the linux kernel exists as a file named:

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During Linux installation, you need to configure a minimum of how many user accounts?twoFilesystem that performs journalingext3Shares password databases among Linux systemsNetwork Information Service (NIS)Program started by the BIOS that loads the Linux kernel into memory from a hard disk partition inside the computerboot loadercommand that halts the system immediately and powers down the computerpoweroffAllows you to choose the operating system upon system startupdual bootingSpecify a commands' working parametersargumentsChannel that allows a user to log interminalAlter the way a command worksoptionsTraditional filesystem still used on most Linux computersext2In Linux, what is used to accept input from the user and pass input to the kernel for processing?ShellTo find all of the commands that have the word list in their name or description, you would type what?man -k listWhat metacharacterindicates background command execution?&What is the shell that is used by default in Linux?BASHWhich Linux Command displays your login name?whoamiWhat is the most common method of installing Linux?DVD installationBecause you need to document so many pieces of hardware and software information, you should create a ______ that contains all important installation information as well as hardware information.Preinstallation checklistWhat are specific letters that start with a dash (-)?OptionsWhat directory contains system commands and utilities?/usrWhat filesystem is compatible with the Windows FAT filesystem?VFATHard disks can contain how many major partitions?4The command that displays the calendar for the current month is what?calwhat is the metacharacter for command termination?;Which Linux command gets you out of your current shell?exitThe recommended size for the /home directory is _____ per user.200 MBWhat command will confirm the system directory that you are currently in?pwdWhat metacharacter can also be used to refer to the current user's home directory?~To move from the /home/joe/test/data to the home/joe directory, what command would you use?cd../..If you type enough unique letters of a directory and press the _____ key, the BASH shell will find the intended file or directory being specified and fill in the appropriate information.TabMost files on a Linux system that contain configuration information are what kind of files?text filesTo view a list of files and their type, use the ____ switch to the ls command.-FThe ____ symbol indicates a linked file.@The ____ command can be used to provide a long listing for each file in a certain directory.ls -lUsing wildcard metacharacters, how can one indicate a number is either 1, 2, 3, or 4?[1-4]The ____ command displays the last five lines of a text filetail -5Extended regular expression metacharacters?, +, {}, |The ____ regular expression metacharacter matches 0 or more occurrences of the previous character.*What key combination, commonly used in the vi editor command mode, displays current line statistics?ctrl + gThe ____ can be used with LISP artificial intelligence programming language and supports hundreds of keyboard functions like the vi editor.Emacs editorThe ____ editor is functionally analogous to the Windows Wordpad and Notepad editors.geditDisplays files in reverse ordertac commandDisplays lines of test that match extended regular expressionsegrep comandIdentifies a channel that passes information from one process in memory to another, and in some cases can be mediated by fiels on the hard drivenamed pipeSpecial file that serves as placeholders to organize other filesdirectoryDisplays the first ten lines of a text filehead commandA file that represents a device on the system, such as a hard disk or serial portSpecial device fileFiles that have an association with one anotherLinked filesA file that contains the most recent entries at the bottom of the filelog fileA file that allows a process on another computer to write to a file on the local computer while another process reads from that filesocket fileIn the FHS, the ____ directory contains the Linux kernel and files used by the boot loader/bootIn FHS, the ____ directory is the root user's home directory/rootIn the FHS, the ____ directory contains most system commands and utilities/usrCopying a file can be accomplished using what command?cpWhat command takes a list of arguments specifying the absolute or relative pathnames of files to remove?rmThe fastest method to search for files in the Linux Directory tree is to use what command?locate commandYou can see the contents of a certain variable in memory by using the ____ metacharacter with the echo command$The ____ section of a filesystem is the section that contains information about the filesystem in general.superblockTo create a hard link, you must use the ____ commandlnThe section of an inode that stores permissions is called the _____ of a file.modeIn a file's mode, if a permission is unavailable, a ____ character replaces its position in the mode-If a user has _____ permission for a file, they can open. read, and edit the contents of a filewriteWhen using the chmod command for a specific file, the ______ argument would add read permissin and remove write permission for the group persmissiong+r-wWhen using the chmod command, the mode rwx can be replaced by the number____.7To set all of the special permission on a certain file or directory, you can use the command _____, where name is the name of the file or directory.chmod 7777 nameCommand used to change the permissions for a certain file or directorychmodCommand used to view you current user namewhoamiCommand used to view your group memberships and primary groupgroupsCommand used to change the group owner of a file or directorychgrpCommand used to test network connectivitypingCommand used to change the ownership of a file or directorychownCommand used to display BASH shell aliasesaliasSpecial variable on the system used to take away permissions on new files and directories immediately after they are created.umaskCommand used to quickly create an empty file.touchDevices that transfer data in a character-by-character fashion are referred to as______devices.characterThe ____ device file represents the first primary partition on the second IDE hard disk drive (primary slave)./dev/hdb1The ____ device file represents the second serial port on the system (COM2)./dev/ttyS1The ____ filesystem is used by software programs that write to a CD-RW or DVD-RW drive.udfThe _____ filesystem contains most of the operating system files.rootTo format a filesystem with a specified filesystem type, you can use the ____ option with the mkfs command.-tTo mount all filesystems in the /etc/fstab file that are intended to mount at boot time, you can simply type the ____ command.mount -aCD-ROMs typically use the _____ filesystemiso9660Linux requires how many partitions at minimum?twoData is read off of hard disks in concentric circles called what?tracksTo create partitions after installation, you can use the _____ commandfdiskThe easiest method for monitoring free space by mounted filesystems is to use the _____ commanddfErrors on a filesystem are often referred to as filesytem ____ and are common on most filesystems.corruptionTo check a filesystem for errors, you can use the _____ command, which can check filesystems of many different types.fsckYou can edit the quotas for certain users by using the _____ commandedquotaDirectory that stores devices files/devIndicates a particular deviceminor numberFile on the hard disk representing a device on a Linux systemdevice fileCommand used to create modify system parameterstune2fsThe first readable sector of a hard disk, where partition definitions are storedMBRFile that contains a list of devices that are currently used on the filesystem and their major numbers/proc/devicesRigid quota limits that the user cannot exceedhard limitsPoints to the device driver for a device in the Linux kernelmajor numberHard disk quotas that the user can exceed for a certain period of time.Soft limitsEach SCSI device is assigned a unique ID number known as a _____.target idMost Parallel SCSI controllers support up to ____ devices.15The highest priority SCSI device is given a SCSI ID of______.7The _____ standard supports speeds of up to 80 MB/s.SCSI-3 Ultra2 WideRaid level _____ is often referred to as disk mirroring.1Raid level ____ is commonly referred to as disk striping with parity5A Fedora 13 CD installation requires ___ CDs.sixIn Fedora Linux, a ____ file is a script file that speifies the choices that you would normally choose when you install the operating systemkickstartIf a Linux installaion ends abnormally and the screen displays a "fatal signal _____" error message, it indicates an error known as a segmentation fault.11Some installation fail to place a boot loader on the hard disk properly; this is often the case with large hard disk drives that have over ____ cylinders.1024_____ installation log files are create by the Fedora installation program.twoto verify hardware settings, you can examine the contents of the _____ directory./procThe ____ file in the /proc directory contains a list of memory address ranges reserved for device use.ioportsThe ____ in the /proc directory contains statistics on the performance of the processor.loadavgA remote disk to which a computer connects using iSCSIiSCSI targetFile that contains a lists of packages that were installed as well as a list of those that were not installed/root/install.logA type of RAID level 0 that consists of two hard disks that are seen as one large volume.spanningA unique identifier for each devie attached to any given node in a SCSI chainLogical Unit Number (LUN)File that lists all of the system events that occurred during the installation, such as the creation of user and group accounts/root/install.log.syslogA version of RAID controlled by the system BIOSfirmware RAIDA protocol that may be used to install Fedora via the network.Network File System (NFS)A type of RAID level 0 in which an individual file is divided into sections and saved concurrently on multiple disks.disk stripingThe situation in which a program has accessed an area of RAM that was not assignedsegmentation faultThe file descriptor stdin is represented by the number____.0The file descriptor stderr is represented by the number___.2You can ue the BASH shell to redirect standard output and standard error from the terminal screen to a file on the filesystem using the ___ shell metacharacter followed by the absolute or relative pathname of the file>You can redirect a file to the standard input of a command using the ____ character. the linux studybud Your Answer Surround your text in *italics* or **bold**, to write a math equation use, for example, $x^2+2x+1=0\$ or $$\beta^2-1=0$$

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