which of the following statements regarding crush syndrome is correct?

# which of the following statements regarding crush syndrome is correct?

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which of the following areas of the body has the thinnest skinears
what layer of the skin forms a watertight, protective seal for the bodyEpidermis
the germinal layer of the epidermis contains pigment granules that are responsible forcolor
which of the following statements regarding the dermis is correctthe dermis contains hair follicles, swear glands, and nerve endings
the sebaceous glands produce sebum, a material thatwaterproofs the skin and keeps it supple
all of the following body structures are lined with mucous membranes, except forlips
functions of the skin include all of the following exceptthe production of aintbodies
when a person is exposed to a cold environmentwhen a person is exposed to a cold environment peripheral vessels constrict and divert blood away from the skin
which of the following processes occurs during the inflammation phase of the healing processthe immune system releases histamines which cause vasodilation and increases capillary permeability, resulting in local redness and swelling
during the normal wound healing process, bleeding may occur from even a minor injury becausenew capillaries that stem from intact capillaries are delicate and take time to become as stable as the preexisting capillaries
a closed soft tissue injury characterized by swelling and ecchymosis is called anContusion
which of the following statement regarding crush syndrome is correctcompromised arterial blood flow leads to crush syndrome and can occur when an area of the body is trapped for longer than 4 hours
the hallmark sign of compartment syndrome ispain out of proportion to the injury
when assessing a patient with a closed soft tissue injury, it is most important toremain alert for more severe underlying injuries
in addition to external bleeding the most significant risk that an open soft tissue injury exposes a patient to isinfection
which of the following open soft tissue injuries is limited to the superficial layer of the skin and results in the least amount of blood lossabrasion
a lacerationis a jagged cut caused by a sharp object or blunt force trauma
an injury that separates various layers of soft tissue, resulting in complete detachment or a flap of skin is called anavulsion
a 56 year old man has an incomplete avulsion to his right forearm . after controlling any bleeding from the wound, you shouldreplace the avulsed flap to its original position and cover it with a sterile dressing
which of the following statements regarding penetrating injuries is correctexternal bleeding may be minimal but internal injuries can be extensive
during your assessment of a patient who was shot in the abdomen, you notice a large entrance wound with multiple small puncture wounds surrounding it. this wound pattern is most consistent with ashotgun
a 39 year old male was struck in the head by a baseball during a game. he is confused, has a large hematoma in the center of his forehead, and cannot remember the events preceding the injury. after manually stabilizing his head and assessing his airway you shouldadminister high flow oxygen
during your assessment of a 22 year old male who was assaulted, you note widespread contusions and abrasions to his face, chest, and abdomen. his pulse is rapid and weak, and his skin is cool and clammy. you shouldadminister oxygen and prepare for rapid transport
as you approach a young male who was involved in an industrial accident, you note that his eyes are closed and that he is not moving. you can see several large contusions to his arms, a laceration to his forehead with minimal bleeding, and a closed deformity to his right leg. you should:open his airway and assess his berthing status
your are assessing a 30 year old woman with multiple large bruises to her chest and abdomen that she experienced during an assault. she is conscious but restless, and her skin is cool and pale. you should be most concerned withthe fact that her clinical signs could indicate that she is bleeding internally
a 17 year old male was shot in the right anterior chest during an altercation with a gang member. as your partner is applying 100% oxygen, you perform a rapid secondary assessment and find and open chest wound with a small amount of blood bubbling from is you shouldapply an occlusive dressing to the wound and continue your assessment
an abdominal eviscerationoccurs when organs protrude through an open wound
a 33 year old male sustained an abdominal evisceration to the left lower quadrant of his abdomen after he was cutting with a large knife. after appropriately managing his ABCs and assessing him for other life threatening injuries, how should you care for his woundcover it with moist, sterile gauze and secure with an occlusive dressing
in which of the following patients should you remove an impaled objecta pulseless and apneic patient with a knife impaled in the back
a construction worker fell approximately 30 ft and landed in a pile of steel rods. your assessment reveals that his is pulseless and apneic ad his a 10" steel rod impaled in his left leg. you shouldcontrol the bleeding, begin CPR, stabilize the steel rod, immobilize his spine, and transport immediately
a teenage boy who was involved in a bicycle accident has a puncture wound where the bicycle kickstand impaled his leg. the most appropriate method fr treating this injury is tounbolt the kick stand from the bike frame and stabilize it with a bulky dressing
in addition to severe bleeding, the most life threatening complication associated with an open neck injury isan air embolism
an 8 year old was bitten by a stray dog. he has a large laceration to the back of his left hand, which you and your partner covered with a sterile dressing and bandage. in addition to transporting the child to the hospital you shouldreport the incident to the appropriate authorities
in contrast to animal bites, the bite of a humancarries with it a wide variety of virulent bacteria and viruses
during an alterication in a bar, two patrons got into a fist fight. the first patient, a 44 year old female, was struck in the mouth and refuses EMS care. the second patient, a 309 year old female, has a small laceration to her left knuckle and also refuses EMS care. which of the following statements regarding this scenario is MOST correctthe 39 year old female is at high risk for infection
burns are classified according todepth and extent
which of the following is a severe burn in a 35 year old patientcircumferential partial thickness burn to the chest
which of the following is a severe burn in a 65 year old patientpartial thickness burn to 20 % of the
which of the following is of least importance when initially assessing the severity of a burnknow drug allergies
a burn that is characterized by redness and pain is classified as afirst degree burn
a partial thickness burn involves the outer layer of the skin and a portion of thedermal layer
patients with full thickness burns (3rd degree burn) burns generally do not complain of pain becausethe nerve endings have been destroyed
which of the following statements regarding severe burns is correctsevere burns are typically a combination of all degrees burns
common signs and symptoms of an airway burn include all of the following exceptchest pressure
burns to pediatric patients are generally considered more serious then burns to adults becausepediatric patients have more surface area relative to total body mass
according to the rule of palm method for estimating the extent of a patients burns, the palm of the patients hand is equal to _____ of his or her total BSA1%
which of the following statements regarding the rule of nines is correctthe anterior trunk of an adult is equal to 18 % of the BSA
with regard to the pediatric rule of nines, thelegs are priportionately smaller then an adults
a 21 year old male was working in an auto repair shop and sustained radiator burns to the anterior aspect of both arms and to his anterior chest. according to the rule of nines, this patient has burns that cover _____ of his BSA18%
a 5 year old female pulled a pot of boiling water from the stove. she has superficial partial thickness burns to her head and anterior trunk. what % of her body surface area has been burned30 %
which of the following is a severe burn in a 2 year old childany full thickness burn, regardless of its location on the body
when caring for a patient whose arm is covered with a dry chemical, you shouldbrush away the chemical before flushing with water
in order for electricity to flow through the body and cause damagea complete circuit must exist between the electrical source and the ground
functions of dressings and bandages include all of the following exceptimmobilization of the injury
you have applied a dressing and a roller gauze bandage to a laceration on the arm of a young female. during transport, she begins to complain of numbness and tingling in her hand. You should :assess distal circulation and readjust the bandage as needed
a utility worker was trimming branches and was electrocuted when he accidentally cut a high power line. her fell approximately 20' and is lying unconscious on the ground, the power line is lying across his chest. you shouldrapidly asses the patient after ensuring that the power lines in not live
which of the following statements regarding electrical burns is correctentrance wounds are small relative to the amount of internal tissue damage
a 38 year old male was electrocuted while attempting to wire a house. your assessment reveal stat he is unresponsive, pulseless, and apneic. a coworker has shut off the power to the house. you shouldbegin CPR and attach the AED
you and your partner arrive at the scene of a house fire where fire fighters have rescued a 50 year old male from his burning house. the patient has superficial and partial thickness burns to his face and chest. his nasal hairs are singed and he is coughing up sooty sputum you should be most concerned withthe potential for airway swelling
when treating a partial thickness burn, you shouldavoid the use of creams, lotions, or antiseptics
A 17-year-old male was shot in the right anterior chest during an altercation with a gang member. As your partner is applying 100% oxygen, you perform a rapid secondary assessment and find an open chest wound with a small amount of blood bubbling from it. You should:apply an occlusive dressing to the wound and continue your assessment
The germinal layer of the epidermis contains pigment granules that are responsible for skin:color
You are assessing a 30-year-old woman with multiple large bruises to her chest and abdomen that she experienced during an assault. She is conscious but restless, and her skin is cool and pale. You should be MOST concerned with:the fact that her clinical signs could indicate that she is bleeding internally.
A 21-year-old male was working in an auto repair shop and sustained radiator burns to the anterior aspect of both arms and to his anterior chest. According to the rule of nines, this patient has burns that cover _____ of his BSA.18%
What layer of the skin forms a watertight, protective seal for the body?epidermis
When treating a partial-thickness burn, you should:avoid the use of creams, lotions, or antiseptics.
Common signs and symptoms of an airway burn include all of the following, EXCEPchest pressure.
In contrast to animal bites, the bite of a human:carries with it a wide variety of virulent bacteria and viruses.
An 8-year-old male was bitten by a stray dog. He has a large laceration to the back of his left hand, which your partner covered with a sterile dressing and bandage. In addition to transporting the child to the hospital, you should:report the incident to the appropriate authorities.
A utility worker was trimming branches and was electrocuted when he accidentally cut a high-power line. He fell approximately 20 and is lying unconscious on the ground; the power line is lying across his chest. You should:rapidly assess the patient after ensuring that the power line is not live.
In addition to external bleeding, the MOST significant risk that an open soft-tissue injury exposes a patient to isinfection.
During your assessment of a 22-year-old male who was assaulted, you note widespread contusions and abrasions to his face, chest, and abdomen. His pulse is rapid and weak, and his skin is cool and clammy. You should:administer oxygen and prepare for rapid transport.
Which of the following statements regarding severe burns is correct?Severe burns are typically a combination of all degrees of burn.
A partial-thickness burn involves the outer layer of skin and a portion of the:dermal layer.
A laceration:is a jagged cut caused by a sharp object or blunt force trauma.
A burn that is characterized by redness and pain is classified as a:first-degree burn.
When assessing a patient with a closed soft-tissue injury, it is MOST important to:remain alert for more severe underlying injuries
You have applied a dressing and roller-gauze bandage to a laceration on the arm of a young female. During transport, she begins to complain of numbness and tingling in her hand. You should:assess distal circulation and readjust the bandage as needed.
An abdominal evisceration:occurs when organs protrude through an open wound
When a person is exposed to a cold environment:peripheral vessels constrict and divert blood away from the skin.
All of the following body structures are lined with mucous membranes, EXCEPT for the:lips.
A teenage boy who was involved in a bicycle accident has a puncture wound where the bicycle kickstand impaled his leg. The MOST appropriate method for treating this injury is tounbolt the kickstand from the bike frame and stabilize it with bulky dressings.
Which of the following statements regarding the rule of nines is correct?The anterior trunk of an adult is equal to 18% of the BSA.
A 33-year-old male sustained an abdominal evisceration to the left lower quadrant of his abdomen after he was cut with a large knife. After appropriately managing his ABCs and assessing him for other life-threatening injuries, how you should care for his wound?Cover it with moist, sterile gauze and secure with an occlusive dressing.
Which of the following statements regarding electrical burns is correct?Entrance wounds are small relative to the amount of internal tissue damage.
A closed soft-tissue injury characterized by swelling and ecchymosis is called a(n)contusion.
An injury that separates various layers of soft tissue, resulting in complete detachment or a flap of skin, is called a(n):avulsion.
In addition to severe bleeding, the MOST life-threatening complication associated with an open neck injury is:an air embolism.
Patients with full-thickness (third-degree) burns generally do not complain of pain because:the nerve endings have been destroyed.
Functions of the skin include all of the following, EXCEPT:the production of key antibodies.
A 56-year-old male has an incomplete avulsion to his right forearm. After controlling any bleeding from the wound, you should:replace the avulsed flap to its original position and cover it with a sterile dressing
Which of the following is a severe burn in a 2-year-old child?any full-thickness burn, regardless of its location on the body
Which of the following is a severe burn in a 65-year-old patient?partial-thickness burn to 20% of the BSA
A utility worker was trimming branches and was electrocuted when he accidentally cut a high-power line. He fell approximately 20 and is lying unconscious on the ground; the power line is lying across his chest. You shouldrapidly assess the patient after ensuring that the power line is not live.
Which of the following areas of the body has the thinnest skin?ears
In order for electricity to flow through the body and cause damage:a complete circuit must exist between the electrical source and the ground.
The sebaceous glands produce sebum, a material that:waterproofs the skin and keeps it supple
When caring for a patient whose arm is covered with a dry chemical, you should:brush away the chemical before flushing with water.
Which of the following statements regarding penetrating injuries is correct?External bleeding may be minimal but internal injuries can be extensive.
What is the leading form of injury?Soft-tissue trauma.
What is the largest organ in the body?The skin, it is also our first line of defense against external forces and infection
Which areas have thick/thin skin?Thick - Scalp, Back, and Soles of the feet Thin - Eyelids
What is the epidermis?The outer layer of skin that acts as a watertight protective covering.
What is the dermis?The inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels.
What is sebum?It is produced by the subaceous glands. It is an oily material that waterproofs the skin and keeps it safe.
What are mucous membranes?The linings of body cavities and passages that are in direct contatct with the outside environment (mucous membranes are moist, while skin is dry)
What is the function of the skin?-It protects the body, keeping pathogens out & water in -Assisting in body temperature regulation -The nerves report sensations to the brain
What are the three types of soft-tissue injuries?1)Closed- damage occurs beneath the skin, surface intact 2)Open- break in the surface, exposing deep tissues 3)Burns- damage occurs as a result of thermal heat, frictional heat, toxic chemicals, or nuclear radiation
In persons with lightly pigmented skin, a pink line of scar tissue is?It signals the presence of collagen, a structural protein that has reinforced the damaged tissue.
What are the steps of healing?1)Stopping blood flow, clotting begins 2)Inflammation, cells migrate to the wound and dilation occurs with the presence of histamine 3)New layer of cells must move into the region, cells quickly multiply and redevelop across the edge of the wound 4)New blood vessels form, the body attempts to brink O2 and nutrients to the site Wound Healing does not always follow the pattern (infection, abnormal scar, bleeding or slow healing
Thermal burns can occur?When the skin is exposed to temperatures higher than 111F (44C)
In general, the severity of a thermal injury correlates directly with?Temperature, concentration, or amount of heat energy possessed by the object.
Closed soft-tissue injuries are characterized by?1)History of blunt trauma 2)Pain at the site of injury 3)Swelling beneath the skin 4)Discoloration
What is a contusion?It is a bruise from an injury that causes bleeding beneath the skin without breaking the skin.
What is ecchymosisDiscoloration associated with a closed wound; signifies bleeding
What is a hematoma?It is blood that has collected within damaged tissue or in a body cavity.
When can a hematoma occur?It occurs whenever a large blood vessel is damaged and bleeds rapidly; usually associated with extensive tissue damage. Can result from: soft tissue injury, fracture, or injury to large blood vessel
What is a crushing injury?It is an injury that occurs when a great amount of force is applied to the body. -Extent is determined by force & amount of time
What is crush syndrome?It is a significant metabolic derangement that develops when crushed extremities or body parts remain trapped for prolonged periods. This can lead to renal failure and death. Body part released, floods with toxins
What compartment syndrome?Swelling in a confined space that produces dangerous pressure; may cut off blood flow or damage sensitive tissue. Pain out of proportion to the injury
What is contamination?The presence of infective organisms or foreign bodies such as dirt, gravel, or metal.
What are the four types of open soft-tissue wounds?1)Abrasions 2)Lacerations 3)Avulsions 4)Penetrating wounds
What is an abrasion?Loss or damage of the superficial layer of skin as a result of a body part rubbing or scraping across a rough or hard surface.
What is a laceration?It is a jagged, open wound.
What is an incision?A sharp, smooth cut.
What is an avulsion?An injury in which soft tissue is torn completely loose or is hanging as a flap.
What is fascia?It is the fiberlike connective tissue that covers arteries, veins, tendons, and ligaments.
What should you do for an avulsion?1)If hanging, place in original position only if not contaminated 2)If complete, wrap in sterile gauze and transport to ER
What is an amputation?An injury in which part of the body is completely severed.
What is a penetrating wound?It is an injury resulting from a sharp, pointed object.
What is the MOI for a blast injury is due to these factors?1)Primary blast injury 2)Secondary blast injury 3)Tertiary blast injury
Reasons why a patient will need immediate transportation:1)Poor initial general impression 2)Altered level of consciousness 3)Dyspnea 4)Abnormal vital signs 5)Shock 6)Severe pain
For the physical examination what should you look for?1)Be alert for Raccoon eyes, Battle's sign, & Drainage 2)Jugular vein distention, Tracheal deviation & Pt's with stomas or tracheostomies 3)Check pelvis for stability 4)Check abdomen, all four quadrants 5)Check extremities & PMS (pulse, motor, & sensory)
Treat a closed soft-tissue injury by applying?Rest - keep pt as quiet & comfortable as possible Ice - slow bleeding and reduce pain Compression - apply pressure to slow bleeding Elevation - raise above heart to decrease swelling Splinting - decreases bleeding & reduces pain by immobolizing
If the wound is in the chest or upper abdomen place?An occlusive dressing on the wound.
Methods to control open injuries or external bleeding?1)Direct, even pressure and elevation 2)Pressure dressings and/or splints 3)Tourniquets
For impaled objects, do not attempt to move or remove teh object unless it is?Impaled through the cheek causing airway obstruction, or if the object is in the chest and interferes with CPR.
How do you secure open neck injuries?1)Control bleeding & utilize an occlusive dressing 2)Apply manual pressure, but do not compress the carotid
What is rabies, and what is the cause for concern?It is an acute, potentially fatal viral infection of the central nervous system that can affect all warm blooded animals
How do you determine burn severity?1)What is the depth of the burn? 2)What is the extent of the burn? 3)Are any critical areas involved? 4)Does the patient have a preexisting medical condition? 5)Is the patient younger than 5 years/older than 55 years?
How to determine burnsSevere - FT more than 10%, PT more than 30% Moderate - FT 2-10%, PT 15-30%, Superficial more than 50% Minor - FT less 2%, PT less 15%, Superficial less than 50%
What are superficial burns?First-degree; involve only the top layer of skin, the epidermis (sun burn)
What are partial-thickness burns?Second-degree; involve the epidermis and some portion of the dermis. Blisters are present & cause intense pain*
What is a full-thickness burn?Third-degree; extend through all skin layers and may involve subcutaneous layers, muscles, bone, or internal organs
What are useful techniques to determine the extent of burns?1)The rule of palm 2)The rule of nines
What are thermal burns?Burns caused by heat.
What is a flame burn?A burn caused by an open flame.
What is a scald burn?A burn caused by hot liquids.
What is a contact burn?A burn caused by direct contact with a hot object.
What is a steam burn?A burn caused by exposure to hot steam.
What is a flash burn?A burn caused by exposure to very intense heat, such as in an explosion.
All patients with large surface burns should?Have a dry dressing applied; to help maintain body temperature, prevent infection, and provide comfort.
How are the upper and lower airway affected with inhalation burns?Upper - associated with inhalation of superheated gases Lower - associated with inhalation of chemicals & particle matter
Why is CO dangerous?1)CO binds to receptor sites on hemoglobin at least 250 times more easily than oxygen 2)Most people have 2% CO attached to their hemoglobin; levels higher than 50% or higher may be fatal 3)Pulse oximeter readings will read normal
Why are radiation burns dangerous?1)Most ionizing radiation accidents involve gamma or x-rays 2)Radiation burns require special rescue techniques beyond the training of EMT 3)4-6 Gy (severe), more than 8 Gy (immediately fatal)
You have been called by a family for their mother, who is "not acting right". On scene you find the 69 year old woman to be confused and seemingly slow in talking. her airway is open and respirations are 12 per minute. Her pulse rate is 58 beats per minute and her skin is cool to the touch, despite the thermostat keeping the house at normal room temperature. Family also states that she has been this way for about three days before then seemed to do doing just fine. Your partner obtains a blood pressure that is 104/52 mmHg. When getting a medical history from the family, which piece of information would make sense, given the presentation of the patient?"Mom suffers from a low thyroid".
You are assessing a conscious but confused hunter who became lost in the woods on a cold day. Your assessment shows him to have an open airway, adequate breathing, and a weak radial pulse. His skin is cold to the thouch and he is shivering. The EMT should recognize that the:shivering is a protective means by which the body is attemping to warm itself.
Which one of the following idicates the most significant mechanism by which the body can lose heat?Radiation
The primary assessment on a teenage male patient who is unresponsive with skin that is hot, moist and flushed reveals his airway to be open, breathing shallow, and radial pulse weak. You are providing positive pressure ventlation. Which one of the following should you do next?Transfer him into the ambulance.
A hypothermic patient is in cardiac arrest. The AED is applied and delivers one shock. Which one of the following actions would the EMT perform nextStart CPR.
The EMTshould recognize heat cramps as the probably cause of a patient's problem when the patient states:"I have pain in my belly and legs."
You have been in charge of creating a protocol that will direct care provided by EMS. In regards to a drowning patient who is severely hypothermic and in cardiac arrest, what would you propose?Apply the AED and shock only once if indicated.
Which one of the following best describes a patient suffering an environmental emergency?Male patient who is intoxicated, has collapsed in the snow, and is complaining that he feels cold
You have been called to a residence for a patient who is sick. On scene the family tells you that the patient is being treated for the "stomach flu" and has had a fever of 102F for the past two days. She has been taking all of the medications prescribed by her doctor but this evening became very "sweaty." Assessment shows her to be stable with a pulse of 88, respirations 18, adequate blood pressure of 128/68 mmHg, and an oral temperature of 100.2F. Based on this, the EMT should recognize thepatient's body is cooling itself by transferring heat into the sweat, which is then evaporated into the air
A patient at a mountain ski resort presents to you with notable shortness of breath. She denies any past medical history and takes no medications. Your assessment reveals crackles to the bases of both lungs. After applying oxygen, you realize that the key to helping this patient improve is to:remove to a lower attitude.
The EMT shows that he understands the danger of heat stroke when he states:"In heat stroke, the body loses its ability to rid itself of excess heat, causing the core temperature to rise."
You are transporting a patient who was bitten on her hand by a spider about 20 minutes ago. On scene the primary assessment revealed no life threats and vital signs were stable. While conducting your ongoing assessment, which one of the following would be of most concern to the EMT?Hives to the chest and abdomen.
Medical direction has ordered you to begin rewarming an unresponsive patient with a core temperature of 93F Which one of the following measures would best benefit this patient?Wrap the patient in several warm blankets.
- A young male who was angry with friends wandered away from a party and spent the night outside uncovered in 40 to 50 degree temperatures. He is confused, has decreased, but adequate breathing, and a weak radial pulse. His skin is cool and capillary refill delayed. When looking to see if he is shivering, you note that he is not. Based on this presentation, which one of the following can the EMT safely conclude?The patient's body temperature is most likely dangerously low.
When moving a patient with severe generalized hypothermia, which one of the following instructions is most appropriate?"I want everyone to take extra care in moving her very gently to the stretcher. We do not want her to go into cardiac arrest.
A patient has been bitten by an unidentified snake. Which one of the following statements made by the patient would lead the EMT to believe that the snake was poisonous?"Its head was triangular."
You are transporting a 44 year old male who was stung multiple times by fire ants. Which one of the following patient statements should concern you most?"I am beginning to feel itchy all over."
When cooling a patient with possible heat stroke, which one of the following would be of most concern to the EMT?Determining that the patient is shivering after having cold packs applied to the neck
- An intoxicated 24 year old female was struck by lightning and is conscious, but confused. Which one of the following assessment findings should the EMT investigate first?Irregular heart beat.
When obtaining a history of a five year old boy with generalized hypothermia, which one of the following questions should be asked first?"How long was he out in the cold?"
A person is in a hot environment and his body is successfully compensating to off-load the excess heat. Which one of the following assessment findings best illustrates this process?Warm and diaphoretic skin, elevated heart rate, increaseed respirations.
- You have been called to a park for a teenage boy who is "sick". On scene you find a 16 year old male who knows his name but is confused about place and time. Friends state that they have been playing basketball most of the morning and afternoon. The temperature is in the 90s and the humidity is high. His airway is patent and his breathing is fast but adequate. His pulse is weak and rapid. Observation of his skin reveals it to be pale, cool, and moist. Oxygen is being administered via nonrebreather face mask. Which one of the following would be approprate care for this patient?Place him supine on the stretcher in ambulance with air conditioning set on "high".
Which statement made by an EMT shows that he understands the care of a patient with a localized cold injury to the foot?"While it is best to remove wet clothing from the patient, it is best to leave clothing that is frozen to the skin in place."
A patient who is conscious and breathing has been pulled from a stream of cold water. To decrease her loss of heat via the mechanism of conduction, the EMT should immediately:remove her wet clothing.
You are called to a construction site on a hot and humid day for a male patient suffering a heat emergency. On scene you find a 49 year old man who is responsive to verbal stimuli. Coworkers state that the patient has been moving concrete blocks all day in the hot weather and has not rested, eaten, or had anything to drink in the past two hours. After conducting the primary assessment, you note his airway to be open and breathing rapid but adequate. His radial pulse is rapid and bounding, and his skin is hot and dry. Which one of the following signs makes this patient a priority for immediate and rapid transport?Hot and dry skin.
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