minimalism as an artistic movement was a quizlet

minimalism as an artistic movement was a quizlet


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Asked by 3 years ago
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One of the greatest of all jazz improvisers and towering figure among bebop musicians was the saxophonistCharlie Parker
The Jazz style called swing flourished in America from1935-1945.
The most important elements in Anton Webern's are texture, tone color, anddynamics
Charles Ive's father was a(n)bandmaster
Early rock grew mainly out of _____, a dance of African Americans that fused blues, jazz, and gospel styles.rhythm and blues
Songs in musical comedies are usually in _____form.32-bar AABA
A variety show with songs, comedy, juggling, arcobats, and animal acts, but no plot, is calledVaudeville
The "king of swing" is generally acknowledged to have beenBenny Goodman
The composer, conductor, and pianist who began his spectacular career as substitute conductor of the New York Philharmonic on only a few hour's notice wasLeonard Bernstein.
One of the leading figures in the history of jazz, and the composer of such compositions as Black, Brown, and Beige, Sophisticated Lady, and Harlem Air Shaft, isDuke Ellington
Ostinato refers to amotive of phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section
Charles Ive's contains elements ofhymns, ragtime, village bands, barn songs, patriotic songs, and church choirs
The typical swing band had about fifteen musicians, grouped into three sections:Saxophones, brasses, and rhythm.
The introductory section of a musical comedy song is called theVerse
Many of Debussy's songs are set to poems by the symbolist poetPaul Verlaine
The ordering of the twelve chromatic tones in a twelve-tone composition is called aSeries, tone row, and set.
The poetic and musical form of blues was popularized around 1910 through the publication of Memphis Blues and St. Louis Blues composed byWilliam C. Handy.
The rhythm section of a jazz ensemble usually does not include thevibraphone
The most famous blues singer of the 1920's, known as the "empress of the blues" wasBessie Smith
The rhythm section of a swing band normally consisted ofpiano, percussion, guitar, and bass
In contrast to opera, the American musical tends tocontain more spoken dialogue, use simpler melodies and harmonies, use simpler forms
Around 1940, John Cage invented the prepared piano, a(n)grand piano whose sound is altered by objects such as a bolts, screws, rubber bands, pieces of felt, paper, and plastic inserted between the strings of some of the keys
A scale made of six different notes each a whole step away from the next is a ____ scale.WHOLE-TONE
John Cage's best-known work for prepared piano, and one of his most widely performed works, isSonatas and Interludes
Rock has been defined asvocal music with a hard driving beat often featuring electric guitar accompaniment and heavily amplified sound
A method of singing used by males to reach notes higher than their normal range is calledFalsetto
Bebop differed from earlier jazz forms in that itWas meant for attentive listening, not dancing.
The major center of jazz from about 1900 to 1917 wasNew Orleans
The harmonic progressions of rock are usuallyQuite simple.
Short repeated melodic phrases frequently used during the swing era are calledRiffs.
The dominant dance of the 1970's wasDisco
New Orleans style Dixieland flourished in the United Statesfrom 1900 to 1917
Applachian Spring originated as aballet score
The "king of ragtime" is acknowledged to beScott Joplin
Bebop, as a musical style, developed in theEarly 1940s.
Serialism is a compositional technique in whicha series of rhythms, dynamics, or tone colors serve as a unifying idea
Vaudeville isa variety show with songs, comedy, juggling, acrobatics, and animal acts without a plot
During most of his lifetime, Ive's musical compositionsaccumulated in the barn of his Connecticut farm
American jazz, with its syncopated rhythms and improvisational quality, had an influence onIgor Stravinsky, Cluade Debussy, Aaron Copland, and George Gershwin
Duke Ellington was an important figure inSwing.
Skravinsky's life took a sudden turn in 1909, when he met the director of the Russian Ballet,Sergei Diaghilev
Impressionism as a movement originated inFrance
A piano is often used in twentieth- century orchestral music toadd a percussive edge
Bela Bartok's principal performing medium wasThe piano.
Ragtime isa style of composed piano music, performed at a moderate march tempo, generally in duple meter (all of the above)
Rock is based on a powerful beat in quadruple meter with strong accents on _____ of each bar.second and fourth beats
A typical rock group consists ofTwo electric guitars, electric bass, percussion and electric keyboard
Generally, music comedy is in ___ act(s).two
The glissando, a technique widely used in the twentieth century, isA rapid slide up or down a scale.
Aaron Copeland was born inBrooklyn, New York
Schoenberg's personality inspired and loyalty among his students, including Alban Berg andAnton Weburn
William Grant Still's opera dealing with the Haitian slave rebellion isTroubled Island
Expressionist music stressesfragmentation, harsh dissonance, and unusual instrumental effects
The best-known American ensemble created in the 1930s by a radio network to broadcast live music was theNBC Symphony Orchestra
The typical form of a swing composition is32-bar AABA
Ragtime flourished in the United Statesfrom the 1890s to about 1915
Neoclassical compositions are characterized byforms and stylistic features of earlier periods
Igor Stravinsky's Rite of Spring is scored foran enormous orchestra
Blues music is usually written in ____ time.4/4
Rhapsody in Blue opens witha solo clarinet
Minimalist music is characterized bya steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent repetition of short melodic patterns
A dramatic turning point in Debussy's career came in 1902 whenhis opera Pelleas et Melisande was premiered
A type of basic rock popular in the 1980s characterized by sexually explicit lyrics, bizarre costumes, and tremendous volume, is known asheavy metal
Scat singing, which Louis Armstrong introduced into jazz, isvocalization of a melodic line with nonsense syllables
The main section of musical comedy song is called thechorus
Bartok's _______ are widely thought to be the finest since those of Ludwig van Beethovanstring quartets
The expressionist movement was largely centered inGermany and Austria
Harlem Renaissance was the namesometimes given to a flowering of African American culture during the years 1917 - 1935
Leonard Bernstein was a well-knownauthor-lecturer, conductor, and composer of orchestal and vocal works
The empress of the blues wasBessie Smith
The melodic instruments, or cornet, clarinet, and trombone, of a Dixieland band were known as thefront line
Porgy and Bess is anopera
The front line of a Dixieland group includedcornet, clarinet, and trombone
William S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan were the writers ofThe Mikado
Duke Ellington was perhaps the most important composer, arranger, and conductor of the ____ era.Swing
The backbone of a jazz ensemble is itsrhythm section
Minimalism as an artistic movement was areaction against the complexity of serialism and the randomness of chance music
Schoeberg's teacher washimself
Two notable blues compositions are Memphis Blues and St. Louis Blues, byWilliam C. Handy
One of the most important solo instruments of the swing era was thesaxophone
The Mikado, widely performed in the United States around the turn of the century, was written byW.S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan
A golden era of American musical theater was created from about1920 - 1960
The first opera created for television was Gian-Carlo Menotti'sAmahl and the Night Visitors
George Gershwin grew up inNew York, New York
Bela Bartok was a leading authority on _____ musicpeasant
An African American dance music that fused blues, jazz, and gospel styles known asrhythm and blues
William Grant Stillplayed the violin in the university string quartet while a college student
In jazz, each statement of the basic harmonic pattern or melody is called achorus
Schoenberg developed an unusual style of vocal performance, halfway between speaking and singing, calledSprechstimme
A kind of rhythmic talking accompanied by a sick jockey who manipulates recordings on tow turntables to create a collage of rhythmic effects is known asrap
Claude Debussy's most famous orchestral work was inspired by a poem byStephane Mallarme
A style of rock music that sprang from the political and concerns in the West Indies is calledreggae
The Gershwin song that became a tremendous hit in 1920 wasSwanee
William Grant Still's Afro-American Symphonyuses a blue theme in the first movement which reappears as a unifying thread in various transformations in the tree later movements
The Beatles's recording _____ can be considered a unified song cycleSgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
The Beatles's influence on American rock music may be seen through later performer's use ofnew electronic and instrumental sounds, unconventional chord progressions, and classical and nonwestern instruments
Igor Stravinsky dramatically changed his style in the 1950s to favorthe twelve-tone system
George Gershwin's first piano teacher washimself
In 1921 Aaron Copland began a three-year period of study inFrance
The leading figures in the free jazz movement wereJohn Coltrane and Ornette Coleman
Cool jazz emergedduring the late 1940s and early 50s.
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