fantasia.Which of the following was NOT a favored sonata instrumentation in the late eighteenth century?piano and trumpetThe dreamy first movement of the Moonlight Sonata features:all of the aboveSomeone other than Beethoven first suggested the subtitle of the Moonlight Sonata.TrueThe sonata is an instrumental work in one movement for one or two solo instruments.FalseBeethoven's Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2, was composed in his late style period.FalseBeethoven's famous Moonlight Sonata has ____________ movements.threeThe form of the first movement of Beethoven's Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2:is a modified song form.The outer movements of Beethoven's Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2, share a common mood and expressive quality.FalseIn the Classical era, the sonata was intended for professional musicians only.FalseThe first movement of Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata is full of stormy virtuosity.FalseThe third movement of Beethoven's Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2, is:filled with restless emotion.How many piano sonatas did Beethoven compose?thirty-twoThe second movement of Beethoven's Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2, is:a gentle scherzo and trio form.A typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment called:the cadenza.Mozart's Piano Concerto in G major, K. 453, begins with the first theme stated by the piano.FalseThe word concerto implies the opposition of two dissimilar elements, such as a soloist or solo group versus an orchestra.TrueMozart wrote his piano concertos primarily for his own public performances.TrueThe first movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto in G major, K. 453, is monothematic.FalseThe first movement of a Classical concerto features sonata-allegro form with:a double exposition.What is the form of the last movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto in G major, K. 453?theme and variationsHow many movements are in a Classical concerto?threeOf the following, which characterizes Maria Theresa von Paradis?all of the aboveIn the Classical concerto, the marking of andante or adagio would most likely apply to the third movement.FalseIn the final movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto in G major, K. 453, each variation is freely created without regard to the structure of the original theme.FalseThe most popular solo instrument in the Classical concerto was:the piano.The typical first movement of a Classical concerto begins with:the orchestra.The structure of the second movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto in G major, K. 453, resembles the standard first-movement form.TrueIn the first movement of a Classical concerto, there is usually a double exposition.TrueThe finale of a Classical concerto is often in rondo form.TrueHow many symphonies did Beethoven write?9Using material from an earlier movement in a symphony is called:cyclical form.The Classical symphony had its origins in the Italian opera overture.TrueBeethoven opposed democracy in favor of the rule of a strong leader.FalseThe second movement of Haydn's Military Symphony contains few dynamic contrasts.FalseThe establishment of a four-movement cycle for the symphony is generally credited to the London school of composers.FalseWhich of the following is NOT a typical form for the second movement of a Classical symphony?ritornelloBeethoven suffered perhaps the most traumatic of all maladies for a musician. What was it?deafnessThe Classical masters established the orchestra much as we know it today.TrueThe text of the Ode to Joy is by:SchillerThe number of players in the Classical orchestra was typically:30-40.The late symphonies of Haydn abound in expressive effects.TrueHow did Haydn's Military Symphony earn its nickname?It uses percussion instruments associated with Turkish military music.The first movement of a symphony is usually in:sonata-allegro form.Haydn's Military Symphony was composed for his visit to which city?LondonJanissary bands are associated with:TurkeyThe most important instrumental genre of the Classical period is:the symphony.The nickname "Father of the Symphony" was earned by:HaydnIn his third compositional period, Beethoven:used more chromatic harmonies.The Classical symphony had its roots in the:opera overture.What is the form of the second movement of Haydn's Military Symphony?A-B-A'What is the form of the second movement of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5?theme and variationsWhich of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5?a four-note motiveBeethoven supported himself through:all of the above.Beethoven set Schiller's Ode to Joy in the finale of his Symphony No. 5.FalseHow many movements does Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 have?fourQuick crescendos and the four-movement cycle in symphonies were developed in:MannheimHow many movements are typical of pre-Classical symphonies?threeAlthough Beethoven received support from music-loving aristocrats, he functioned primarily as a freelance, or independent, composer.TrueThe Ode to Joy is the finale to Beethoven's:Symphony No. 9.Which composer is noted for his monothematic sonata-allegro form?HaydnThe fourth movement of a Classical symphony is usually quicker and lighter than the first movement.TrueBeethoven is considered by some to be the supreme architect in music.TrueBeethoven was unable to compose music after he became deaf.FalseIn the Classical orchestra, which group of instruments serves as the ensemble's nucleus?stringsThe third movement of a Classical symphony is most frequently in:minuet and trio form.Which work by Beethoven is called the Choral Symphony?the Ninth SymphonyWhich Beethoven symphony was selected to celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall?the Ninth SymphonyBeethoven, like Mozart, wrote music very quickly and with great ease.FalseThe early Classical symphony is characterized by quickly ascending themes with a strong rhythmic drive. These are known as:rocket themes.Beethoven achieved much acclaim during his lifetime and died a famous and revered composer.TrueWhat is unusual about Beethoven's Symphony No. 5?There is no break between the third and fourth movements.Beethoven's career is often divided into ____________ periods.threeUnlike Mozart, Beethoven used sketchbooks to work out musical ideas.TrueBeethoven's sketchbooks were:books in which he worked out his musical ideas.Beethoven was born into a happy family that proved to be his greatest support.FalseBeethoven belonged to a generation of artists who were influenced by the full impact of:the French Revolution.In the Classical string quartet, the second movement is most frequently a quick, light allegro.FalseMozart is remembered today as:the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music.Mozart is known only as a composer of instrumental music.FalseThe melody for the slow movement of Haydn's String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3 became the national anthem for:GermanyWho was Haydn's principal patron?Prince EsterhzyChamber music is composed for a small ensemble with one player per part.TrueMusic for a small ensemble of two to about ten players with one player to a part is called:chamber music.The career of Joseph Haydn spanned the years from the formation of the Classical style to the beginning of Romanticism.TrueOf the following, who is NOT a major composer of string quartets?BachThe melody for Haydn's String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3, is taken from an obscure folk tune.FalseMozart died while writing his:Requiem Mass.The Classical string quartet literature follows the same basic formal design as the symphony and sonata.TrueMozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of:a serenade.Mozart was a child prodigy, already composing music by the age of five.TrueHaydn's String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3, was given the nickname "Emperor" because:The slow movement is based on a hymn written for the Emperor Franz Joseph.Eine kleine Nachtmusik is:German for "A Little Night Music."Chamber music blossomed in popularity in the Classical era.TrueIn the Classical era, the most common type of chamber music was the trio sonata.FalseThe patronage system failed to support Haydn, and he was forced to live by teaching and performing.FalseThe finale of Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of sonata-rondo form.TrueMozart was consistently supported by Vienna's most important patrons.FalseWhich of the following best describes the opening of the first movement of Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik?It has a march-like character.Which of the following best describes the form of the first movement of Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik?sonata-allegroA piano trio consists of:piano, violin, and cello.A string quartet consists of:2 violins, viola, and cello.Which composer rebelled against the patronage system and struggled to achieve financial independence?MozartHaydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to which country?EnglandHaydn served as a choirboy in:ViennaHaydn played a central role in the evolution of the string quartet.TrueThe form of the slow movement of Haydn's String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3, is:theme and variations.Which of the following best describes the Romanza from Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik?It has an elegant, restrained melody.Mozart's melodies are simple, elegant, and songful.TrueThe only basic rule of theme and variations form is that the theme must always be easily heard.FalseOf the following, which is characteristic of a jazz performance?improvisations on pre-established harmonic patternsIn musical compositions, a theme is:a musical idea that is used as a building block.Theme and variation form often utilizes which of the following compositional techniques?all of the aboveIn the Classical multimovement cycle, the third movement is usually in:minuet and trio form.We can best regard sonata-allegro form as a drama between:two key areas.In the nineteenth-century symphony, the minuet was often replaced by the scherzo.TrueThe three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, the development, and:the recapitulation.The term multimovement cycle is applied not only to sonatas and chamber music but also to concertos and symphonies.TrueWhich movement is the most highly organized and most characteristic of the multimovement cycle?firstIn absolute music, the lack of a prescribed story or text to hold the music together makes the element of ____________ especially important.formThe expansion and reworking of a theme within a composition is called thematic development.TrueThematic development provides clarity, coherence, and logic to larger forms of music.TrueThe development section manipulates thematic material from the exposition, while remaining in the tonic key.FalseThe slow movement of a multimovement cycle is most frequently the third movement.FalseThe Italian words da capo are commonly found in ____________ form.ternaryWhich of the following best describes absolute music?music without a story or textIn minuet and trio form, the trio section:all of the above.Thematic development occurs in all musical works, no matter what the size.FalseOf the following, which form would be found most likely be found as the last movement of a Classical sonata or symphony?a rondoWhat is the function of the bridge in sonata-allegro form?to modulate to a new keyIn the Classical multimovement cycle, which movement is most commonly in a contrasting key from the other three?secondWhich of the following is a common characteristic of the second movement of a multimovement cycle?lyrical, songful melodiesThe overall form of a minuet and trio is best described as:A-B-A.In sonata-allegro form, a modulatory section that leads from one theme to the next is called:a bridge.Which of the following is NOT a type of thematic development?literally repeating a melody at the same pitch levelHow does a scherzo differ from a minuet?A scherzo is faster and sometimes humorous, while a minuet is slower and serious.The psychological climax of sonata-allegro form appears when the tonic returns at the:recapitulationIn the Classical multimovement cycle, the third movement was typically a minuet and trio.TrueIn sonata-allegro form, the contrasting key is established by the statement of:the second theme.Repeating a motive at a higher or lower pitch level is called:a sequence.Which of the following genres does NOT usually follow the general structure of a multimovement cycle?overtureThe second dance, or the middle section, of a minuet, is called a:trioIn sonata-allegro form, the section that features the most tension and drama through modulation and motivic interplay is called:the development.A short, repeated musical pattern is called:an ostinato.The final section of a sonata-allegro movement, which rounds it off with a vigorous closing cadence, is:the coda.A theme may be fragmented by dividing it into smaller units called:motivesAsian music has some parallels with jazz in performance.TrueThe Classical period has been called the Enlightenment.TrueThe system in which the aristocracy sponsored musicians is called:patronageClassical-era composers rarely performed their own works in concerts.FalseWho is the French philosopher called the "father of Romanticism"?RousseauThe Classical period in music ranged from approximately:1750 to 1825.In the eighteenth century, composers were viewed as equals to those at the highest level of society.FalseDespite intellectual attitudes in the Classical era, few significant advances were made in the sciences.FalseInterest in Greek and Roman antiquity during the eighteenth century greatly influenced:all of the aboveWhich of the following was NOT an eighteenth-century ruler?Elizabeth I of EnglandThe American Declaration of Independence reflects the intellectual climate of the Classical era.TrueOf the following, which describes musical life in the Classical era?The rise of public performances gave composers new venues to perform their works.The Classical era saw the publication of important new encyclopedias.TrueEighteenth-century thinkers and artists turned away from the idealized civilization of the Greeks and Romans and embraced the realism of the Middle Ages.FalseRomantic elements can be found in the late works of Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven.TruePublic performances were rare in the Classical era.FalseMusic of the Classical era is characterized by lyrical, singable melodies.TrueThe Sturm und Drang movement came about largely because of two works, written by Schiller and:GoetheWhich of the following does NOT characterize the Classical style?highly chromatic harmonyWhich American president was a leading figure during the Classical period?Thomas JeffersonSome women achieved fame during the eighteenth century as opera singers and as solo instrumentalists.TrueA melody composed with a symmetrical four-bar phrase structure delineated by cadences is characteristic of the ____________ period.ClassicalThe concept of rhythmic regularity suggests:strong rhythms moving at a steady tempo.The audience of the eighteenth century, like that of today, was mainly interested in music from the past.FalseHow do Classical artists differ from their Romantic counterparts?Classical artists emphasize clarity and beauty of form.Of the following, which historical event did NOT have an impact on the Classical era?the Russian RevolutionWhich role in musical life was socially acceptable for eighteenth-century women?performerWhich of the following best describes the lyrical melodies of the Classical period?conjunct, diatonic, and singableThe Classical attitude toward art is considerably more objective than the Romantic.TrueWhich of the following composers was NOT a master of the Viennese school?ChopinThe harmony of the Classical-era composers was largely chromatic.FalseAs a reaction to the grandiose gestures of the Baroque, the Rococo style was a miniature and ornate art aimed at enchantment of the senses.TrueThe __________ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other.fugueWhich of the following was one of the greatest painters of the French Rococo?WatteauHow many preludes and fugues are contained in the two Well-Tempered Clavier volumes?48The Beggar's Opera was first presented in:LondonA chorale prelude:all of the aboveWhich of the following was NOT an important keyboard instrument in the Baroque?the pianoA keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills is:the harpsichord.A fugue is a contrapuntal composition in which a single subject is the focal point, thus unifying the work.TrueOpera buffa is comic opera from:ItalyThe prelude originated in improvisation on keyboard instruments.TrueWhich of the following is a set of forty-eight preludes and fugues by Bach?The Well-Tempered ClavierThe strings of a harpsichord are plucked by quills.TrueThe Beggar's Opera was written by:Gay and Pepusch.After the fugue subject is stated, the second entrance of the subject is called the:answerAt the beginning of a fugue, the countersubject is stated alone.FalseWhich of the following is NOT true of the Rococo?It emphasized the grandiose.A great French clavecinist and Rococo composer of the mid-eighteenth century was:Franois Couperin.A fugue is a form exclusively for solo keyboard performance.FalseWhat is the principal element of a fugue?counterpointIn which voice is the subject first heard in Contrapunctus I, from The Art of Fugue?the second to top voice, or altoThe Beggar's Opera had little impact on the development of opera in the eighteenth century.FalseIn a fugue, the technique of stating the theme in faster rhythmic values is called:diminutionJohn Gay's The Beggar's Opera makes use of ballads from the popular music of his day.TrueIn the field of keyboard music, Bach's most important collection was:The Well-Tempered Clavier.How many voices, or individual lines, are there in Bach's Contrapunctus I, from The Art of Fugue?fourThe opening section of a fugue, in which all voices successively introduce the subject, is called the:expositionThe harpsichord is incapable of crescendos and diminuendos.TrueWhat is a toccata?an improvisatory, virtuosic keyboard workBach's The Art of Fugue was scored for strings.FalseIn a fugue, the areas of relaxation where the subject is not heard are called:episodesThe harpsichord is different from the piano because:all of the aboveOf the following, which is NOT a contrapuntal device that alters the original theme?preludeBach's last demonstration of contrapuntal mastery was:The Art of Fugue.John Gay's The Beggar's Opera is best described as:a ballad or dialogue opera.The three main keyboard instruments of the Baroque were the harpsichord, organ, and piano.FalseThe instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called a:concertoThe solo instrument in Spring, from The Four Seasons, is:the violin.Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?VivaldiAntonio Vivaldi composed over two hundred concertos for solo violin.TrueThe typical solo concerto has __________ movements.threeBach composed the Brandenburg Concertos in the spirit of the concerto grosso.TrueVivaldi lived and worked in:VeniceThe opening movement of Spring, from The Four Seasons, features:ritornello form.A concerto based on the opposition of small and large groups of instruments is called a:concerto grosso.The accompanying group in a concerto grosso is called:the ripieno.Vivaldi lived in Venice, where he taught music at a girls' school.TrueVivaldi's solo concertos typically had four movements.FalseThe solo group in a concerto grosso is called:the concertino.Who composed the Brandenburg Concertos?BachIn the slow movement of Spring, from The Four Seasons, Vivaldi evokes a dog barking through:an ostinato rhythm.Vivaldi was known as "the red priest" for:the color of his hair.Which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by Vivaldi?The Four SeasonsBach's Brandenburg Concertos comprise __________ separate concertos.sixThe solo concerto is written for a solo instrument with a continuo accompaniment.FalseThe Four Seasons can be considered to be program music.TrueWhich of the following does NOT characterize Vivaldi's The Four Seasons?The concertos avoid ritornello form.Of the following wind instruments, which was not made of wood?trumpetThe form of the rondeau is:A-B-A-C-A.Today, Baroque music is played exclusively on modern instruments.FalseThe standard Baroque suite consists of a variety of international dance types.TrueThe Alla hornpipe from Handel's Water Music is in A-B-A form.TrueThe first era of Western music history in which instrumental music was as important as vocal music was the:BaroqueBaroque composers, like their Renaissance counterparts, generally did not specify instrumentation.FalseThe dominant instrument in Mouret's Rondeau is:the trumpet.Which of the following dance types was NOT standard in a Baroque suite?tarantellaThe Alla hornpipe movement from Water Music is characterized by:instrumental groups exchanging motivic ideas.Valves enabled Baroque trumpet players to become virtuosos.FalseThe Baroque period was the first in which instrumental music was comparable in importance to vocal music.TrueWhat is the form of each individual movement in a suite?binaryWhy is the music for Handel's Water Music marked by lively rhythms and catchy melodies?It was performed outdoors on barges.The courts of Louis XIV and Louis XV were known for their conservative austerity.FalseWhich of the following does NOT characterize the suite?Each movement is in a contrasting key.Who was the court composer to Louis XIV that was central to the development of French opera?Jean-Baptiste LullyOf the following, which is NOT a major difference between Baroque and modern violins?the general shape of the instrumentThe concept of the suite was applied to:all of the aboveA gigue is best described as:a lively sextuple-meter dance.Handel's Water Music was performed with doubled continuo instruments because it was played outdoors.FalseWater Music by Handel is best described as a:suiteMouret's Rondeau was most likely intended for an indoor theater concert.FalseAll movements of Bach's Cantata No. 140 make use of the chorale tune Wachet auf.FalseWhat is the form of the chorale tune Wachet auf?bar form (A-A-B)The libretto for Handel's oratorio Messiah is a compilation of verses from the Bible.TrueChorales were intended to be sung by a trained choir.FalseWhich of the following does NOT characterize an oratorio?elaborate sceneryDuring his lifetime, Johann Sebastian Bach was primarily known as a great organist.True"Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion" from Messiah is an example of:a da capo aria.The famous choral climax in Part II of Handel's Messiah is:the "Hallelujah Chorus."The "Hallelujah Chorus" is the climax of the Christmas section of Messiah.False__________ was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but spent much of his creative life in England.HandelGeorge Frideric Handel was considered a master of:the oratorio.Which of the following does NOT describe a chorale?Chorale tunes were originally conceived for polyphonic settings.The stories for oratorios are generally drawn from:the Bible.When Handel arrived in London, he established his fame by composing:operasMessiah begins with a French overture.TrueThe oratorio was a dramatic, staged work with elaborate scenery and costumes.FalseWhy is Messiah so popular in England and America today?all of the aboveJohann Sebastian Bach lived a short, unhappy life and had no children.FalseA chorale is a hymn tune associated with German Protestantism.TrueThe opening movement of Bach's cantata Wachet auf is best described as:a grand chorale fantasia.During his lifetime, Bach held the position of:all of the aboveWhich of the following is Handel's most famous oratorio, frequently performed today?MessiahIn Wachet auf, Bach avoids mirroring the form of the chorale in his chorale movements.FalseBach's Cantata No. 140, Wachet auf, has __________ movements.sevenThe duet from Bach's cantata Wachet auf (movement 3) is in ____________ form.da capo (A-B-A)A cantata must be written on a religious or sacred theme.FalseLate in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to:the oratorio.The role of the chorus was especially important in the oratorio.TrueBach was most famous in his day as a performer on:the organ.Bach completed just under one hundred cantatas in his lifetime.FalseHandel's Messiah is:an oratorio.The sacred cantata was an integral part of the:Lutheran church service.Monteverdi's The Coronation of Poppea is based on a Greek myth.FalseThe earliest operas took their plots from:Greek mythology.It was through the musical innovations of the __________ that opera was born.Florentine CamerataLully was the leading composer of opera in France.TrueRecitative that is just accompanied by continuo instruments is called secco.TruePurcell's opera Dido and Aeneas was composed for:a production at a girls' school.The aria "When I am laid in earth" is unified by a descending chromatic scale ground bass.TrueThe da capo aria is a set form and would have no improvisation.FalseThe vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called:recitativeThe greatest native-born English composer of the Baroque was:Henry Purcell.Dido's Lament from Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas is composed:over a ground bass.Strozzi's aria Amor dormiglione is in a da capo form.TrueWho was the librettist of Purcell's Dido and Aeneas?Nahum TateA highly emotional song in an opera is called:an aria.A drama that is sung is called:an opera.Dido's Lament, from Purcell's Dido and Aeneas, is a da capo aria.FalsePurcell's Dido and Aeneas was first performed at the girls' boarding school where he taught.TrueWhy does the opening melodic line ascend in Strozzi's Amor dormiglione?It suggests Cupid waking.A type of English entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called:masqueIn opera, the lyric melodies that release emotional tension are called recitatives.FalseIn seventeenth-century England, the masque was a popular type of aristocratic entertainment that combined vocal and instrumental music with poetry and dance.TrueWho is best viewed as the first master of opera?MonteverdiThe orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called:an overture.The acceptance of Barbara Strozzi in intellectual and musical circles was typical for women in the Baroque era.FalseOn which epic poem was Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas based?Virgil's AeneidDido sings her famous lament in Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas just prior to:killing herself.The text of an opera is called:the libretto.Early operas, such as Orfeo, were simple productions for intimate gatherings.FalseA characteristic of Baroque music is its constant fluctuation of dynamics.FalseDuring the Baroque period, composers showed an interest in the music of other cultures.TrueIn Baroque instrumental music, each piece (or movement) reflected a single mood, or affection.TrueDuring the Baroque era, some boy singers were castrated to preserve the high register of their voices, allowing them to sing high-pitched operatic roles.TrueImprovisation played little or no part in Baroque musical practice.FalseThe Baroque era was an age of political freedom and democracy.FalseThe new Baroque style of vocal music for one singer with instrumental accompaniment was known as monophony.FalseThe basso continuo was performed only by a chordal instrument.FalseThe transition from Renaissance to Baroque was characterized by the change from polyphonic to homophonic texture in music.TrueAmateur music-making at home was popular during the Baroque era.TrueDuring the Baroque era, women began entering the ranks of professional musicians, both as composers and as performers.TrueBaroque music frequently changes mood.FalseWhile playing the basso continuo, musicians in the Baroque era improvised on the figured bass.TrueBaroque composers used dissonance for emotional intensity and color.TrueBaroque music often features a steady, vigorous beat throughout.TrueReligion remained a driving force behind power struggles in the Baroque era.TrueOne of the most significant changes in music history occurred during the Baroque era: the transition from medieval church modes to major-minor tonality.TrueSumer is icumen in is one of the earliest examples of secular polyphony.TrueWhat is the form of a rondeau?A-B-a-A-a-b-A-BSumer is icumen in exemplifies what compositional device?roundBas instruments were used frequently for outdoor occasions during the Middle Ages.FalseTroubadours and trouvres were medieval poet-musicians.TrueEarly songs in Latin, such as those in Carmina burana, were created by:students in university towns.Although the "learned" vocal music of medieval church and court was routinely written down, much instrumental music was improvised.TrueMusic of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as:the Ars nova.Since Machaut was a cleric in the church, he wrote only sacred music.FalseWho composed the chanson Puis qu'en oubli?MachautMachaut's chanson Puis qu'en oubli is a ballade for three voices.FalseWhich of the following was NOT a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadours and trouvres?the rebirth of classical learningAn end-blown flute with a breathy tone is called:a recorder.Of the following, which is NOT a fixed poetic form?motetImprovisation was a technique employed in instrumental dance music of the Middle Ages.TrueThe outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:MachautIn Germany, aristocratic poet-musicians were called:MinnesingersThe French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the:chanson.The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is:the sackbut.Which of the following does NOT characterize Puis qu'en oubli?It has a monophonic texture.The fourteenth century witnessed a decreased focus on secular music.FalseSecular music was integral to medieval court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music.TrueMedieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning:soft or loud.Hildegard of Bingen was a leader of the Notre Dame school of early polyphony.FalseHildegard of Bingen wrote both the poetry and the music for Alleluia, O virga mediatrix.TrueOrganum was freely composed, with no preexisting basis.FalseThe modes served as the basis for European art music for less than one hundred years.FalseThe portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called:the Proper.For which liturgical occasion was Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix sung?a feast day for the Virgin MaryThe order of church services and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy.TrueThe Notre Dame style of polyphony, in which the tenor line was based on a preexisting chant melody and the upper voice moved freely (and more rapidly), was called:organumAn early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.True__________ is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church.Pope GregoryEarly notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending and descending signs called:neumesThe form of Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is A-A-B.FalseThe portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:the Ordinary.The early polyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called:the motet.The earliest type of polyphony was:organum.In the early Middle Ages, music was often written in fixed patterns of long and short notes known as rhythmic modes.TruePolyphony required the development of:rhythmic modes.The motet differs from organum with its emphasis on triads.FalseWhich religious figure is praised in the text of Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix?the Virgin MaryA setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be considered:neumatic.In what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur?Mass ProperOf the following, which does NOT describe life in the medieval cloister?being at the center of trade and commerceHildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix has a neumatic text setting with some melismas.TrueA setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called:syllabicA setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic.FalseThe service in the Roman Catholic Church that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is:the Mass.Which of the following does NOT characterize Gregorian chant?triadic harmoniesWhy does Gregorian chant sound so different from other types of Western music?There is no harmony.In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for:all of the aboveWhat is the primary language of the Mass?LatinOf the following, which woman was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music?Hildegard of BingenThe knowledge of early civilizations and the culture of the Middle Ages were preserved largely in monasteries.TrueRenaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism.FalseWhich institution supported music in Renaissance society?all of the aboveMost of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular.FalseOf the following, which is NOT a major literary landmark of the Middle Ages?Cervantes's Don QuixoteThe Renaissance was characterized by an increased awareness of the cultures of learned civilizations.TrueAlthough feudal society was male dominated, the status of women was raised by prevailing attitudes of chivalry and devotion to the cult of the Virgin Mary.TrueThe Frankish emperor who encouraged education and the concept of a centralized government was:Charlemagne.What characterizes humanism?all of the aboveThe Renaissance saw the rise of amateur musicians and home music-making.TrueRenaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways EXCEPT:as professional orchestral conductors.Why was the art music of the Middle Ages predominantly religious?The church patronized music extensively.The term Dark Ages formerly referred to the time:between 500 and 1000 C.E.The late Middle Ages witnessed:all of the aboveThe Renaissance first came to flower in France.FalseThe two centers of power during the early Middle Ages were the church and:newly formed centralized governments led by kings.Of the following, which does NOT represent the thinking of the Renaissance?an exclusively religious orientationAll of the following were Renaissance artists EXCEPT:Goya.Which historical event did NOT take place in the Renaissance?the writing of the Magna CartaDuring the Middle Ages, the status of women:was raised through the concept of chivalry held by knights and idealized in music.The two centers of power in the Middle Ages were the feudal lord and the state.FalseThe early exploration of the New World took place during the Renaissance.TrueWhy is Renaissance painting considered to be more realistic than medieval painting?Renaissance painters created a perspective that made it possible to see the whole simultaneously.The line between classical and popular music is clearly defined.FalseThe concept of style can be identified with:all of the aboveThe preservation of music without the help of written notation is called:oral transmission.What general term suggests something of the overall character of a work as well as its function?genreTitles of musical compositions may be indicated:all of the aboveThe Classical period:followed the Baroque and preceded the Romantic era.The style of a historical period is defined by:the total language of all its artists.The approximate dates for the Renaissance era are:1450-1600.Notated music of an urban and cultivated society is preserved through oral transmission.FalseA genre is a category or type of music repertory.TrueWork songs are most often responsorial.TrueWhich of the following is the proper chronological order of musical periods?medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, twentieth centuryOf the following, which is a universal function of music found in world cultures?all of the aboveMusical style is best defined as:the characteristic manner of presentation of a work.The dates given for the beginning and end of eras are precise ones.FalseSecular music is generally intended for religious occasions.FalseSpecialized choirs that perform with organ are called a cappella ensembles.FalseChamber music is intended for a small group of performers, with one player to a part.TrueThe upbeat is the strongest in any meter.FalseThe term band refers to:all of the aboveJohn Philip Sousa was famous as a composer of:marches.Most large musical ensembles use a conductor in order to perform together.TrueThe modern orchestra is typically made up of thirty to forty players.FalseThe term a cappella refers to choral music performed:without any accompaniment.The earliest wind and percussion groups were created for military purposes.TrueWhat distinguishes chamber music from orchestral music?the number of players on each partThe Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra by Britten is based on a dance tune by Beethoven.FalseBritten's The Young Persons Guide to the Orchestra exemplifies the forms of:variations and fugue.Approximately two-thirds of a symphony orchestra consists of:stringsA fairly large body of singers who perform together is called:a chorus.Which instruments are traditionally seated in the front of the orchestra?stringsWhich meter would be conducted in a down-right-up pattern?tripleWhat is the name for a Balinese or Javanese orchestra made up largely of gongs, drums, and xylophone-like instruments?gamelanA piano trio is an ensemble of three pianos.FalseThe term orchestra may be applied to various musical ensembles around the world.TrueThe standard instrumentation of a string quartet is two violins, viola, and cello.TrueA jazz band is normally made up of:all of the aboveThe pipe organ is a wind instrument, sounded by air.TrueThe special effect produced on a string instrument by plucking the string with the finger is called:pizzicatoChords whose notes are played in succession, as on the harp, are called:arpeggiosWoodwind instruments:all have a pipe with holes.Which of the following is NOT a member of the brass family?English hornAll woodwind instruments are made of wood.FalseThe piano got its name, originally "pianoforte," from:its wide dynamic range.Which of the following is NOT a percussion instrument?harpThe violin was highly developed by Italian instrument makers between about 1600 and 1750.TrueThe two categories of percussion instruments are pitched and unpitched.TrueWhat is double stopping?playing on two strings at onceThe trumpet is the lowest pitched instrument of the brass family.FalseOf the following statements, which describes the organ?all of the aboveThe most recently invented member of the woodwind family is the saxophone.TrueXylophone-like instruments are used in diverse world musics.TrueThe bugle has a wide range of pitches due to its valves.FalseOf the following, which is most likely used by a rock musician?solid-bodied electric guitarWhich of the following brass instruments is sometimes played with the performer's hand plugging the bell?French hornThe viola is somewhat smaller and higher pitched than a violin.FalseThe instruments of the Western orchestra are categorized in four groups: strings, brass, percussion, and:woodwindsOf the following, which is not a double-reed instrument?the clarinetMost percussion instruments fall into the categories of idiophones and aerophones.FalseThe percussion family is comprised of a variety of instruments that are made to sound by:striking or shaking.The guitar is most likely of African origin.FalseThe highest sounding member of the woodwind family is:the piccolo.The term pizzicato means to play in a throbbing manner.FalseTimpani are members of the __________ family of instruments.percussionIn string playing, the rapid movement of the wrist creates a throbbing effect called:vibrato.A player's embouchure refers to the position of their lips, jaws, and facial muscles.TrueThe piano is limited by a narrow range of pitches and dynamics.FalseWhich of the following is a double-reed instrument?the oboeWhich of the following is an unpitched percussion instrument?bass drumWhich of the following instruments is NOT a member of the bowed string family?the guitarThe soprano brass instrument sometimes described as possessing a brilliant timbre is:the trumpet.The device placed on the bridge of string instruments to muffle the sound is called:a mute.Which of the following is true of all brass instruments?all of the aboveWhich is the correct order of bowed string instruments from highest to lowest in range?violin, viola, cello, double bassHarmonics on a string instrument are produced by:lightly touching the string at certain points while the bow is being drawn.The bass instrument in the brass family is:the tuba.Of the following, which is a pitched percussion instrument?xylophoneOf the following, which is the lowest member of the double-reed family?the bassoonString instruments are generally played by either bowing or plucking.TrueInstruments that produce sound from a vibrating string are called:chordophonesA specific area within the range of a voice or instrument, such as high, middle, or low, is called:registerThe generally accepted term for the high male vocal range is:tenorA guitar is an example of a chordophone.TrueDrum-type instruments fall into the category of:membranophonesThe human voice:possesses lyric beauty and expressiveness that has served as a model for instrument builders and players.The standard ranges of the human voice from highest to lowest are:soprano, alto, tenor, bass.Throughout history, the voice has served as a model to instrumentalists and to instrument builders.TrueHow do idiophones produce sound?by shaking, scraping, or striking the instrument itselfA mechanism that generates musical vibrations and launches them into the air is called:an instrument.Of the following, which is NOT a chordophone?bagpipesThe term timbre refers to:the color of a tone.Flutes and whistles are classified as idiophones.FalseThroughout history, women's voices have held a central role in the performance of church music.FalseThe quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another is:timbreIn some cultures, women's voices are preferred for certain styles of music.TrueInstruments that produce sound by using air as the vibrating means are called:aerophonesWhich of the following voices has the lowest range?bassOf the following, which is NOT a property of a musical sound?textureThe gradual swelling of the volume of music is called:crescendoWhich of the following tempo markings is the fastest?prestoIn what language are tempo markings generally given?ItalianAllegro is an Italian term for a fast, cheerful tempo.TrueThe tempo of a piece affects its mood and character.TrueWhich of the following dynamic markings is the softest?pianissimo (pp)The degree of loudness or softness, or volume, at which music is played is called:dynamicsThe degree of loudness and softness in music is called dynamics.TrueAccelerando is a term indicating that the tempo is:getting faster.The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its:tempoThe markings for tempo and dynamics contribute most directly to:the expressive content of a piece of music.Which of the following tempo markings does NOT indicate a slow tempo?prestoWhich of the following symbols indicates growing louder?
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