in a fiefdom, a peasant was expected to work the land and

in a fiefdom, a peasant was expected to work the land and


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Asked by 1 year ago
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centralizedto bring together under one control
coronationa ceremony in which a king or queen is crowned and begins to reign
literacythe ability to read and write
monasterycommunity of people who have taken religious vows (ex monks)
papacythe office of the pope
reviveto restore to life or to renew
What was true of the government under the Roman EmpireThe government was ruled by one leader.
Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as Holy Roman emperor. What did this indicate about the Catholic ChurchThe Church wanted to share power with the emperor.
What does the graph indicate about the change in urban populations during this time?Populations declined in urban areas.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, which political force assumed the civic dutiesthe Catholic Church
After the fall of the Roman Empire, what type of rulers took the place of the Roman emperorwarrior kings
What was one major result of people moving from urban to rural areas after the fall of the Roman Empire?Many people had no access to schools, so education declined.
How was Charlemagne's attitude toward his children's education similar to St. Benedict's attitude toward monks in the Catholic ChurchThey both believed it was important to stay productive
What was an effect of the decline in trade after the fall of the Roman EmpireThere was a shift to a rural society.
Which church leaders were immediately below cardinals in the Catholic Church hierarchy?archbishops
What was likely the main reason for the decline in knowledge of Latin after the fall of the Roman Empire?Rome was no longer the center of power.
How did the Catholic Church contrast with the new government that developed after the fall of the Roman EmpireThe church was much more organized.
On the basis of this excerpt, what is of central importance for a monkbeing busy in one way or anothe
What was one major result of people moving from urban to rural areas after the fall of the Roman EmpireMany people had no access to schools, so education declined.
The collapse of the Roman Empire most likely helped empower the Catholic Church becausemany Europeans yearned for a strong force to unite them.
Which church leaders were immediately below cardinals in the Catholic Church hierarchyarchbishops
What important victory did one founder of the Carolingians achieve?He defeated a Muslim invasion from Spain.
What type of government did the Roman Empire utilize?centralized government
feudalisma socioeconomic system in which land is exchanged for service
fiefin feudalism, the land granted to a vassal in exchange for service
manor systeman economic system in which most people work as peasants for a lord
pillageto invade and take valuables
vassalin feudalism, a lord who receives land and owes service
Vikinga group of Scandinavian warriors who raided Europe from the 8th to the 10th centuries
What does the map tell you about a difference between strategies of the Magyars and the VikingThe Magyars preferred to invade by land.
The manor system provided peasants not only protection from invaders, but alsofood and shelter.
What does this excerpt reveal about the VikingsThey were raiders and they stole from people.
Which statement best describes the VikingsThe Vikings were known for their seamanship.
Which sentence best summarizes the intent of this oath?The vassal promises to be loyal to his lor
How was a vassal similar to a peasant?Both received land in return for services.
What type of system was a manor systemeconomic
In a fiefdom, a peasant was expected to work the land andmaintain the lord's estate.
Where did knights stand in the social hierarchy of a feudal system?below all nobles and above all peasants
Why were peasants worse off under the feudal system than they had been before?They had no hope of making a profit from their farmland.
excommunicationa punishment that removes someone from membership in the church
Gothica style of architecture introduced in the middle ages, characterized by pointed arches
lay investitureappointment of church officials by non church authorities
sacrament:one of several important Christian ceremonies, such as marriage and baptism
theologythe study of religious faith and church beliefs
tithea church tax, usually 10 percent of one's income
Why was Pope Leo III's crowning of Charlemagne significant?It established the Church as a political force.
How did the monarch of France differ from the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire?The monarch openly defied a decision by the pope.
One way church orders directly benefited the Church was byraising money for the Church
How did religion unify medieval society?by including all social classes in the religious community
Why was the king of France more powerful than the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire?The king created a centralized government.
Which best explains why the Church was powerful?The pope had the authority to excommunicate anyone.
How did canon law differ from governmental law?The law included various beliefs of the Church.
Which statement best describes the relationship between the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire and the ChurchThe emperors needed the Church to maintain power.
Why did church leaders oppose the practice of simonyThey viewed it as a corruption of power.
Why was Thomas Aquinas important to the Church?He was a scholar who wrote to defend religious ideals.
Which best explains why the Church was powerfulThe pope had the authority to excommunicate anyone.
Why did Henry IV beg the pope for forgivenessHe had few resources to fight off challengers.
Why did the Church sponsor universities?to teach clergy theology and canon law
Cathedrals were primarily significant in everyday life because theyrepresented the importance of the Church
What was the major effect of the Great Schism?The Church was permanently weakened.
How did Otto I become powerful?by appointing supportive bishops
Why was the king of France more powerful than the emperor of the Holy Roman EmpireThe king created a centralized government.
Why did Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV come into conflict?Henry IV believed he had the authority to appoint church officials.
Anglo-Saxona member of the Germanic peoples the Angles, the Saxons, and Jutes who settled in Britain
censusa count of a population and its property
common lawthe body of law based on general principal and customs; constitutes the basis of the English and American legal systems
limitedkept within limits
Magna Cartaa written document designed to limit the power of the king
Parliamentthe two-house legislative body in Britain made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons
assembledput together
Crusadethe military expeditions taken on by Christian powers to win the Holy Land from the Muslims
heretica person who holds a religious idea that is rejected as false by a church authority
liberateto set free from bonds
nefariouswicked or unlawful
Reconquistareturn of Spain to Catholic rule, resulting in the expulsion of Jews and Muslims.
What impact did the Magna Carta have on the English monarchyIt limited it.
What historical event is depicted in this tapestryWilliam the Conqueror's victory at the Battle of Hastings
Look at the list: Representative government Limited powers of government Trial by jury Common law No taxation without representation The rights and liberties included in this list are enjoyed by citizens indemocratic countries.
Which of the following is the best description of Richard the Lionhearted?The son of Eleanor, he was a hero of the Crusades.
King Henry II is best known for his improvements to the Englishlegal system.
Which of the following statements most accurately describes the influence of the Magna Carta on government in the United States?Like the nobles in King John's time, the framers of the Constitution wanted protections against the abuse of government power.
Which of these was William the Conqueror's land of origin?Normandy
Unhappy with King John's rule, a group of English noblesforced him to sign the Magna Carta.
Which of the following describes why William the Conqueror wanted to take a census in England?William wanted information so he could know what taxes to place on his subjects' property.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, many of the people who migrated into England wereof German origin.
Which event took place during the Fourth CrusadeThe Crusaders attacked Constantinople.
Which of these was a goal of the First Crusadeto halt the spread of Muslim rule
The Catholic Church considered a heretic to be anyone whoheld religious ideas rejected by Church authorities.
What compromise ended the Third Crusade?Muslims continued to rule Jerusalem, but they allowed Christian pilgrims free access to the city.
The city of Jerusalem was significant to European Christians because it wasthe place where Jesus was crucified
Who was Saladin?the Muslim general who ruled Jerusalem during the Third Crusade
How did the spread of Muslim rule most effect European leaders?they were threatened by it
In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, popes called for crusades againstany groups they thought threatened Catholicism.
What was the Reconquista?the expulsion of Muslims and Jews from Spain
The Crusades are considered to be a turning point in European history because they brought an end tothe period of time known as the Middle Ages.
By winning the Battle of Hastings, William the Conquerorwas crowned as king of England.
Which of the following describes why William the Conqueror wanted to take a census in EnglandWilliam wanted information so he could know what taxes to place on his subjects' property.
What inference can be made about King John to explain why the writers of the Magna Carta included this passageHe had arbitrarily and unlawfully jailed his enemies.
The writers of the United States Constitution were specifically influenced by the Magna Carta when they guaranteed thatcitizens accused of crimes would be entitled to a trial by jury.
In a feudal system, who has the greatest authority?king
Which of the following is the best description of Richard the LionheartedThe son of Eleanor, he was a hero of the Crusades.
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Asked: 1 year ago

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