which of the following most accurately describes hyperthermia?

which of the following most accurately describes hyperthermia?

S
9.9k points
Dysbarism Injuries-any signs and symptoms caused by the difference between surrounding atmospheric pressure and the total gas pressure in various tissues, fluids, and cavities of the body
Factors Affecting Exposure-physical condition -age -nutrition and hydration -environmental conditions
Hypothermia-a condition in which the body core temperature falls below 95 degrees Farenheit (35 degrees Celcius) after exposure to a cold environment
Conduction-the loss of heat by direct contact -e.g., when a body part comes into contact with a colder object
Convection-the loss of body heat caused by air movement -e.g., breeze blowing across the body
Evaporation-conversion of water or another fluid from a liquid to a gas
Radiation-the transfer of heat to colder objects in the environment by radiant energy, for example heat gain from a fire
Respiration-the loss of body heat as warm air in the lungs is exhaled into the atmosphere and cooler air is inhaled
Core Temperature-the temperature of the central part of the body (e.g., the heart, lungs, and vital organs)
Frostbite-damage to tissues as the result of exposure to cold -frozen body parts
Ambient Temperature-the temperature of the surrounding environment
Hyperthermia-a condition in which the body core temperature rises to 101 degrees Farenheit (38.3 degrees Celcius) or more
Heat Cramps-painful muscle spasms usually associated with vigorous activity in a hot environment -if a patient with a sudden onset of abdominal cramps has been exercising vigorously in a hot environment, you should suspect heat cramps
Heat Exhaustion-a form of heat injury in which the body loses significant amounts of fluid and electrolytes because of heavy sweating -also called heat prostration or heat collapse
Heatstroke-a life-threatening condition of severe hyperthermia cause by exposure to excessive natural or artificial heat, marked by warm, dry skin -severely altered mental status -often irreversible coma
Turgor-the ability of the skin to resist deformation -tested by gently pinching skin on the forehead or back of the hand -in dehydration, with poor skin turgor, the skin will remain tented after pinching
Drowning-the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid
SCUBA-a system that delivers air to the mouth and lungs at various atmospheric pressures, increasing with the depth of the dive -stands for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus
Diving Reflex-slowing of the heart rate caused by submersion in cold water
Air Embolism-air bubbles in the blood vessels
Decompression Sickness-a painful condition seen in divers who ascend too quickly, in which gas, especially nitrogen, forms bubbles in blood vessels and other tissues -also called "the bends"
Breath-Holding Syncope-loss of consciousness caused by a decreased breathing stimulus
Reverse Triage-a triage process in which efforts are focused on those who are in respiratory and cardiac arrest, and different from conventional triage where such patients would be classified as deceased -used in triaging multiple victims of a lightning strike
Antivenin-a serum that counteracts the effect of venom from an animal or insect
Hymenoptera-a family of insects that includes bees, wasps, ants, and yellow jackets
Hypothermia can worsen internal bleeding secondary to:-blood clotting abnormalities
Drowning is MOST accurately defined as:-death from suffocation after submersion in water
Breath-holding syncope is caused by a decreased stimulus to breathe and occurs when:-a swimmer hyperventilates prior to entering the water
Which of the following statements regarding lightning strikes is correct?-lightning often results in a brief period of asystole that resolves spontaneously
Which of the following statements regarding drowning is correct?-laryngospasm following submersion in water makes rescue breathing difficult
Signs of late heatstroke include:-weak, rapid pulse
Most of the serious injuries associated with scuba diving are caused by:-too rapid of an ascent
A person's ability to shiver is lost when his or her body temperature falls below:-90 degrees Farenheit (32 degrees Celcius)
___________ causes body heat to be lost as warm air in the lungs is exhaled into the atmosphere and cooler air is inhaled.respiration
Evaporation, the conversion of a liquid to a gas, is a process that requires:energy
The rate and amount of heat loss by the body can be modified by all of the following except:increasing fluid intake
The characteristic appearance of blue lips and/or fingertips seen in hypothermia is the result of:blood vessels constricting
Signs and symptoms of severe systemic hypothermia include all of the following except:shivering
Hypothermia is more common among all of the following except:long-distance athletes
To assess a patient's general temperature, pull back your glove and place the back of your hand on the patient's:abdomen, underneath clothing
Never assume that a(n) __________, pulseless patient is dead.cold
Management of hypothermia in the field consists of all of the following except:massaging the cold extremities
All of the following conditions refer to when exposed parts of the body become very cold, but not frozen, except:frostbite
When the body is exposed to more heat energy than it loses, __________ result(s).hyperthermia
Contributing factors to the development of heat illnesses include all of the following except:increased fluid intake
It is important to remain hydrated while on duty. Drink at least ________ of water per day, and more when exertion or heat is involved.3 liters
Which of the following statements about heat cramps is false?they only occur when it is hot outdoors
Signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion and associated hypovolemia include all of the following except:normal thirst
Most spinal injuries in diving incidents affect the:cervical spine
Often, the first sign of heatstroke is:a change in behavior
The least common but most serious illness caused by heat exposure, occurring when the body is subjected to more heat than it can handle and normal mechanisms for getting rid of the excess heat are overwhelmed, is:heatstroke
_________ is the body's reaction to an irritation of water entering the lower respiratory tract.laryngospasm
Treatment of drowning and/or near drowning begins with:rescue and removal from the water
In a diving emergency, ___________ occurs when bubbles of gas, especially nitrogen, obstruct the blood vessels.decompression sickness
If the near drowning victim has evidence of upper airway obstruction by foreign matter, which of the following would not be considered a method for clearing it?place the patient in the recovery position to allow drainage
You should never give up on resuscitating a cold-water drowning victim because:the resulting hypothermia can protect vital organs from the lack of oxygen
The three phases of a dive, in the order they occur, are:descent, bottom, and ascent
Areas usually affected by descent problems include:the lungs
Potential problems associated with rupture of the lungs include all of the following except:hemopneumothorax
The organs most severely affected by air embolism are the:brain and spinal cord
Black widow spiders may be found in:New Hampshire woodpiles Georgia
Coral snake venom is a powerful toxin that causes __________ of the nervous system.paralysis
Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Lyme disease are both spread through the tick's:saliva
Signs of envenomation by a pit viper include all of the following except:chest pain
Removal of a tick should be accomplished by:using fine tweezers to pull it straight out of the skin
Which of the following statements regarding the brown recluse spider is false?it is larger than the black widow spider
Treatment of a snake bite from a pit viper includes:calming the patient providing BLS as needed if the patient shows no sign of envenomation marking the skin with a pen over the swollen are to note whether swelling is spreading
At 1400 in July, the weather is 105 degrees F and very humid. You have been called for a "man down" at the park. As you arrive, you recognize him as an alcoholic who has been a "frequent flyer" with your service. It looks like he had been sitting under a tree when he fell over, unconscious. As you assess the patient, he has cold, clammy skin and a dry tongue. You suspect that:he has suffered heat exhaustion
At 1400 in July, the weather is 105 degrees F and very humid. You have been called for a "man down" at the park. As you arrive, you recognize him as an alcoholic who has been a "frequent flyer" with your service. It looks like he had been sitting under a tree when he fell over, unconscious. As you look closer, you note that he is shivering and his respirations are 20 breaths/min. You begin to have a stronger suspicion that he is now getting:hypothermic
At 1400 in July, the weather is 105 degrees F and very humid. You have been called for a "man down" at the park. As you arrive, you recognize him as an alcoholic who has been a "frequent flyer" with your service. It looks like he had been sitting under a tree when he fell over, unconscious. The direct transfer of heat from his body to the cold ground is called:conduction
At 1400 in July, the weather is 105 degrees F and very humid. You have been called for a "man down" at the park. As you arrive, you recognize him as an alcoholic who has been a "frequent flyer" with your service. It looks like he had been sitting under a tree when he fell over, unconscious. You pull back on your glove and place the back of your hand on his skin at the abdomen. and skin feels cool. Again, you suspecthypothermia
At 1400 in July, the weather is 105 degrees F and very humid. You have been called for a "man down" at the park. As you arrive, you recognize him as an alcoholic who has been a "frequent flyer" with your service. It looks like he had been sitting under a tree when he fell over, unconscious. How will you treat this patient?prevent conduction heat loss prevent convection heat loss remove the patient from the environment
Small infant have a poor ability to thermoregulate and are unable to shiver to control heat loss until about the age of:12-18 months
Most heat stroke cases occur when the temperature is around _________ and the humidity is 80%.80 degrees F
T/F Normal body temperature is 98.6 degrees F.T
T/F To assess the skin temperature in a patient experiencing a generalized cold emergency, you should feel the patient's skin.T
T/F Mild hypothermia occurs when the core temperature drops to 85 degrees F.F
T/F The body's most efficient heat-regulating mechanisms are sweating and dilation of skin blood vessels.T
T/F People who are at greatest risk for heat illnesses are the elderly and children.T
T/F The strongest stimulus for breathing is an elevation of oxygen in the blood.F
T/F Immediate bradycardia after jumping in cold water is called the diving reflex.T
T/F Ice should be promptly applied to any insect sting or snake bite with swelling.F
T/F The most common type of pit viper is the copperhead.F
T/F Cottonmouths are known for aggressive behavior.T
T/F Ticks should be removed by firmly grasping them with tweezers wile rotating them counterclockwise.F
T/F The pain of coelenterate stings may respond to flushing with cold water.F
T/F If you are unsure as to whether a hypothermic patient has a pulse present, palpate the carotid artery for 15 to 20 seconds.F
T/F The goal with the patient with moderate-to-severe hypothermia is to prevent further heat loss.T
T/F After a lightning strike you should practice reverse triage.T
T/F Extremes in temperature and humidity are needed to produce hot or cold injuries.F
T/F When approaching a water rescue scene, it is better to drive through moving water than through stagnant water.F
T/F Potential safety hazards in the environment can include wet grass, mud, or icy streets.T
T/F Long-sleeved shirts and long pants are considered dangerous for EMS responders in extreme heat and are not necessary because they provide only minimal protection from exposure.F
Do not attempt to actively rewarm patients who have _________ to _________ hypothermia, because they are prone to developing arrhythmias unless handled very carefully.moderate; severe
Most significant diving injuries occur during __________.ascent
When treating a patient with frostbite, never attempt ____________ if there is any chance that the part may freeze again before the patient reaches the hospital.rewarming
A patient at an altitude above 10,000' with shortness of breath and cough with pink sputum is likely to be suffering from ___________ _________ _________.high-altitude pulmonary edema
___________, a common effect of hypothermia, is the body's attempt to maintain heat.shivering
Whenever a person dives or jumps into very cold water, the _________ _________ may cause immediate bradycardia.diving reflex
Mild hypothermia occurs when the core temperature is between ___________ and __________.90 degrees F; 95 degrees F
The ____________ and ___________ systems are the most commonly injured during a lightning strike.cardiovascular; nervous
_________ is the third most common cause of death from isolated environmental phenomena.lightning
_________ is a serum containing antibodies that counteracts venom.antivenin
__________ (bees, wasps, ants, and yellow jackets) stings are painful but are not medical emergencies unless the patient is allergic to the venom.hymenoptera
Most snake bites occur between _________ and ___________, when the animals are active.April; October
In the United States, the most common form of pit viper is the __________.rattlesnake
_________ are eight-legged arachnids with a venom gland and stinger at the end of their tail.scorpions
Tick bites occur most commonly during the _______ months.summer
One-third of patient with Lyme disease will have a ________ rash.bull's-eye
To treat a sting from a jellyfish, pour ________ ________ on the affected area.acetic acid
Coelenterates are responsible for more ________ than any other marine animal.envenomations
Toxins from the spines of urchins and stingrays are _________ __________.heat sensitive
Most frostbitten parts are:hard and waxy
If a patient has a cold skin temperature, he or she likely is:hypothermic
If a patient has a hot skin temperature, he or she likely is:hyperthermic
When treating multiple victims of lightning strikes, who should you concentrate your efforts on first?unconscious patients in respiratory or cardiac arrest
What is the best method of inactivating a jellyfish sting?applying vinegar
You are dispatched to a residence for a young female who is sick. The patient complains of a rash to her lower extremities and truncal area. Your assessment reveals a small, painful blister on her inner thigh. As your partner is taking the patient's vital signs, she states that she and her family returned from a camping trip two days ago. On the basis of this patient's presentation, you should suspectlyme disease
The diving reflex may allow a person to survive extended periods of submersion in cold water secondary to:bradycardia and the slowing of a metabolic rate
When a warm hand is immersed in water that is 70F (21C), heat is transferred from the hand to the water through a process called:conduction
A dysbarism injury refers to the signs and symptoms related to changes inbarometric pressure
To assess a patient's general temperature, pull back on your glove and place the back of your hand on his or her skin at the:abdomen
The body's natural cooling mechanism, in which sweat is converted to a gas, is called:evaporation
eriatric patients are at a higher risk for heatstroke because:circulation to the skin is reduced
Which of the following conditions would be the LEAST likely to increase a person's risk of hypothermia?hyperthermia
Patients with generalized hypothermia are at an increased risk of a local cold injury becauseblood is shunted away from the extremities to the body's core
Compared to adults, infants and children are at higher risk for hypothermia for all of the following reasons, EXCEPT:a relatively small surface area
High air temperature reduces the body's ability to lose heat by:radiation
You are transporting a 28-year-old man with a frostbitten foot. The patient's vital signs are stable and he denies any other injuries or symptoms. The weather is treacherous and your transport time to the hospital is approximately 45 minutes. During transport, you should:protect the affected part from further injury
A frostbitten foot can be identified by the presence of:mottling and blisters
The EMT must assume that any unwitnessed water-related incident is accompanied by:a spinal injury
You are assessing a 33-year-old male who complains of severe abdominal pain, weakness, and nausea. He tells you that he was gathering wood to build a fire when he felt a sudden, sharp pain on the back of his hand. Your assessment reveals that the patient's abdomen is rigid and painful to palpation. You should suspect:a black widow spider bite
Hypothermia occurs when the core body temperature falls below:95 degrees fareinheit or 35 degrees celsius
Which of the following would be the LEAST likely to occur in a patient with a core body temperature of between 89F (32C) and 92F (33C)?tachycardia
Most of the serious injuries associated with scuba diving are caused by:too rapid of an ASCENT
You receive a call to a residence for a sick patient. Upon your arrival, you find the patient, a 53-year-old diabetic male, lying down on his front porch. His wife tells you that he had been mowing the lawn in the heat for the past 3 hours. The patient is confused and has hot, moist skin. His pulse is weak and thready, and his blood pressure is 90/50 mm Hg. In addition to administering 100% oxygen, you shouldload him into the ambulance and perform rapid cooling interventions
While drinking beer with his friends near a creek, a 31-year-old male was bitten on the leg by an unidentified snake. The patient is conscious and alert and in no apparent distress. Your assessment of his leg reveals two small puncture marks with minimal pain and swelling. In addition to administering oxygen and providing reassurance, further care for this patient should include:supine positioning, splinting the leg, and transporting.
Signs of late heatstroke include:a weak rapid pulse
In order for sweating to be an effective cooling mechanism:it must be able to evaporate from the body
Geriatric patients, newborns, and infants are especially prone to hyperthermia because they:exhibit poor thermal regulation
Which of the following conditions would be the LEAST likely to increase a person's risk of hypothermia?hyperglycemia
You are dispatched to a local high school track and field event for a 16-year-old male who fainted. The outside temperature is approximately 95F (35C) with high humidity. Upon your arrival, the patient is conscious, alert, and complains of nausea and a headache. His skin is cool, clammy, and pale. You should:move him into the cooled ambulance
A 30-year-old male was rescued after being lost in the woods for approximately 18 hours. The outside temperature is 30F (-1C). He is immediately placed in the warmed ambulance, where you perform a primary assessment. He is unconscious, pale, and apneic. After initiating artificial ventilations, you should:assess for a carotid pulse up to 45 seconds
Common signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion include all of the following, EXCEPT:hot, dry skin
Which of the following medications increases a person's risk of a heat-related emergency?diuretics
The venom of a black widow spider is toxic to the:nervous system
The venom of a brown recluse spider is cytotoxic, meaning that it:causes severe local tissue damage
The body's natural protective mechanisms against heat loss are:vasoconstriction and shivering
Drowning is MOST accurately defined as:death from suffocation after submersion in water
In contrast to the brown recluse spider, the black widow spider:is large and has a red-orange hourglass mark on its abdomen
A 20-year-old male was pulled from cold water by his friends. The length of his submersion is not known and was not witnessed. You perform a primary assessment and determine that the patient is apneic and has a slow, weak pulse. You should:provide rescue breathing, remove wet clothing, immobilize his spine, keep him warm, and transport carefully
All of the following terms are used to describe a cold body part that is not frozen, EXCEPT:frostbite
The MOST prominent symptom of decompression sickness is:abdominal or joint pain.
You respond to a local lake where a diver complains of difficulty breathing that occurred immediately after rapidly ascending from a depth of approximately 30. On assessment, you note that he has cyanosis around his lips and has pink froth coming from his nose and mouth. You should:suction his mouth and nose, apply high-flow oxygen, position him on his left side with his head down, and contact medical control regarding transport to a recompression facility.
You and your partner are standing by at a large social event at a river resort when a frantic woman tells you that she found a young male floating face-down in the water. Nobody claims to have witnessed the event. After you and your partner enter the water and reach the patient, you should:move him as a unit to a supine position.
Which of the following is an early sign of pit viper envenomation?local swelling and ecchymosis
Your assessment of a 23-year-old female reveals a core body temperature of 93.4F (34C). She is conscious, answers your questions appropriately, is shivering, and complains of nausea. Her skin is cold and pale, her muscles appear rigid, and her respirations are rapid. In addition to monitoring her ABCs, administering oxygen, and turning up the heat in the back of the ambulance, you should:place heat packs to her groin, axillae, and behind her neck; cover her with warm blankets; and avoid rough handling
The two MOST efficient ways for the body to eliminate excess heat are:sweating and dilation of skin blood vessels
The transfer of heat to circulating air, such as when cool air moves across the body's surface, is called:convection
To obtain the MOST accurate reading of a patient's core body temperature, you should place a special hypothermia thermometer:into the patients rectum
When the body loses sweat, it also loses:electrolytes
Which of the following MOST accurately describes hyperthermia?The body is exposed to more heat than it can lose.
Shivering is a mechanism in which the body generates heat by:increasing metabolic rate
Rough handling of a hypothermic patient with a pulse may cause:ventricular fibrillation
A 48-year-old male was stung on the leg by a jellyfish while swimming in the ocean. He is conscious and alert, but complains of intense pain at the wound site. Specific treatment for this patient includesirrigating the wound with vinegar and immersing his leg in hot water.
A person's ability to shiver is lost when his or her body temperature falls below90 degrees
An air embolism associated with diving occurs whenthe diver holds his or her breath during a rapid ascent.
Which of the following statements regarding lightning strikes is MOST correct?Lighting often results in a brief period of asystole that resolves spontaneously
Heat cramps are MOST likely the result ofloss of water and electrolytes
Approximately 12 hours after scuba diving with her friends, a 29-year-old female presents with pain in her elbows and knees. She is conscious and alert and is breathing with adequate tidal volume. When asked, she states that she may have ascended too rapidly during her dive, but didn't experience any symptoms until now. When treating this patient, you shouldplace her in a left lateral recumbent position with her head down
Which of the following statements regarding drowning is MOST correct?Laryngospasm following submersion in water makes rescue breathing difficult.
Burns associated with lightning strikes are typicallysuperficial
Heatstroke occurs whenthe body's heat-eliminating mechanisms are overwhelmed.
Geriatric patients are at a higher risk for heatstroke becausecirculation to the skin is reduced
Breath-holding syncope is caused by a decreased stimulus to breathe and occurs whena swimmer hyperventilates prior to entering the water
A patient with a core body temperature of 92F will MOST likely experiencerapid breathing
The EMT must assume that any unwitnessed water-related incident is accompanied bya possible spinal injury
Signs and symptoms of an air embolism include all of the following, EXCEPTpale skin
Heat loss from the body through respiration occurs whenwarm air is exhaled into the atmosphere
When assessing a hypothermic patient, you should palpate for a carotid pulse for approximately __________ seconds before determining that he or she is pulseless.30-45 seconds
Which one of the following bone injuries would be classified as occurring in the appendicular component of the skeletal system?Right-hip fracture.
Which one of the following is true regarding strains and sprains?Strains affect a muscle or muscle and tendon; sprains are injuries to a joint capsule with damage or tearing of connective tissue and ligaments.
Which one of the following statements describes the benefit of using the pneumatic antishock garment (PASG) to splint a potential pelvic fracture?It can effectively stabilize the pelvis and help to control internal bleeding.
Which one of the following emergency care measures for a patient with a possible bone fracture can be an effective means to reduce pain?Splinting the fracture.
Which one of the following emergency care measures for a patient with a possible bone fracture can be an effective means to reduce pain?Splinting the fracture.
A young man riding a motorcycle was hit head on and ejected from the bike. Your scene size-up reveals him to be lying supine in the roadway with obvious deformity to his right thigh and left ankle, with blood noted to his parts in these areas. Patient assessment reveals he is unresponsive with snoring respirations and is breathing 16 times per minute. His radial pulse is moderate in strength, and his skin is warm and dry. Which one of the following actions should be performed first?Take and maintain manual in-line spinal stabilization.
A 57 year-old male patient has fallen 20 feet from the roof of his home while setting up holiday lights on his roof. He impacted the ground feet first and has suffered open fractures to both tibias, with both bones protruding through the skin. Your assessment reveals him to be responsive to painful stimuli. His airway is repaid and his radial pulse is weak. The skin is cool and diaphoretic. According ot family, he has no medical history. Your partner is providing positive pressure ventilation. At this point in the patient's care, it is priority for you to:look for other injuries.
A patient fell and sustained an open fracture to the left humerus. However, assessment reveals the bone to have been pulled back into the arm. Bleeding from the site is controlled. How will splinting the left arm benefit this patient?Decreases the opportunity for further injury to nerves and blood vessels.
A football player injured his knee during practice and is in pain. His left knee is swollen, ecchymotic, and flexed in an upward position. Your partner reports that the distal skin is warm, and he has located a weak pedal pulse. Which one of the following should you perform?Splint the knee in the position found prior to providing trransport to the hospital.
The secondary assessment of a patient complaining of right leg pain after falling down several stairs reveals a break in the skin where a fractured tibia bone broke through and then retreated back into the leg. The EMT should recognize this assessing which one of the following injuries?Open fracture.
A patient has a history of tendonitis of the right elbow. Based on this, the EMT should understand that the:tissue connecting the muscle to the bones of the elbow is inflamed.
A patient exhibits swelling and deformity to the wrist. After splinting, which one of the following positions of the hand is most appropriate?Fingers curled inward.
You have been called for a male worker complaining of arm pain. On scene the 31 year-old patient states that his arm was crushed between two heavy boxes. There was minimal pain at that time, but now his right forearm is swollen and painful, especially with movement. He also states that the arm and fingers feel like they are "asleep". You note decreased strength to the arm and radial pulse that is weak when compared to the left. There is no deformity to the arm and the skin is intact, although hard on palpation. Vital signs are pulse 88, respirations 18, and blood pressure 134/75 mmHg. Given these assessment findings, the EMT should be suspicious of:compartment syndrome.
You arrive at a hunting camp for a hunter who stumbled over a rock and caught himself on his outstretched arm. He denies hitting his head or neck. There are no threats to the airway, breathing, or circulation. He has swelling and ecchymosis to his left wrist. A radial pulse is readily palpated and the skin in the hand is warm to the touch. Which one of the following instructions given by the EMT to other rescuers indicates proper care of this patient?"After we splint his wrist, we will need to elevate it during transport to decrease the opportunity for swelling."
Which one of the following assessment findings would contraindicate the use of the traction splint?Deformity to the hip.
A patient was struck in the right upper arm with a baseball bat. Which one of the following signs or symptoms indicates the highest probability that the humerus has been fractured?Crepitus felt on palpation.
Your partner is off from work for an extended period of time because he needs surgery for a torn ligament. Which one of the following structures needs that surgery?Tissue that connects one bone to other bones.
Which one of the following statements about different musculoskeletal injuries is true?A sprain is an injury to a joint with possible damage to or tearing of ligaments.
A patient with a closed fracture to the forearm has been properly splinted when which one of the following are immobilized?Wrist, forearm, and elbow.
The EMT recognizes that a splint applied too loosely can result in which one of the following?Laceration of previously intact blood vessels.
Your patient has an injury to the elbow and forearm. While you are conducting the reassessment, which one of the following statements made by the patient should concern you most?"My hand feels like it is going to sleep."
A young female patient was walking on a seven foot high retaining wall when she stumbled and fell. She impacted a concrete sidewalk surface with her left foot and left hand. Your assessment reveals ecchymosis, deformity, and edema to both the left foot and left hand. Based on the concept of injury by indirect force, where else should the EMT look for injury?Left hip.
A vacuum splint has just been applied to the arm of a patient who fell backward from a chair while hanging drapes. Which one of the following statements or questions should the EMT make or ask next?"I am wrapping the splint with roller gauze to secure it."
While on standby at a semi-professional baseball game, you are summoned onto the field for a player complaining of severe leg pain after colliding with the catcher of the opposing team. The primary assessment shows no threats to the airway, breathing, or circulation. The secondary assessment reveals a severely deformed left lower leg that is swollen and ecchymotic. The leg is pale and cool, and the patient cannot move the leg when asked to do so. In addition, you cannot palpate a pedal pulse. Which one of the following is your priority at this time?Make one attempt to staighten the leg until a pulse returns.
Which one of the following statements shows that the EMT understands field care of a patient with possible joint dislocations?"The care of a patient with a joint injury is identical to that of a fracture."
Which type of muscle tissue is found in the forearm?Voluntary
which of
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