the opening motive of beethoven's symphony no. 5 has a ____________ rhythm.

# the opening motive of beethoven's symphony no. 5 has a ____________ rhythm.

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A simple and more familiar type of canon is calledround
Meter is an organizing principle shared by music and poetrytrue
Traditional music of the Far East is largelymonophonic
Most large musical ensembles use a conductor in order to perform togetherTrue
A short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern repeated throughout a musical work is called an ostinatoTrue
Which of the following terms describes a concordant or agreeable combination of tonesconsonant
The smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit is calledmotive
A musical form based on statement, departure, and a restatement of the first idea is called binary formfalse
Describe the organSound is created when air flows through pipes controlled by the organist, Some organs have more than one keyboard, including one played by the feet The sound of an organ can be imitated by electric keyboards and synthesizers
Ternary form is best outlined as A-B-Atrue
The procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice and then restated in another is calledImitation
A heterophonic texture frequently occurs in music involving improvisation, such as jazztrue
Which of the following would be classified as an unpitched percussion instrumentbass drum
The striking emotional effect created by the high point in a melodic line is calledThe climax
When a piece of music begins on the last beat of a measure, it is said to begin withan upbeat
Which marking is appropriate for a slow tempoadagio
The percussion family is comprised of a variety of instruments that are made to sound bystriking or shaking:
The trumpet is the lowest in pitch of the brass familyFalse
The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra by Britten is based on a dance tune by BeethovenFalse
Meter is the measurement of musical timeTrue
A melody combined with an ornamented version of itself, often heard in jazz, produces a texture known asheterophony
Harmonic movement is generated by motion toward a goal or resolutionTrue
Disjunct motion describes melodies that skip in disjointed intervalsTrue
The special effect produced on a string instrument by plucking the string with the finger is calledpizzicato
The guitar is most likely of African originFalse
Flutes and whistles are classified as idiophonesFalse
Most compositions use one type of texture exclusivelyFalse
Which of the following is a double reed instrumentthe oboe
Forms are fixed molds into which composers force their materialFalse
Which of the following songs is in compound meterRock-a-bye Baby
Which historical event did NOT take place in the Renaissancethe writing of the Magna Carta
The singing leader in Jewish religious services is calledthe cantor
A key refers to a group of related tones with a common center, a tonic, toward which the tones gravitateTrue
The Renaissance saw the growth of solo instrumental music, especially for lute and keyboard instrumentsTrue
The term a cappella refers to choral music performed_______ .without any instrumental accompaniment
The texts for madrigals are generally drawn from the fixed poetic metersFalse
The raga, or scale pattern Bhimpalasi, varies in its ascending and descending formsTrue
Which religious figure is praised in the text of Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrixthe Virgin Mary
Who is the Greek god of music?Apollo
Women poet-musicians in southern France were called MinnesingersFalse
The overall form of the Kyrie to Du Fay's L'homme arme Mass is ternary, or A-B-ATrue
The upper voice parts of the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voicesTrue
The dominant is an example of an active chord, which can cause tension in music until resolvedTrue
The three most important triads used in diatonic harmony areI, IV, and V
The Roman Catholic Mass for the Dead is the MagnificatFalse
Instruments participated in the performance of madrigals, either by doubling or by substituting for a vocal lineTrue
The raga, or scale pattern Bhimpalasi, varies in its ascending and descending formsTrue
Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashionPalestrina
Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realismFalse
The service in the Roman Catholic Church that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ isthe Mass
what does NOT describe Gabrieli's O quam suavis:a cappella performance
The High Middle Ages witnessedthe building of great cathedrals,the founding of universities, and the rise of the bourgeoisie
In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for:visions that foretold the future, founding her own convent and writing religious poetry
The value we place on music today is part of our ancient heritageTrue
The vivid depiction of the text through music, known as word painting, is a hallmark ofthe madrigal
Although feudal society was male-dominated, the status of women was raised by prevailing attitudes of chivalry and devotion to the cult of the Virgin MaryTrue
Which of the following characterizes Monteverdi's madrigal Ecco mormorar l'ondecareful musical pictorialization of specific images
Which was NOT a function of secular music in medieval court lifedevotional services
Claudio Monteverdi's career spanned both the Renaissance and Baroque periodsTrue
A key refers to a group of related tones with a common center, a tonic, toward which the tones gravitateTrue
The dominant is an example of an active chord, which can cause tension in music until resolvedTrue
A sharp will lower the tone by a half stepFalse
Which of the following does NOT make frequent use of pentatonic scalesWestern art music
Mout me fu grief/Robin m'aime/Portare has three voices, each with the same textTrue
After the Protestant revolt of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its peopleThis was known as: the Counter-Reformation
Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoorsronde
In Western music, the octave is divided into how many equal intervalstwelve
During the late sixteenth century, the principal center for polychoral singing wasSt: Mark's of Venice
Secular music in the Renaissance was performed only by professional musiciansFalse
What characterizes the minor scaleIt has a lowered third degree
A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabicFalse
What characterizes humanismthinking centered on human issues and individuality, inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, and independence from traditional and religion
Instruments participated in the performance of madrigals, either by doubling or by substituting for a vocal lineTrue
The earliest operas took their plots fromGreek mythology
The overall form of the Kyrie to Du Fay's L'homme arme Mass is ternary, or A-B-ATrue
Bach wrote his Musical Offering forFrederick the Great:
Dido's lament from Purcell's Dido and Aeneus is a da capo ariaTrue
The three main keyboard instruments of the Baroque were the harpsichord, organ, and pianoFalse
The libretoo for Handel's oratorio Messiah is a compilation of verses from the BibleTrue
Bach completed just over one hundred cantatas in his lifetimeFalse
The French rondeau led directly to the rondo of the eighteenth centuryTrue
The Renaissance saw the growth of solo instrumental music, especially for lute and keyboard instrumentsTrue
What Baroque genre was the direct ancestor of the symphonysonata da camera
During the late sixteenth century, the principal center for polychoral singing wasSt: Mark's of Venice
Which of the following is noted as a reformer of eighteenth-century operaGluck
The approximate dates of the Baroque period are1600-1750
Which does NOT characterize an oratorioelaborate scenery
The expansion and reworking of a theme within a composition is called thematic developmentTrue
All of the following are fast, lively dance types EXCEPTthe sarabande
Religion remained a driving force behind power struggles in the Baroque eraTrue
Johann Sebastian Bach lived a short, unhappy life and had no childrenFalse
An early American polyphonic setting of a psalm or hymn in an imitative style is calleda fuging tune
The upper voice parts of the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voicesTrue
In earlier times, a composer's choice of key for a piece depended largely on the capabilities of the instruments for which it was intendedTrue
Vivaldi lived and worked inVenice
Bach's passions are musical setting of the account of the Crucifixion by one of the four EvangelistsTrue
As a reaction to the grandiose gesture of the Baroque, the Rococo style was a miniature and ornate art aimed at enchantment of the sensesTrue
The harpsichord is different from the piano becauseit usually has two keyboards, rather than one, its strings are plucked rather than struck, it is not capable of a wide dynamic range
During the Baroque era, some boy singers were castrated to preserve the high register of their voices, allowing them to sing high-pitched operatic rolesTrue
The term trio sonata refers to the number of parts, or musical lines, rather than the number of playersTrue
Jean-Joseph Mouret died a celebrated, wealthy artistic heroFalse
A theme may be fragmented by dividing it into smaller units called_____motives
Late in life, Handel turned his efforts from opera tothe oratorio
It was through the musical innovations of the __________ that opera was bornFlorentine Camerata
Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashionPalestrina
The group of early Baroque writers, artists, and musicians whose aim was to resurrect the musical drama of ancient Greece was known asThe Florentine Camerata
Secular music in the Renaissance was performed only by professional musiciansFalse
Claudio Monteverdi's career spanned both the Renaissance and Baroque periodsTrue
In the Baroque era, music centered on frequent changes of moodTrue
Which best describes how Baroque musicians made a livingas servants to royalty or nobility, as members of the church, and as employees of a free city
Which two instruments would most likely have played the basso continuo in the Baroque eracello and harpsichord
A fugue is a form exclusively for solo keyboard performanceFalse
What is NOT a major choral work by BachMessiah
The Baroque era was an age of political freedom and democracyFalse
A sinfonia is a short instrumental passage that facilitates scene changesTrue
In London, Handel composed operas in ItalianTrue
In opera, the lyric melodies that release emotional tension are called recitativesFalse
A short phrase repeated over and over in the bass is calleda ground bass
What is the typical form of a Scarlatti sonataone-movement binary form
The opening movement of Bach's cantata A Mighty Fortress Is Our God is best described asa fugal chorale
The orchestra plays a prominent role in the second movement of Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No2: False
Which best describes the form of the final love duet in The Coronation of PoppeaA-B-B-A, with ground bass
The French overture is composed in three sectionsFalse
What is the form of the individual movements in a suitebinary
Barbara Strozzi was probably trained as a courtesan, in singing, lute playing, and writing poetryTrue
What does NOT characterize Vivaldi's concertos The Four SeasonsThey avoid ritornello form
While playing the basso continuo, musicians in the Baroque era improvised on the figured bassTrue
The chaconne is a variation form based on a repeated succession of harmoniesTrue
The role of the chorus was especially important in the oratorioTrue
The Roman Catholic Mass for the Dead is the MagnificatFalse
Purcell's opera, Dido and Aeneus, was composed fora girls' school production in Chelsy:
Corelli's trio sonatas served as models for the establishment of the church and chamber sonataTrue
In a fugue, the areas of relaxation where the subject is not heard are calledepisodes
The only basic rule of theme and variations form is that the theme must always be easily heardFalse
The instrument which Mozart played and for which he wrote many concertos wasthe piano:
The American Declaration of Independence reflects the intellectual climate of the Classical eraTrue
Mozart is remembered today as________the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music
Which best describes the form of the first movement of Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusiksonata-allegro
In the nineteenth-century symphony, the minuet was often replaced by the scherzoTrue
The classical attitude toward art is considerably more objective than the RomanticTrue
Modern scientists have shown that listening to Mozarthelps with solving math problems
The famous four-note figure at the beginning of Beethoven's Symphony No 5 is best described asa motive
Ancient people (the Greeks and Romans, especially) believed that music had no effect on the bodyFalse
A string quartet consists of2 violins, viola, and cello
The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, development, andrecapitulation
The Classical string quartet literature follows the same basic formal design as the symphony and sonataTrue
What best describes the opening of the first movement of Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusika march-like character
Romantic elements can be found in the late works of Mozart, Haydn, and BeethovenTrue
In sonata-allegro form, the section that features the most tension and drama through modulation and motivic interplay is calledthe development
Mozart was consistently supported by Vienna's most important patronsFalse
The harmony of the Classical-era composers was largely chromaticFalse
The term multimovement cycle is applied not only to sonatas and chamber music but also to concertos and symphoniesTrue
The percussion section of a modern orchestra includes a number of instruments of Turkish originTrue
The first movement of a Classical concerto features sonata-allegro form witha double exposition
In the first movement of a Classical concerto, there is usually a double expositionTrue
Beethoven, like Mozart, wrote music very quickly and with great easeFalse
Mozart's Symphony No 40 in G minor can be viewed as Romantic in spiritTrue
Beethoven opposed democracy in favor of the rule of a strong leaderFalse
The third movement of a Classical symphony is most frequently inminuet and trio form
How many movements were typical of pre-Classical symphoniesthree
In Haydn's time, the trumpet had not yet advanced beyond the natural form of the instrument with no valvesTrue
In Haydn's The Creation, the soloists include three archangels Gabriel, Uriel, and RaphaelTrue
Beethoven's Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op27, No: 2, was subtitled "Moonlight" by______the poet Rellstab shortly after the composer's death
How is the melody of Schubert's Lied The Trout used in the quintet of the same nameIt is the basis of a theme and variations movement
The __________ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart's Requiemtrombone
A trouser role is sung by a man in eighteenth-century operaFalse
The Trumpet Concerto in E-flat major, composed in 1796, was Haydn's last orchestral workTrue
Turkish percussion instruments can be heard in Beethoven's Symphony No_____9
Mozart's Requiem was sung in a worldwide memorial for the victims of the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United StatesTrue
Which character in Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro is best described as a young, innocent man who is in love with loveCherubino
Who was Haydn's principal patronPrince Esterhazy
The music of which composer inspired Haydn to write an oratorioHandel
In the Classical era, the sonata was intended for professional musicians onlyFalse
Haydn's orchestras in London were smaller than his earlier ensemblesFalse
The career of Joseph Haydn spanned the years from the formation of the Classical style to the beginning of RomanticismTrue
The Janissary band wasa Turkish military ensemble
Mozart wrote his piano concertos primarily for his own public performancesTrue
The text of the Ode to Joy, set as the finale of Beethoven's Symphony No 9, is bySchiller
The last movement of Mozart's Sonata in A major, K 331, is inspired by music from which countryTurkey
The first movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto in G major, K 453, is monothematicFalse
Of the following, which characterizes Maria Theresa Paradiswoman virtuoso pianist, student of Mozart, blind since birth
Unlike Mozart, Beethoven used sketchbooks to work out musical ideasTrue
Mozart's librettist for The Marriage of Figaro wasLorenzo da Ponte
In depicting "Chaos" at the beginning of The Creation, Haydncomposes a dramatic C-minor overture
Beethoven belonged to a generation of artists who were influenced by the full impact of:the French Revolution
Beethoven's famous Moonlight Sonata has _______ movementsthree
The early Classical symphony was characterized by quickly ascending themes with a strong rhythmic driveThese are known as: rocket themes
In the nineteenth century, the Mass was performed only in churchFalse
The first movement of a symphony is usually insonata-allegro form
During the Classical era, the prevalent form of opera that occupied itself mainly with the affairs of nobility and Greek legends wasopera seria
A typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment calledthe cadenza
Comic opera was generally in the language of the audience or in the vernacularTrue
Beethoven and Mozart wrote duo sonatas that treated the two instruments as nearly equal partnersTrue
What is the form of the last movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto in G major, K 453sonata
The fourth movement of a Classical symphony is usually quicker and lighter than the first movementTrue
Beethoven's Battle Symphony pays tribute toWellington's victory over Napoleon:
What is unusual about Beethoven's Symphony No 5There is no break between the third and fourth movements
The text for the Dies irae is a poem in 3-line rhymed versesTrue
Rapid-fire, talky singing whose primary function is to advance the plot in an opera is calledrecitative
The terzetta, or trio, from Act I of The Marriage of Figaro is in rondo formFalse
Opera buffa was typically serious in tone, with plots dealing with historical or legendary figuresFalse
In the Classical concerto, the marking of andante or adagio would most likely apply to the third movementFalse
Using material from an earlier movement in a symphony is calledcyclical form
Schubert set his Trout Quintet in the standard four-movement structureFalse
The form of the first movement of Beethoven's Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op 27, No 2is a modified song form
In the latter part of the eighteenth century, new opera types were devised that featured naturalness and simplicityTrue
Beethoven achieved much acclaim during his lifetime and died a famous and revered composerTrue
The establishment of a four-movement cycle for the symphony is generally credited to the London school of composersFalse
The sonata is an instrumental work in one movement for one or two solo instrumentsFalse
Beethoven was unable to compose music after he became deafFalse
Who wrote Kyrie," from the L'homme Arm MassGuillaume Du Fay
What year was Guillaume Du Fay born1397
What year did Du Fay die1474
What is the significance of KyrieThis movement, which is the opening movement of the mass, is divided into three sections based on the text. Each section begins with 3 of the 4 voice parts; the tenor joins later and has the slower moving fixed tune (cantus firmus)
cantus firmus"fixed melody", usually of very long notes, often based on a fragment of Gregorian chant that served as the structural basis for a polyphonic composition, particularly in the Renaissance
Who wrote "Gloria," from Pope Marcellus MassGiovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
What year was Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina born1525
What year did Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina die1594
What is the significance of GloriaMonophonic chant opening, Changes of density and texture set in various registers, A cappella performance, Clearly audible text set syllabically, Alternation of homorhythmic and polyphonic textures, Full, consonant harmony
polyphonicall parts sing different notes or rhythms at the same time
monophonicsingle melodic line without supporting harmonies
homorythmicwhere all the voices move in the same rythm
Who wrote Fair PhyllisJohn Farmer
What year was John Farmer bornfl 1591
What year did John Farmer die1601
Who wrote A Mighty Fortress is our God or Ein Feste Burg ist Unser GottJohann Sebastian Bach
What year was Bach born1685
What year did Bach die1750
What is significance of Ein Feste Burg ist Unser Gottimitative treatment of the familiar tune in all voice parts and in the trumpets. Dense polyphonic texture created between chorus and orchestra for each line of text, Canon on chorale tune heard in the instruments , played in augmentation
CannonSame sequence as someone else but one beat after.
Augmentationthe statement of a theme in notes of greater duration (usually twice the length of the original)
Who wrote "Spring" from the Four SeasonsAntonio Vivaldi
What year was Antonio Vivaldi born1678
What year did Antonio Vivaldi die1741
What is the significance of Spring from the four seassonsMusical pictorialization of images of spring, based on the poem, Virtuosity of solo violin part, with fast-running scales and trills. Recurring theme
ritornelloshort recurring instrumental passage found in both the aria and the Baroque concerto
trilla note that alternates rapidly with another note a semitone above it
Who wrote Water Music in D MajorGeorge Frideric Handel
What year was Handel born1685
What year did Handel die1759
What is significant about Spring from The Four Seasonstenary form, section with dotted rhythms, followed by a return of the opening material, Fanfare-like opening with quick exchanges between brass and strings. Percussion (timpani) added to orchestra.
ternary form:3 part form. The piece divides into 3 parts of which the 3rd is an exact repeat, or almost so, of the first part
binary forma musical form consisting of two units (A and B) constructed to balance and complement each other
fanfarea short lively tune played on brass instruments
Who wrote String Quartet in D minor, Op. 76, No. 2 Quinten), Fourth MovementJoseph Haydn
What year was Joseph Haydn born1732
What year did Hayden die1809
What is the significance of String Quartet in D minor, Op. 76, No. 2 Quinten), Fourth MovementFolklike character, with strongly syncopated dance rhythms, Opening theme introduced by first violin, stated in 2 parts, each repeated (A-A-B-B), First violin dominates the melody throughout, Shift from opening minor key (D minor) to brighter, major key (D major)
minor keya piece of music based in the minor scale, with a sad or haunting sound
major keya piece of music based in the major scale, Scale built on thee formula of two whole steps, one half step, three whole steps, one half step.
syncopationtemporary irregularity in musical rhythm
Who wrote Eine kleine Nachtmusik (A Little Night MusicWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
What year was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart born1756
What year did Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart die1791
What is the significance of Eine kleine Nachtmusik (A Little Night Music)Sonata-Allegro form, Intimate string chamber music style. Quick-paced movement with 3 themes, sonata-allegro form Overall homophonic texture. First theme is disjunt, marchlike, and ascends quickly (rocket theme); second theme, graceful and conjunct.
Sonata AllegroClassical period, dramatic musical form involving exposition, development, and recapitulation, with optional introduction and coda
Rocket themequickly ascending rhythmic melody used in Classical-era instrumental music; the technique is credited to the composers in Mannheim, Germany
Homophonicmusical texture which focuses on a single melody with accompaning harmonies (mainly chordal)
Disjunctprogressing melodically by intervals larger than a major second
Conjunctmelody that moves in stepwise motion without major skips and leaps between the intervals, Smooth, connected melody that moves principally in stepwise motion,
pitchthe highness or lowness of a particular sound
Frequencynumber of vibrations per second.
Amplitudevolume or loudness of sound
Melodythe tune in music, a sequence of moving pitches that create thought
Rangespan of pitches
Contoursgeneral shape of a melody.
Intervalsdistances between any two pitches of a melody.
Phrasea unit that makes up a melody
Counter melodya melody accompanied by a second melody
Cadencethe point where the musician takes a deep breath, the punctuation for music.
Rhythmthe movement of music in time.
Beatthe basic unit of rhythm.
downbeatfirst beat of any patter
upbeatthe last beat of a measure
offbeata weak beat
meterthe organized pattern of rhythmic pulses
Duple metera simple marching meter (left-right-left-right)
Triple metera simple meter that has three beats to a measure and is often used for waltzes
Quadruple Metera simple that has four beats to a measure with the primary accent on first beat and second strongest on the third
Compound metersa meter where the beat is divided into three
Measurewhat marks of meter, contains a fixed number of beats
Harmonya term used to describe simultaneous events in music, also the movement of one chord to the next
Chordthree or more notes all sound together at once.
Octaveinterval of eight notes
Scalegroup of eight pitches arranged in ascending and descending order
Triada combination of three notes or tones
tonic notethe first note of a scale or key, also called a keynote
Dsonancea combination of tones that are dcordant
Dcordanta combination of tones that need to be resolved
ConsonanceThe resolving of dsonance, notes are pleasing to the ears
Dronethe sustained sounding of one or more tones for harmonic support, common in Asian and folk music
Counterpointthe combination of two or more simultaneous melodic lines
strophic formmelody repeated with each stanza
Gravesolemn or very, very slow.
Andantea walking pace.
Moderatoof course moderate.
Allegroa fast or cheerful pace.
Vivacea lively pace.
Prestovery fast.
Moltovery.
Menoless.
Pocoa little.
Non tropponot too much
Piansimo (ppvery soft.
Piano (p)very soft
Mezzo piano(mp)moderately soft
Forte(ff)loud
Mezzo forte(mf)moderately loud.
Fortsimo(ff)a very loud piece of music.
Sforzandoto accent a single note or cord
Aerophones:instruments that produce sound by using air., horns, bagpipes, whistles and accordions.
Chordophones:produce sound from vibrating sting that is stretched between two separate points, Violins, sitars, guitars, harps and Chinese yangquins
Idiophoneinstrument that produces sound by vibration of materials they are made of
Membranophoneinstrument that makes sound when its stretched membrane is struck or rubbed
the opening
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