RLS 111 Midterm
Living Religions represents three major responses to the question, "Why are there religions?" Explain these three responses in your own words. Which of these do you believe to be true? Why?
Describe the relationship of science and religion in the 20th century.
Match the following terms with their definitions.
Encounters with ultimate reality may be called
a. all of the choices
b. ecstatic communion
The ideas of religion sometimes transform people into social and political leaders as well as religious leaders. Such was the case when ___________ meditated on the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad-Gita.
b. Paramahansa Yogananda
c. Mahatma Gandhi
d. Swami Vivekananda
This nineteenth-century socialist stated that "Man makes religion: religion does not make man.....It is the opium of the people."
The OM symbol, representing the original sound of creation, is topped by the _________________________, harmonized opposites.
a. sun and the moon
b. sky and the land
c. fire and the water
d. mountains and the lakes
The Greek philosopher ____________ believed that the soul was superior to the body and reason more reliable than the senses.
The dichotomy between sacred and profane is applicable to all religions.
Describe the cycles of time in Hinduism. What evidence do you see that we are currently in the fourth cycle?
What do the major Hindu philosophical systems have in common?
Match the term with its description.
Most Hindus worship one of these three deities:
a. Agni, Siva, Indra
b. Vishnu, Siva, Brahma
c. Vishnu, Siva, Sakti
d. Vishnu, Agni, Indra
The worship of the feminine form of the divine has been present in India since ancient times. This divinity has been associated closely with nature including the River ____________which is considered especially sacred to Hindus.
The highest members of the Hindu caste system were priests or
A Hindu males life time is traditionally divided into four statesstudent, householder, semi-retired person, and a _________
The Hindu scriptures, the Vedas, were written in:
A major difference in the two major philosophical systems of Hinduism, Samkhya and Advaita Vedanta, is their understanding of reality. While Advaita Vedanta is monistic, holding that there is one reality, the Samkhya philsophy confirms that there are really _________ realities.
The Vedas are composed of four Parts: the Samhitas, Brahmanas, ___________, and the Upanishads.
Members of the lowest caste group once called untouchables were renamed harijans by Mahatma Gandhi. Harijan means ______________.
a. sons of Brahmin
b. children of God
c. Gods chosen
d. redeemed ones
The Upanishads, the last of the Vedas, include teachings on
a. the nature of Brahman
b. the nature of the soul or atman
c. all of the above
d. the nature of oneself
The ultimate goal of yogic meditation is ____________, a state of union with the Absolute.
What basic beliefs do Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism have in common? How do they differ?
Describe the life of the Buddha. What events led to his emergence as the leader of a future world religion?
The Buddhas teachings on the truths of reality and right conduct are called __________.
a. the samsara
b. the dharma
c. the karma
d. The Pali Canon
Buddhism differs from many of the other major religions in its __________
a. any answer
b. belief in life after death
c. belief in one major deity
d. belief in salvation through ones own efforts
Bodhidharma's form of Buddhism called Ch'an in China became known as __________in Japan.
a. Pure Land
The leader in exile of Tibet, the _______________, is one of the most respected and beloved spiritual leaders in the world.
c. Dalai Lama
The sayings of the Buddha have been recorded in a book called the ______________
a. Noble Eightfold Path
c. Four Noble Truths
d. Triple Gem
All Buddhists "take refuge" in the Buddha, in the dharma, and the sangha, a creed called the:
b. Pali Canon
c. Eightfold Noble Path
d. Triple Gem
In the Buddhas first sermon at Deer Park, he set forth his basic ideas around which all later teachings would revolve. The basic teachings are called the _________________.
a. Noble Eightfold Path
b. Four Noble Truths
d. Middle Way
The future Buddha was born in a family belonging to the traditional Hindu cast called the____________.
The Buddha developed a systematic approach to bring people to liberation called the_________.
a. Four Noble Truths
c. Three Gems
d. Eightfold Path of Liberation
The major form of Buddhism that tries to adhere closely to the original teachings is called _______________.
a. Theravada Buddhism
b. Zen Buddhism
c. Pure Land Buddhism
d. Mahayana Buddhism
The Pali Canon, also known as the ________, includes the rules for sangha members and a record of the Buddhas teaching stories.
b. Triple Gem
In the Pure Land Buddhism belief system, followers do not have to rely on their own efforts for liberation. They call on _____________ who prepares a place of bliss for any who call on his name.
c. Bodhisattva of Superb Action
d. Dalai Lama
The ultimate goal in the practice of Buddhism is ___________
a. becoming one with an ultimate reality or deity
b. forgiveness of sins
c. any answer
In Zen Buddhism, zazen, a term, which means ___________, is an important method of experiencing the Buddha-nature.
a. sitting meditation
b. higher meditation
c. standing meditation
d. mindful mediation
The ultimate purpose of Zen practice is _________.
b. becoming one with god
c. any answer
d. satori or enlightenment
A zendo is a _____.
a. Zen writings
b. Zen meditation practice
c. Zen meditation hall
d. Zen follower
Excerpt from file: RLS111Midterm Question1 LivingReligionsrepresentsthreemajorresponsestothequestion,"Whyaretherereligions?" Explainthesethreeresponsesinyourownwords.Whichofthesedoyoubelievetobetrue? Why? perspective:humansinventedreligion perspective:religionisuseful Perspective:UltimateRealityexists Question2
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