which of the following statements is true of schizophrenia?

# which of the following statements is true of schizophrenia?

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Which of the following characterize the disorder known as schizophrenia? A. delusions and hallucinations B. inappropriate emotions C. disorganized speech and behavior D. all of theseD. all of these
Which of the following is accurate in regard to the long-term outlook for schizophrenic patients? A. About 50% of persons diagnosed with the disorder eventually recover. B. Recovery is possible only if the person stays on medication. C. Recovery is possible only if the patient receives psychotherapy. D. Complete recovery from schizophrenia is rare.D. Complete recovery from schizophrenia is rare.
Which of the following is the best description of schizophrenia? A. Schizophrenia is characterized by symptoms common to everyone with the diagnosis. B. Schizophrenia is characterized by multiple personalities. C. Schizophrenia is characterized by behavior and symptoms that arent necessarily common to everyone with the diagnosis.. D. The course of schizophrenia is always predictable.C. Schizophrenia is characterized by behavior and symptoms that arent necessarily common to everyone with the diagnosis..
According to statistical data the prevalence of schizophrenia is about: A. .01% B. 1% C. 5% D. 10%B. 1%
In the 1850s a French physician named Benedict Morel used the terms demence (loss of mind) precoce (early, premature) to describe what we now know as schizophrenia because he observed that the onset of symptoms often occurs: A. in the early part of the year B. during adolescence C. in the morning D. prior to symptoms of other mental illnessesB. during adolescence
In the 1800s, physicians studying the disorder we now call schizophrenia used the term _____ because they observed that the onset of symptoms often occurred before adulthood. A. adolescent insanity B. folie a deux C. catatonia previa D. dementia praecoxD. dementia praecox
Which of the following is the definition of catatonia? A. silly and immature behavior B. early madness C. immobility or agitated excitement D. delusions of grandeur or persecutionC. immobility or agitated excitement
Which of the following is characterized of paranoid schizophrenia? A. silly and immature behavior B. early madness C. alternating immobility and agitated excitement D. delusions of grandeur or persecutionD. delusions of grandeur or persecution
Which of the following is the definition for hebephrenia? A. silly and immature behavior B. early madness C. alternating immobility and agitated excitement D. delusions of grandeur or persecutionA. silly and immature behavior
Which of the following is the definition of dementia praecox? A. silly and immature behavior B. early madness C. alternating immobility and agitated excitement D. delusions of grandeur or persecutionB. early madness
In the late 1800s, the German psychiatrist Emil Kraeplin made all of the following contributions to our knowledge of schizophrenia EXCEPT: A. distinguished dementia praecox (schizophrenia) from manic-depressive illness B. noted that hallucinations, delusions, and negativism were symptoms of dementia praecox (schizophrenia) C. combined several symptoms of insanity (catatonia, paranoia, hebephrenia) that had usually been viewed as reflecting separate and distinct disorders D. conceptualized a treatment for schizophrenic patients that is still being used todayD. conceptualized a treatment for schizophrenic patients that is still being used today
The term schizophrenia was introduced about 1908 by a Swiss psychiatrist named: A. Emil Kraepelin B. Sigmund Freud C. Eugen Bleuler D. Phillipe PinelC. Eugen Bleuler
Eugen Bleulers concept of schizophrenia as an associative splitting of the basic functions of personality led to the incorrect use of the term to mean: A. a fugue state B. multiple personality C. cognitive slippage D. folie a deuxB. multiple personality
If an individual is diagnosed as psychotic it usually means that the person has: A. hallucinations B. delusions C. both of these D. neither of theseC. both of these
In the textbook case of Arthur, he said that he had a secret plan to save all the starving children in the world. After Arthur showed other bizarre behavior and also said he was going to climb the fence of a government building, his parents tried to have him admitted to a psychiatric hospital. They were not able to do that because: A. he was not considered a danger to himself or others B. he was given medication instead to calm him down C. the hospital staff didnt believe his parents D. his behavior was due to a substance abuse problemA. he was not considered a danger to himself or others
In working with schizophrenic patients, mental health professionals typically distinguish between _____ symptoms (an excess or distortion of normal behavior) and _____ symptoms (deficits in normal behavior). A. positive, negative B. negative, positive C. manic, depressive D. dysmorphic, dysfunctionalA. positive, negative
Which of the following is the persecutory type of psychotic delusion? A. a familiar person is actually a double B. one is a famous or important person C. people are out to get you D. a body part has changed in some impossible wayC. people are out to get you
The view that delusions are attempts to deal with anxiety and stress is called the _____ view of delusions. A. motivational B. deficit C. positive D. negativeA. motivational
Which of the following psychotic delusions defines the Capgras syndrome? A. a familiar person is actually a double B. one is a famous or important person C. people are out to get you D. a body part has changed in some impossible wayA. a familiar person is actually a double
Which of the following describes a delusion of grandeur? A. a familiar person is actually a double B. one is a famous or important person C. people are out to get you D. a body part has changed in some impossible wayB. one is a famous or important person
Which of the following defines Cotards syndrome? A. a familiar person is actually a double B. one is a famous or important person C. people are out to get you D. a body part has changed in some impossible wayD. a body part has changed in some impossible way
The most common type of hallucination experienced by psychotic individuals is: A. visual B. auditory C. tactile D. olfactoryB. auditory
Research using brain imaging techniques has localized auditory hallucinations in the part of the brain called: A. Wernickes area B. Brocas area C. the occipital lobe D. the limbic systemB. Brocas area
People who experience hallucinations appear to be: A. listening to voices outside themselves B. listening to their own thoughts C. misinterpreting voices from the sources such as the radio and television D. making up the experienceB. listening to their own thoughts
Results of research showing that auditory hallucinations are localized in the expressive speech area of the brain suggest that: A. these hallucinations are produced by the auditory nerve in the ear as well as the speech area of the brain B. people who are hallucinating think the voices of other people are actually their own C. a person who is hallucinating is actually listening to his/her own thoughts D. these hallucinations are related to the disorganized speech that occurs in schizophreniaC. a person who is hallucinating is actually listening to his/her own thoughts
The negative schizophrenic symptom called avolition is defined as: A. inability to initiate and persist in activities B. inability to experience pleasure C. lack of emotional response, blank facial expression D. lack of speech content and/or slowed speech responseA. inability to initiate and persist in activities
The negative schizophrenic symptom called alogia is defined as: A. inability to initiate and persist in activities B. inability to experience pleasure C. lack of emotional response, blank facial expression D. lack of speech content and/or slowed speech responseD. lack of speech content and/or slowed speech response
The negative schizophrenic symptom called anhedonia is defined as: A. inability to initiate and persist in activities B. inability to experience pleasure C. lack of emotional response, blank facial expression D. lack of speech content and/or slowed speech responseB. inability to experience pleasure
Match the following negative symptom of schizophrenia with its definition: flat affect. A. inability to initiate and persist in activities B. inability to experience pleasure C. lack of emotional response, blank facial expression D. lack of speech content and/or slowed speech responseC. lack of emotional response, blank facial expression
A research study involving schizophrenic adults looked at their facial expressions in home movies taken when they were children. The researchers were trying to determine if the development of schizophrenia could be predicted by facial expressions showing limited emotional reactions. This research study focused on the negative symptom called: A. alogia B. affective flattening C. associative splitting D. emotional effect syndromeB. affective flattening
Mark was diagnosed with schizophrenia many years ago. Most recently he has been exhibiting some bizarre behaviors. For example, he has been standing for hours in unusual postures. Marks motor dysfunction is called: A. cognitive slippage B. inappropriate affect C. catatonic immobility D. hebephreniaC. catatonic immobility
Marta, a hospitalized schizophrenic patient, shows an unusual form of catatonia. If someone moves one of her arms or legs into a different position, it just stays that way. Martas bizarre behavior is called: A. postural dysfunction B. aerobic mobility C. waxy flexibility D. schizophrenic movement disorderC. waxy flexibility
A potential sign of schizophrenia in children is the experience of: A. extreme positive and negative emotions B. reduced positive and enhanced negative emotions C. the absence of emotions D. enhanced positive and reduced negative emotionsB. reduced positive and enhanced negative emotions
Which of the following is most likely to occur in the paranoid type of schizophrenia? A. disorganized speech B. poor prognosis when compared to the other subtypes of schizophrenia C. limited cognitive skills and flat affect D. hallucinations and thematic or systematized delusionsD. hallucinations and thematic or systematized delusions
Which of the following does NOT apply to the disorganized subtype of schizophrenia? A. fragmented delusions and hallucinations B. inappropriate or flat affect C. frequent remissions and improvement of symptoms D. self-absorption and mirror gazingC. frequent remissions and improvement of symptoms
The DSM-IV criteria for the disorganized type of schizophrenia include all of the following EXCEPT: A. disorganized speech B. echolalia or echopraxia C. disorganized behavior D. flat or inappropriate affectB. echolalia or echopraxia
One of the subtypes of schizophrenia is termed residual. Which of the following individuals would be diagnosed with this condition? A. Mr. S. is actively hallucinating and has delusions of persecution. B. Miss L. has had an episode of schizophrenia but has no active symptoms at this time. C. Mrs. R. has never had an episode of schizophrenia but acts in a very bizarre manner. D. Mr. F. is at risk for developing schizophrenia because of his family history.B. Miss L. has had an episode of schizophrenia but has no active symptoms at this time.
Which of the following symptoms would NOT constitute criteria for the residual subtype of schizophrenia? A. social withdrawal B. negative beliefs or bizarre thoughts C. flat affect D. delusionsD. delusions
The positive symptoms of schizophrenia are most closely associated with _____ activity. A. serotonin B. dopamine C. norepinephrine D. acetylcholineB. dopamine
Which of the following is closely associated with catatonia? A. negative withdrawal B. repetitive echolalia C. agitation D. waxy flexibilityD. waxy flexibility
Which of the following statistical data are NOT accurate regarding schizophrenia? A. the lifetime prevalence rate is 1% B. life expectancy is less than average due to suicides and accidents C. men with schizophrenia have a better prognosis than women with schizophrenia D. more women than men develop schizophrenia later in lifeC. men with schizophrenia have a better prognosis than women with schizophrenia
Which of the following subtypes of schizophrenia is likely to be associated with the highest level of functioning? A. undifferentiated B. residual C. catatonic D. paranoidD. paranoid
Callie has been diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder. This means that in addition to schizophrenic symptoms, she also has symptoms of: A. an anxiety disorder B. a mood disorder C. a split personality D. obsessive-compulsive disorderB. a mood disorder
In which of the following disorders are hallucinations and delusions NOT part of the symptom pattern? A. schizotypal personality disorder B. schizoaffective disorder C. schizophreniform disorder D. brief psychotic disorderA. schizotypal personality disorder
At various times individuals have been arrested for stalking celebrities who they believed were in love with them. This condition is called a(n) _____ delusion. A. jealous B. erotomanic C. somatic D. persecutoryB. erotomanic
How do the delusions in delusional disorder differ from the delusions in paranoid schizophrenia? A. In delusional disorder, the imagined events could really be happening but there is no evidence that they are happening. B. In paranoid schizophrenia, the imagined events have actually happened or are now happening. C. In delusional disorder, the imagined events are so bizarre that they could never have happened and never will happen. D. There is no difference. Delusions are defined similarly for all conditions.A. In delusional disorder, the imagined events could really be happening but there is no evidence that they are happening.
A woman diagnosed as schizophrenic announces that she has a plan to end poverty and homelessness in the world and that the Pope has given her secret instructions on how this can be accomplished. Her thinking is indicative of a delusion of _____. A. persecution B. thought insertion C. grandeur D. referenceC. grandeur
Which of the following defines the jealous type of delusional disorder? A. believing that one is loved by an important person or celebrity B. falsely believing that ones sexual partner is unfaithful C. believing in ones inflated worth, identity or special relationship D. believing one is being malevolently treated in some wayB. falsely believing that ones sexual partner is unfaithful
Which of the following defines the erotomanic type of delusional disorder? A. believing that one is loved by an important person or celebrity B. falsely believing that ones sexual partner is unfaithful C. believing in ones inflated worth, identity or special relationship D. believing one is being malevolently treated in some wayA. believing that one is loved by an important person or celebrity
Which of the following defines the persecutory type of delusional disorder? A. believing that one is loved by an important person or celebrity B. falsely believing that ones sexual partner is unfaithful C. believing in ones inflated worth, identity or special relationship D. believing one is being malevolently treated in some wayD. believing one is being malevolently treated in some way
Which of the following defines the grandiose type of delusional disorder? A. believing that one is loved by an important person or celebrity B. falsely believing that ones sexual partner is unfaithful C. believing in ones inflated worth, identity or special relationship D. believing one is being malevolently treated in some wayC. believing in ones inflated worth, identity or special relationship
The case of Arthur (described in your textbook), who suddenly experienced the delusion that he could save all the starving children in the world with a secret plan, but whose symptoms lasted only a few days, was diagnosed with: A. schizotypal personality disorder B. folie a deux (shared psychotic disorder) C. brief psychotic disorder D. cocaine abuseC. brief psychotic disorder
Research on DSM-IV-TR categorization of schizophrenia indicates that the current categories: A. may not match the underlying biological information emerging B. clearly match the underlying biological information emerging C. are consistent in people across time D. have no historic valueA. may not match the underlying biological information emerging
The prognosis for schizoaffective disorder is: A. positive with or without treatment B. similar to that of schizophrenia C. unknown D. unassociated with major life difficultiesB. similar to that of schizophrenia
Which of the following is the most common dyad in shared psychotic disorder? A. mother-daughter. B. sister-brother. C. father-son. D. mother-son.A. mother-daughter.
Which of the following statistical data are NOT accurate regarding schizophrenia? A. The lifetime prevalence rate is 1%. B. Life expectancy is less than average due to suicides and accidents. C. Men with schizophrenia have a better prognosis than women with schizophrenia. D. More women than men develop schizophrenia later in life.C. Men with schizophrenia have a better prognosis than women with schizophrenia.
Which of the following subtypes of schizophrenia is likely to be associated with the best function? A. undifferentiated B. residual C. catatonic D. paranoidD. paranoid
Research studies on the genetic basis of schizophrenia have focused on high-risk individuals including all of the following EXCEPT: A. healthy twins of schizophrenic patients B. adopted children of schizophrenic parents C. family members or relatives of schizophrenics D. children adopted by schizophrenic mothersD. children adopted by schizophrenic mothers
Research studies focusing on genetic factors in schizophrenia have found that: A. An individual with a schizophrenic identical twin has the highest risk factor (almost 50%) of developing schizophrenia. B. In family studies of schizophrenia, the genetic influence can be separated from the environmental impact. C. If one person in a family has a particular subtype of schizophrenia, e.g., paranoid, the other family members inherit a predisposition for that subtype only. D. The more severe a parents schizophrenic disorder, the less likely the children were to develop it.A. An individual with a schizophrenic identical twin has the highest risk factor (almost 50%) of developing schizophrenia.
The famous case of the Genain sisters, identical quadruplets all diagnosed with schizophrenia, points out that siblings raised in the same household may experience their environment very differently, a concept called a(n): A. variable home structure B. unshared environment C. environmental phenomenon D. unique perceptive interpretationB. unshared environment
An ongoing research study in Finland is focusing on children of schizophrenic mothers who were adopted into other families. To date, researchers have determined that _____ of these children have developed schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders. A. 1% B. 10% C. 25% D. 50%B. 10%
In regard to research on schizophrenia involving the offspring of twins, all of the following are accurate statements EXCEPT: A. the child of a schizophrenic identical twin has the same risk (17%) of having the disorder as the child of the non-schizophrenic identical twin B. the child of a non-schizophrenic fraternal twin has about a 2% risk of having the disorder C. a mentally healthy individual with a schizophrenic parent cannot pass on a genetic predisposition for the disorder to his or her offspring D. an individual can be free from schizophrenia but still be a carrierC. a mentally healthy individual with a schizophrenic parent cannot pass on a genetic predisposition for the disorder to his or her offspring
In which of the following situations would the risk of developing schizophrenia be the lowest for a child? A. a childs schizophrenic parent has a non-schizophrenic identical twin B. a childs non-schizophrenic parent has a schizophrenic identical twin C. a childs schizophrenic parent has a non-schizophrenic fraternal twin D. a childs non-schizophrenic parent has a schizophrenic fraternal twinD. a childs non-schizophrenic parent has a schizophrenic fraternal twin
Of the various genetic linkage and association studies, the one that seems to be a possible marker for schizophrenia involves: A. eye-tracking B. dopamine sites C. unusual facial features D. blood typeA. eye-tracking
Which of the following is true in regard to the genetic basis of schizophrenia? A. Researchers have discovered the gene responsible for causing schizophrenia. B. Genes are responsible for making some individuals vulnerable to schizophrenia. C. Both of these statements are true. D. Neither of these statements is true.B. Genes are responsible for making some individuals vulnerable to schizophrenia.
Making the diagnosis of schizophrenia is controversial because: A. the symptoms can vary as a function of culture or race B. the symptoms are similar across culture and race C. the symptoms simply reflect biases in the minds of mental health professionals D. the label is derogatory and has no clinical utilityA. the symptoms can vary as a function of culture or race
Endophrenology refers to looking for: A. a specific gene which causes schizophrenia B. genes that contribute to symptoms of the disorder C. environmental cases of schizophrenia D. behavioral characteristics of schizophreniaB. genes that contribute to symptoms of the disorder
When using correlational research to look for abnormalities in the brain as clues to the influences of schizophrenia, it is important to keep certain questions in mind. For example, if a schizophrenic person was found to have an excess of dopamine, a researcher would need to ask all of the following questions EXCEPT: A. Does too much dopamine cause schizophrenia? B. Does having schizophrenia cause an excess of dopamine? C. Is there some factor that causes both schizophrenia and an excess of dopamine? D. Why is the dopamine system active in the schizophrenic brain?D. Why is the dopamine system active in the schizophrenic brain?
Which of the following statements reflects circumstantial evidence for the dopamine theory of schizophrenia? A. Antipsychotic drugs (neuroleptics) act as dopamine agonists, increasing the amount of dopamine in the brain. B. Antipsychotic drugs (neuroleptics) can produce symptoms similar to those of Parkinsons disease (a disorder due to insufficient dopamine). C. The drug L-dopa, a dopamine agonist, is used to treat schizophrenic symptoms in patients with Parkinsons disease. D. Amphetamines, which activate dopamine, can lessen psychotic symptoms in persons with schizophrenia.B. Antipsychotic drugs (neuroleptics) can produce symptoms similar to those of Parkinsons disease (a disorder due to insufficient dopamine).
In regard to the ways that drugs affect neurotransmitters, which of the following is true? A. A drug that is an agonist occupies the receptor sites, blocking the neurotransmitter. B. A drug that is an antagonist helps increase the release of the neurotransmitter. C. Both of these are correct. D. Neither of these is correct.D. Neither of these is correct.
Which of the following occurs when drugs are administered to schizophrenic patients? A. Drugs that increase dopamine (agonists) cause an increase in schizophrenic behavior. B. Drugs that decrease dopamine (antagonists) decrease schizophrenic symptoms. C. Both of these statements are accurate. D. Neither of these statements is accurate.C. Both of these statements are accurate.
Which of the following statements contradicts the dopamine theory of schizophrenia? A. Many people with schizophrenia are not helped by dopamine antagonists. B. Clozapine, one of the weakest dopamine antagonists, reduces schizophrenic symptoms in those patients who were not helped by stronger dopamine antagonists. C. Both of these statements contradict the dopamine theory of schizophrenia. D. Neither of these statements contradicts the dopamine theory of schizophrenia.C. Both of these statements contradict the dopamine theory of schizophrenia.
Which of the following neurotransmitters has recently been linked to schizophrenia?: A. deficiency in the stimulation of prefrontal dopamine D1 receptors B. excessive stimulation of striatal dopamine D2 receptors C. alterations in prefrontal activity involving glutamate transmissions D. changes in temporal lobe function associated with serotonin receptor activityD. changes in temporal lobe function associated with serotonin receptor activity
Which of the following neurotransmitters has recently been linked to schizophrenia? A. glutamate B. glycine C. GABA D. SerotoninA. glutamate
What is the evidence for structural damage in the brains of schizophrenic patients? A. All schizophrenic patients have smaller ventricles in their brains. B. In some schizophrenic patients, there is an excess amount of gray matter in the cerebral cortex. C. The majority of schizophrenic patients have enlarged ventricles in their brains. D. Many schizophrenic patients have increased activity in the frontal lobes of the brain.C. The majority of schizophrenic patients have enlarged ventricles in their brains.
Influenza infection during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy has been linked to: A. the mother developing schizophrenia B. the child developing schizophrenia C. both D. neitherB. the child developing schizophrenia
Recent research into the causes of schizophrenia, including studies of schizophrenic patients who had been exposed prenatally to influenza epidemics, suggests that there might be a _____ cause of schizophrenia. A. viral B. bacterial C. both of these D. neither of theseA. viral
Which of the following drugs causes schizophrenic symptoms? A. marijuana B. PCP C. cocaine D. LSDB. PCP
A child who demonstrates mild physical abnormalities, poor motor coordination and mild cognitive and social problems will: A. definitely develop schizophrenia later B. definitely not develop schizophrenia later C. definitely outgrow these problems D. none of these statements are trueD. none of these statements are true
The prodromal phase of schizophrenia occurs: A. 1-2 years before serious symptoms emerge B. 1-2 years after serious symptoms emerge C. in childhood, well before serious symptoms emerge D. in between schizophrenic episodesA. 1-2 years before serious symptoms emerge
The prefrontal brain damage seen in schizophrenia tends to occur: A. prior to the onset of the disorder B. when symptoms start. C. after symptoms start D. randomlyA. prior to the onset of the disorder
Which of the following is not correlated with schizophrenia? A. fetal exposure to viral infection B. pregnancy complications. C. delivery complications D. viral exposure as a toddlerD. viral exposure as a toddler
Current research suggests that: A. environmental stress may trigger schizophrenia B. genes cause schizophrenia C. genes carried by a fetus may make it vulnerable to schizophrenia D. all of the aboveD. all of the above
In regard to the family interactions among schizophrenic patients, the word schizophrenogenic (no longer used), was first proposed in the 1940s to describe: A. an abusive and alcoholic father whose child became schizophrenic B. an emotionally distant mother whose child became schizophrenic C. divorced parents who had several psychotic children D. a family in which relatives on both sides were psychoticB. an emotionally distant mother whose child became schizophrenic
A classification system introduced in the 1970s dichotomized schizophrenia into two categories based on all of the following EXCEPT: A. symptoms and outcome B. age of onset C. response to medication D. degree of intellectual impairmentB. age of onset
Type I schizophrenia is associated with positive symptoms including all of the following EXCEPT: A. hallucinations and delusions B. good response to medication C. optimistic prognosis D. flat affectD. flat affect
Type II schizophrenia is associated with negative symptoms including all of the following EXCEPT: A. poor response to medication B. intellectual impairment C. poverty of speech (alogia) D. hallucinations and delusionsD. hallucinations and delusions
In terms of a particular emotional communication style known as expressed emotion (EE), researchers have shown that schizophrenic patients were more likely to relapse if: A. they had long periods of contact with their families B. they had families who were disapproving and intrusive C. both of these are correct D. neither of these is correctC. both of these are correct
In regard to cultural differences in expressed emotion, which is thought to be positively correlated with schizophrenia, research has found that _____ families have the highest percentage of expressed emotion. A. Indian B. Mexican C. British D. Anglo-AmericanD. Anglo-American
The familial communication style called expressed emotion (EE) sometimes used to predict relapse rates in schizophrenic patients includes all of the following EXCEPT: A. over-involvement B. criticism C. emotional distance D. hostilityC. emotional distance
Families with a high expressed emotion (EE) score view the symptoms of schizophrenia as: A. controllable B. uncontrollable C. inevitable D. inconvenientA. controllable
A treatment first used in the 1930s as a treatment for schizophrenia but now used primarily to treat severe depression is: A. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) B. prefrontal lobotomy C. insulin coma therapy D. psychosurgeryA. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
The neuroleptic drugs introduced in the 1950s affect primarily the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, which include all of the following EXCEPT: A. hallucinations B. delusions C. social deficits D. agitationC. social deficits
During the 1990s a new type of antipsychotic medication became available to treat schizophrenic patients who were not helped by conventional antipsychotic medications or who had developed unpleasant side effects. These new antipsychotic medications include all of the following EXCEPT: A. Thorazine (chlorpromazine) B. Clozaril (clozapine) C. Risperdal (risperidone) D. Zyprexa (olanzapine)A. Thorazine (chlorpromazine)
Which of the following is NOT one of the typical minor side effects of antipsychotic medications? A. grogginess B. blurred vision C. headaches D. dryness of the mouthC. headaches
Extrapyramidal symptoms, serious side effects of antipsychotic medications that occur in some schizophrenic patients, are similar to the symptoms of: A. Alzheimers disease B. Parkinsons disease C. multiple sclerosis D. leukemiaB. Parkinsons disease
Tardive dyskinesia, a severe side effect of antipsychotic medications, includes all of the following involuntary movements EXCEPT: A. involuntary chewing B. puffing of the cheeks C. tongue protrusion D. tooth grindingD. tooth grinding
Schizophrenic patients who take antipsychotic medications sometimes develop severe side effects such as akinesia, a Parkinsonian-like condition that produces all of the following EXCEPT: A. hand tremors B. expressionless face C. slowed movements D. monotonous speechA. hand tremors
Tardive dyskinesia, a condition that can occur in patients who take antipsychotic medications: A. can result from short-term use B. can result from low doses C. occurs in less than 2% of patients D. may often be irreversibleD. may often be irreversible
One of the ways of improving patient compliance in regard to taking antipsychotic medication involves the use of: A. injections B. skin patches C. pills D. liquidsA. injections
An experimental technique called transcranial magnetic stimulation has been used in some schizophrenic patients to try to: A. block auditory hallucinations B. change delusional content C. both of these are correct D. neither of these is correctA. block auditory hallucinations
In the 1970s, researchers set up a treatment system called a token economy in a mental health center. This type of milieu treatment for schizophrenic patients focused on: A. language and speech B. socialization and self-care skills C. educational studies D. spiritual and religious developmentB. socialization and self-care skills
What is meant by the double-edged sword of schizophrenia? A. Medications such as olanzapine decrease symptoms, but are weak dopamine antagonists. B. Medications such as olanzapoine decrease symptoms but are strong dopamine antagonists. C. People with schizophrenia exhibit positive and negative symptoms. D. No drugs treat schizophrenia perfectly.B. Medications such as olanzapoine decrease symptoms but are strong dopamine antagonists.
New research on schizophrenia suggests that: A. Only D2 receptors are involved in schizophrenia B. D2 receptors may be involved when D1 receptors are less active C. D receptors may be involved when D 1 receptors are more active D. D pamine is not actually involved in schizophreniaB. D2 receptors may be involved when D1 receptors are less active
The fact that the drug PCP causes schizophrenic symptoms suggests that: A. NMDA glutamate receptors may be involved in schizophrenia B. glutamate counteracts dopamine in schizophrenics C. glycine is crucial in schizophrenia D. GABA receptors are defective in schizophreniaA. NMDA glutamate receptors may be involved in schizophrenia
A token economy is an incentive system in which hospitalized schizophrenic patients: A. earn tokens for appropriate behavior B. lose tokens for disruptive behavior C. both of these D. neither of theseC. both of these
The 1970s experiment in which behavioral (or social learning) principles were applied to a traditional inpatient environment in the form of a token economy resulted in: A. more patients able to be discharged B. fewer patients able to be discharged C. more patients recovering from schizophrenia D. fewer patients recovering from schizophreniaA. more patients able to be discharged
In the latter half of the 20th century, the routine institutionalization of schizophrenic patients was significantly reduced because of: A. the effectiveness of antipsychotic medications B. court rulings limiting involuntary hospitalization C. both of these D. neither of theseC. both of these
Since the latter half of the 20th century, the policy of deinstitutionalization (time limited hospital stays for psychotic patients) has resulted in: A. more patients remaining hospitalized B. former patients becoming productive members of the community C. many former patients becoming homeless D. greater patient compliance regarding medicationC. many former patients becoming homeless
Some schizophrenic patients function better in the community in independent living skills programs that teach them all of the following EXCEPT: A. medication management B. to identify signs that warn of a relapse C. to maintain eye contact when interacting with others D. how to help others who are mentally illD. how to help others who are mentally ill
Social skills training programs for schizophrenic patients have been: A. very successful B. not at all successful C. somewhat successful while the program is in effect D. only successful when the patient is on medicationC. somewhat successful while the program is in effect
Assertive community treatment for schizophrenia utilizes: A. medication management B. psychological treatment C. vocational treatment D. all of the aboveD. all of the above
Research suggests that treatments such as individual social skills training and family interventions A. cure schizophrenia B. reduce schizophrenic relapses C. are ineffective at treating schizophrenia D. interfere with medication benefitsB. reduce schizophrenic relapses
Research suggests that the benefits of social skills training for schizophrenics: A. last for at least 10 years B. increase over time C. decrease over time D. is never effectiveC. decrease over time
There are cross-cultural differences in the treatment of schizophrenia. For example, a schizophrenic patient in China would probably receive _____ in addition to antipsychotic medication. A. herbal medicine B. acupuncture C. both of these are correct D. neither of these are correctC. both of these are correct
Second generation or atypical antipsychotics may: A. help patients who were previously unresponsive B. have fewer side effects than traditional antipsychotics C. be less likely to be discontinued by the patient D. Are no longer used to treat schizophreniaD. Are no longer used to treat schizophrenia
What is the generic name of the antipsychotic medication Risperdal? A. haloperidol B. chlorpromazine C. clozapine D. risperidoneD. risperidone
What is the generic name of the antipsychotic medication Haldol? A. haloperidol B. chlorpromazine C. clozapine D. risperidoneA. haloperidol
What is the generic name of the antipsychotic medication Clozaril? A. haloperidol B. chlorpromazine C. clozapine D. risperidoneC. clozapine
What is the generic name of the antipsychotic medication Thorazine? A. haloperidol B. chlorpromazine C. clozapine D. risperidoneB. chlorpromazine
Which type of treatment for schizophrenia most closely resembles classroom education? A. behavioral family therapy B. social skills training C. vocational rehabilitation D. independent living skills programA. behavioral family therapy
Which of the following is not typically used to apply technology to the treatment of schizophrenia? A. virtual reality techniques to simulate multiple cognitive tasks B. the use of text messages to alert medical professionals of relapse tendencies C. having families text message professionals about patients relapse risks D. using electrical signals to regulate disturbed thoughts in patientsD. using electrical signals to regulate disturbed thoughts in patients
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