who was the leading american composer and conductor of band music?

who was the leading american composer and conductor of band music?


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Asked by 1 year ago
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In music, the early twentieth century was a time ofrevolt and change
The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance ofIgor Stravinsky Rite of Spring
Composers worked in the early years of the twentieth centuryexcept Igor Stravinsky
Composers in the twentieth century drew inspiration fromfolk and pop music of all cultures
Twentieth-century composers incorporated elements of folk and popular music within their personal styles becausethey were attracted to unconventional rhythms, sounds, and melodic patterns.
A great twentieth-century composer who was also a leading scholar of the folk music of his native land wasBela Bartok
alternative to the traditional organization of pitch used by twentieth-century composers?atonality
The combination of two traditional chords sounding together is known asa polychord
A fourth chord isa chord in which the tones are a fourth apart
A chord made of tones only a half step or a whole step apart is known asa tone cluster
to create fresh sounds, twentieth-century composers usednon western scales, their scales, ancient church modes
The technique of using two or more tonal centers at the same time is calledexpanded tonality
The absence of key or tonality in a musical composition is known asatonality
The first significant atonal pieces were composed around 1908 byClaude debussy
The use of two or more contrasting and independent rhythms at the same time is known aspoly rhythm
Radio broadcasts of live and recorded music began to reach large audiences during the1920's
One of the most important teachers of musical composition in the twentieth century wasNadia Boulinger
Impressionist painting and symbolist poetry as artistic movements originated infrance
The most important impressionist composer wasClaude debussy
The term impressionist derived from a critic's derogatory reaction to Impression: Sunrise, a painting byClaude monet
Debussy's music tends tosound free and almost improvisational
Impressionism in music is characterized bystress of tone color, atmosphere and fluidity
A scale made up of six different notes each a whole step away from the next is called a ________ scale.whole-tone
The neoclassical movement in music roughly encompassed the years1920-1950
Neoclassical composers favoredtonality
Neoclassical compositions are characterized bynot misty atmosphere
Neoclassical composers modeled many of their works after the compositions ofJS Bach
Neoclassicism was a reaction againstRomanticism and impressionism
Igor Stravinsky studied composition withRimsky
Stravinsky's life took a sudden turn in 1909, when he met the director of the Russian Ballet,Sergei Diaghilev
The immense success of Stravinsky's 1910 ballet ________ established him as a leading young composer.the firebird
The famous riot in 1913 was caused by the first performance of Stravinsky's balletthe rite of spring
Stravinsky's enormous influence on twentieth-century music is due to his innovations inrhythm, harmony, tone color
Which of the following ballets is not from Stravinsky's Russian period?pulcinella
In the 1950s Stravinsky dramatically changed his style, drawing inspiration fromthe 12 tone system
The expressionist movement in music and art flourished in the years1905-1925
Expressionism is an art concerned withsocial protest
Expressionist composersavoided tonality and traditional chord progressions
Schoenberg's teacher washimself
Schoenberg acquired his profound knowledge of music bygoing to concerts, playing chamber groups, studying scores
Alban Berg and Anton Webern were Arnold Schoenberg'sstudents
When Schoenberg arrived in the United States after the Nazis seized power in Germany, he obtained a teaching position atUCLA
Schoenberg's third period, in which he developed the twelve-tone system, began around1921
An eerily expressive kind of declamation midway between song and speech, introduced during the expressionist period, isspreechistime
The ordering of the twelve chromatic tones in a twelve-tone composition is called aseries, tone, row, set
Which of the following terms is not used to describe the chromatic tones in twelve-tone composition?special ordering of the twelvepolychord
Anton Webernwas a composer
Webern's melodic lines areatomized into 2 or 3 note fragments
Webern's Five Pieces for Orchestra are scored fora chamber orchestra of 18 soloist
From 1907 to 1934 Bla Bartk taught __________ at his alma mater, and gave recitals throughout Europe.piano
The melodies Bla Bartk used in most of his works areoriginal themes with folk flavor
Who was the leading American composer and conductor of band music?Leonard Bernstein
Charles Ives's father was a(n)insurance salesman
After graduating from Yale, Charles Iveswent into the insurance business
During most of his lifetime, Charles Ives's musical compositionsaccumulated in his barn
George Gershwin grew up inAntavka Russia
Gershwin left high school at the age of fifteen tobecome a pianist demonstrating new songs in a publishers salesroom
George Gershwin usually collaborated with the lyricistIra Gershwin
Porgy and Bess is a(n)opera
William Grant StillTroubled Island / in NY
Each movement of William Grant Still's Afro-American Symphony is prefaced by lines from a poem byPLD
Aaron Copland was born inBrooklyn
In 1921 Copland went to France, where he was the first American to study composition withNadia Boulinger
In 1925, after Copland returned from France, American music meantJazz
In 1925, and for a few years afterward, Copland's music showed the influence ofJazz
Appalachian Spring originated as aballet score for the great modern dance and choreographer Martha Graham
Alberto Ginastera, one of the most prominent Latin-American composers of the 20th century, was born inArgentina
One of Ginastera's early works, Estancia Suite, isNationalistic
In 1945 Ginastera moved to the United States where he had the opportunity to study with the well known American composerAaron Copeland
Since World War II, musical styles havetaken many new directions
All of the following are major developments in music since 1950 except thecontinued composition of symphonies in the classical style
Composers began to shift from tonality to the twelve-tone system becausediscovered it was compostional
The twelve-tone composer whose style was most imitated in the 1950s and 1960s wasanton webern
Serialism is a compositional technique in whichstuff serves a unifying idea
Twelve-tone compositional techniques used to organize rhythm, dynamics, tone color, and other dimensions of music to produce totally controlled and organized music are calledserialism
In chance, or aleatory music, the composerchoose pitches, tone color, rhythm, and random methods
Around 1940, John Cage invented the prepared piano, a(n)grand piano whose sound is altered by objects
Edgard Varse's Pome lectroniquewas also designed for 1958 Brussels world fair, earliest masterpiece composed in collab with Le Corbusier
Ragtime flourished in the United States1890-1915
The most famous blues singer of the 1920s, known as the "empress of the blues", wasBessie Smith
New Orleans style Dixieland flourished in the United States1900-1917
The major center of jazz from about 1900 to 1917 wasBebop
Duke Ellington was an important figure inbebop
Duke Ellington's compositions are outstanding because theyhave rich tone colors, harmony, distinctive sounds of individual musicians
Bebop differed from earlier jazz forms in that itused written arrangements with little improviation
A typical bebop group might includesaxophone, trumpet, piano, bass, precussion
One of the greatest of all jazz improvisers and a towering figure among bebop musicians was the saxophonistCharlie Parker
A bebop performance generally began and ended withstatement of main theme
Cool jazzrelated to bop but more relaxed
A golden era of American musical theater was created from about1920-1960
Leonard Bernstein was a well-knownballet composer/musicals
In addition to his famous musicals, Leonard Bernstein also wrote successfulballet, choral, symphonies
The musical loosely based on Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet iswest side story
Rock has been defined asvocal music with hard driving beat, electric guitar, amplified sound
Early rock grew mainly out of __________, a dance music of African Americans that fused blues, jazz, and gospel styles.rhythm and blues
A folklike, guitar-based style associated with rural white Americans is known ascountry and western
The Beatles's influence on American rock music may be seen through later performers' use ofclassical non western instruments, unconventional scales, and chord progressions
Nonwestern music is most often transmittedorally
Singers in the Middle East and North Africa cultivate a vocal timbre thathas a nasal, intense, and strained tone
The most important way of making music in most nonwestern cultures is bythe voice
Musical instruments whose sound generator is a column of air are classified asaerophones
Musical instruments whose own material is the sound generator are classified asidiophones
Nonwestern musical scales often contain ________ tones.5,6,7 tones
who was
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